Impact of 15th Lok Sabha Election in Senapati District, Manipur







Map Showing where the NSCN-IM Kilonser's Bolero was stoned by the annoyed people

Map Showing where the NSCN-IM Kilonser's Bolero was stoned by the annoyed people

         Dr. R.B. Thohe Pou

 Some people believe that politics is a ‘dirty game’ but they continue to involve in politics. Some people believe that developments can be brought through politicians only forgetting the work of the NGOs. Personally I believe that politics is not a ‘dirty game’ but many politicians and the people involved in politics play the dirty game. How many politicians and the people who involves in politics are honest, respectable and work for unity and development of the people?


In 1952 under the leadership of Phizo – the Naga (NNC) boycotted the Indian election, which was quite successfully. The general election in 1952 was totally boycotted in Naga areas; not a single nomination was filled in the Naga areas; not a single vote was cast. The Nagas also stayed away from the District Councils. The school teachers and other govt. employers resigned their jobs and the people refused to pay taxes. Let’s also try to examine the cooperation, unity and capability to convince and mobilize of the present Naga leaders who boycotted the Indian election and commenced to involve in so called Indian election.


In last 13th Lok Sabha election – the NSCN-IM again boycotted Indian election in Nagalim as they don’t want to come under the constitution of India. In this election – the Outer Manipur seat was won by Kim Gangte (a non Naga candidate) as the Naga people boycotted the Lok Sabha election and other communities selected her unanimously.


The strategy and the policy of the Naga underground changed in 14th Lok Sabha election; the Naga underground wanted to have their own candidate who will represent in Indian parliament for the Naga people in Delhi. In this election – Mani Cheranamei (an Independent MP candidate) was chosen by the NSCN-IM faction for the Naga people and he was elected in last election. However many villagers and leaders said that NSCN-IM compelled them to vote for Mani only. When we studied the Naga political history it is observed that the Naga underground did not want the Naga people to involve so called in Indian election and boycotted twice. However the Indian politicians (leaders) want the Naga to be the part of the India and participate in every Indian election. Now the policy of the underground is just reversed and the thinkers and the people who are interested on Naga issue may be abstruse to comprehend this reversal policy.


In this 15th Lok Sabha election – the Naga underground wants MP Mani Cheranamei to represent again for the Naga people in Delhi. However they did not stopped any other Naga candidate to nominate and it is strange that after nomination – the people were not allowed to cast their votes for other candidates except for Mani. Why don’t they make understand and stop the aspiring MP candidates before their nomination is done? There were some round of talks between the village leaders and other leaders with the NSCN-IM leaders in Senapati and its periphery areas. However the NSCN-IM could not convinced and mobilized the public leaders and ultimately the voting day arrived. In Poumai Naga areas – the NSCN-IM once again commenced to threaten the village leaders to vote for Mani Cheranamei only. On the day of election – most of the underground went to their own villages and started to woo the villagers to vote for their candidate but the villagers were not convinced without any muscle power.


Many villagers were forcefully voted for Mani and this news spread like the wild fire in all the villages and in the periphery of Senapati areas as they have now better communication due to cell phone revolution. Learning the news about the booth capturing by the underground – the public or mass of the people got irritated and started to gather around Karong and Senapati areas and the annoyed mass of the people commenced to pelt stones to the vehicles coming from Mao and Poumai areas polling stations. Unfortunately, one of the NSCN-IM Kilonser’s Bolero (vehicle) was coming from Poumai area side and the aggravated mass of the people stoned the vehicle and almost crushed into piece but the NSCN-IM Kilonser and the others travelling in that Bolero were safe with some injuries in their bodies. On 22nd April, the alleged two leaders of the people who were involved in pelting stone to NSCNN-IM Kilonser’s Bolero were taken into Hebron, Dimapur – the NSCN-IM head quarter for further interrogation. There was meeting between the Naga leaders from Senapati District and the NSCN-IM leaders in Hebron camp on 23rd April till late evening. On 24th April the two alleged were bailed out by the Naga leaders from Senapati. Kudos goes to the NSCN-IM for releasing the two alleged leaders who were alleged to lead the group in stoning the Bolero.


It is also difficult to understand why the underground could not convince and mobilize the gullible villagers to vote for their candidate? Why they made the public irritated and brought such kind of consequences? It is also interesting to note that there was not news report in Manipur or Nagaland news paper about the pelting of stone and injury of the NSCN-IM Kilonser near Senapati H. Quarter. But one of the simple reasons may be that there is not a single local news reporter available in Senapati and the freelancers may be afraid or unworthy to get the price of reporting for such kind of report as it may bring heavy price on them for reporting such kind of ground reality and fact report to the newspaper.


With this kind of consequences through election problems in Nagalim may bring more bitter relationship between the public and the Naga underground. Not only the relationship between the underground and the public but the relationship among the people also will be affected enormously. The Naga leaders and everyone from Senapati would definitely appreciate the NSCN-IM for solving the problems amicably with prayers and mutual understanding. Disunity and bitter relationship may be the sadness to one community but it may be happiness to other communities and the leaders of every community may need to understand and bring good relationship and unity amongst their community.



Nagas’ Dilemma in Choosing MP Candidate

– Dr. R.B. Thohe Pou

Whether it is the MLA or M.P. election – the Naga people are always in dilemma in recent years in choosing their right candidate till the election is over. This precisely shows that we in transition and confusing stage where both the leaders and public have different perceptions and understanding. You have the freedom to live but do you have the right and freedom to vote for the candidate that you want? Do you know who will be the best candidate in this M.P. election? Are you going to choose the candidate based on his or her capability or due to the compulsion from “so called leaders” of your community? Till late 1980s, the M.P. elections were hardly known in the village. But today the situation had tremendously changed; the village leaders are now actively involved in M.P. election campaigning. It shows the people have awareness and their rights to choose and vote according to their intuition. However when the people commenced to know their own rights to vote for their own candidates; so called “the leaders of the people” commenced to pressurize the public to vote only for a particular candidate.

Do you think that the Nagas are still incapable to rationalize and choose their own candidate? When will the Naga come to know how to choose their own candidate? Do you think that the Naga leaders compel the public to vote ‘so called the leaders’ choice candidate’? Does the Naga public have the right to choose their own candidate without the compulsion from ‘so called their leaders’? In every election – the Naga people are in dilemma whom to vote because the public are not convinced to vote for the candidate, so called the Naga leaders’ chosen candidate. Do you think that the leaders are incapable to convince and mobilize the public to support their chosen leader? Or the public does not want to listen to their advice? Here the only problem may be the leaders are careless or incapable to convince and mobilize the public to vote the candidate whom they are supporting. Today, we are in the age of reasoning and conviction and the leaders should be capable to convince the public to vote for their chosen leaders. If the leaders are incapable to convince the public – they are just another leader by “name” that exists in their organization. Our present leaders represent for the public but they should also be capable to convince and mobilize the common people to vote for any particular candidate otherwise it may bring more misunderstanding and divisions in the society instead of working together with them.

If the present MP has done something beneficial for the public and capable to continue – I wish that he should get another chance to serve for the people. However he should give in details to the public what he has done for the public in last 5 years and the public should be convinced to vote again for him otherwise it may be unwise to vote again for him. If there is any new candidate who is more capable to work for the public – let us also give him or her chance to work for the public. Regardless of the candidate from different village or community, we need to support the candidate who will work and represent for the public so that we may enjoy the fruits of our present excellent decision in next 5 years.

Today the Nagas are in the stage of transition and we need the leader who has the vision to lead the people in the right way and stand for the public in the parliament. You and I can represent; anybody can represent in the parliament or stay in Delhi if we give him or her a chance. But an incapable leader who has not vision and courage to stand for us will bring only disgrace to us instead of bringing glory for his her people. There may be some people who are running after money and want to vote for the candidate who will pay the highest for them but today most of people want to vote for the candidate who is capable to represent in the parliament and work for the public. In this age of reasoning and conviction – the fancy political promises cannot convince the public without any feasible promise. We want unity and development in our villages and towns and the candidate should be chosen by the public to represent in the parliament for the public. Today we need to be more circumspective in choosing the right candidate with our free mind and heart without any external force. Let us take a deep breath now and take the right decision to choose the best candidate who will represent and work for the public.

Late Brigadier Livingstone NSCN

Dr. Thohe Pou

NSCN Late SK Livingstone a retired Brigadier and Steering committee member (GPRN) passed away on 13th Sept. 2007 after 10 years and 2 months of Assam Rifles Camp, Oinam attacked. He was from Kaichai Tikhor village in the western part of Ukhrul district, Manipur. He was born on 4th April 1951 and joined in NSCN in 1974, and was in the service for 33 years and 6 months. According to one news report in Sept. 2007, “he considered one of the most outstanding “tiger hearts” who believed in a “no retreat, no surrender” philosophy in conducting the guerilla war for the Naga cause, earning him the nickname, “Ngalunkui” meaning Stone in Tangkhul… His name is among the Naga underground fighters who had the highest reward on their heads and were in the “most wanted” by the Indian government”. I don’t know if the NSCN is observing his birth day on 4/4 every year.

Personally I have never met or seen him but the news spreading in the village about him became my motivator and inspiration during my teenage. Indeed he became the “living corner stone” after the famous Assam Rifles camp, Oinam attacked on 9th July 1987. His strategy and deadly plan to attack the Indian Armies was very well-known in early 1980s even to the grass-root level of the school boys. I don’t know even his rank until he was passed away but his brave story as a Naga Army was told like the story of Jesus in the village. Today he has completed his mission as a brave Naga Army and left for his heavenly abode but his brave story will remain immortal.

Late Livingstone, the “corner stone” during my teenage period was one of the main Naga Armies who inspired and motivated me to be a good Naga nationalist through his “living examples”. I don’t know how I became a Naga Nationalist till I reminiscence my childhood days and the ambience I was brought up. I do believe that it is because of the hero in my time inspired and motivated me to be what I am today. I firmly believe that today the young boys and girls in our villages, towns and cities will have the same or similar inspiration and motivation from our present NSCN depending on their “Present Living Examples”. So we can easily anticipate what will be the future generation in our nation, society or community. Our parents, elders and leaders are the main source of inspiration and motivation and we will always up our heads on them and live according to their living examples shown to us.

Not one is perfect in this world and as a human being, he might have his own weaknesses but I learnt only his good deeds. I was told that he (Livingstone) used to go on fasting and pray days after days before any ambush or attack is carried out. I came to learn only recently about his philosophy of “no treat, no surrender” in guerilla war. But I knew earlier that one of this best strategy and tactics in ambushing the Indian armies was “Fasting and Prayer”. Once I also thought why they have to fast and pray to kill someone? But I believe that they are using the tactics of the Israelites from the living Bible. During my teenage, I also learnt that he possess the spirit of God to feel the present of the Indian armies, thus he could always avoided and escaped from them. He became the hero of my generation and every party (group) in my village longed to christen the name of their group after Late Livingstone name. However ultimately only those strongest party (gang) would take the name of their gang after Livingstone. During my time, we used to play in the jungle like the monkeys; impersonating to be the NSCN taking physical training in the jungle. Under the leadership of the group leader, we went for physical training by climbing on the tree, swimming, shooting birds, and did lots of hide and see games. It was indeed a great fun impersonating to be the NSCN and patrolled in the jungle. Every boy in the village would join in their own group and enjoyed the patrolling in the jungle.

In fact that was the favorite game the village boys used to play in the jungle impersonating to be the NSCN in early 1980s. But today the whole thing seem changed from village boys to NSCN. Every parent in the village longs their child to be well educated and there is no time for the boys to impersonate to be the NSCN and play in the jungle like in olden days. Secondly I think today there is also not a single NSCN like Late Livingstone who became their (village boys) motivator to impersonate to be the NSCN. Today the village boys also have different perception and projection on NSCN; the perception on NSCN might have changed tremendously due to their “Present Living Examples” and many others unseen reasons. It is our parents and leaders or someone influential person who influences us in our lives subconsciously during our childhood and teenage, and later it become our philosophy in life. Today how many teenage boys and girls in the villages and towns are inspired and motivated by the NSCN? Who is the present hero of the NSCN giving inspiration, hope and unity for the village boys and girls? Let’s pray and hope that we may have another Livingstone who will motivate, inspire, courageously and neutrally lead all the Naga tribes or people in the right direction.