Manipur Deserves Gallantry Award for Fake Encounter?

Manipur Deserves Gallantry Award for Fake Encounter? –

– Dr. R.B. Thohe Pou

Everyone in Manipur and whole northeastern states want to repel the AFSPA but the Ibobi Singh government in Manipur wants to run the government under the shadow of AFSPA. This government also wants to recruit more police force, Manipur commandoes and IRB for their protection and to kill more innocent people in the valley and in the hill districts. The state government should have given “gallantry award” to those police who have killed Sanjit in their fake encounter but why now probed by a judicial commission?

The Police who are supposed to be the guardian of the common people but they have taken many innocent people lives in Manipur. Since January 2007, the Manipur Police have killed 225 people in encounters where as the number of Naxalites killed across the country was only 447 (Indian Express). This year on 15th August celebration, the central government should have given “gallantry award” to Manipur State Police for their highest bravery fake encounter in India.

The Manipur state recruiting more IRB and increasing the Manipur Commandoes Force (MCF) from 400 to 1,600 personnel in last 4 years and proposal to raise a women’s battalion shows their hidden dirty policies. It is not only the police but the different insurgents groups are also competing with the state police to kill the maximum number of innocent people. It is alleged that the insurgents groups have killed 65 people for different reasons. It means that 290 people became the victims due to police force and insurgents. It is also reported in some papers that 497 people were killed in Manipur State in 2008 alone; this includes both fake encounters and other killing.

The Manipur state government has killed many innocent people in the valley by police and commandoes force and now the state is planning to extend their base to hill districts also to take more innocent lives. Can the state government guarantee that the IRB and MCF will not kill the innocent people in the valley and tribal in the hill districts? The state government under the leadership of Chief Minister Ibobi Singh wants to torment and kill the innocent tribal in the hill districts in Manipur. The state government hidden ideology and policies to eliminate the Naga insurgents and other insurgents in the hill districts in disguise of trying to help the hill people may be appreciated and welcome by some section of the people. However the people in the hill districts in Manipur are also not dull to understand their hidden policies. The State government recruiting more IRB and Manipur Commandoes force is fishy and one may need to study more minutely on this aspects.

The central government is working hard to eliminate all the insurgents groups from northeast India in last 50-60 years but they cannot solve the insurgent problem in northeast. Can the Manipur State government eliminate the insurgents from Manipur state and solve the insurgent problems? Let us also ponder in this aspect: Is the Manipur state trying to eliminate the insurgent from the hill districts and valley by recruiting more commandoes force and IRB? The Assam Rifles – so called the “Friends of the Hills people”, who turn out to be the “Enemy of the Hills people” are also trying to solve the insurgent problem through a peaceful means but they became the enemy of the hill people for torturing and killing the innocent people in Manipur and other states in North east India. The recent development seminars in Bishnupur and Senpati, Union Home Secretary Gopal Pillai reviewed the security situation in the state with the clear-cut instructions against any extra-judicial killings. It may be wiser for the government of Manipur if the Manipur Commandoes Force and IRB does not become another “Enemy of the Hill People and Valley”.

One of the most important aspects of fake encounter happening in the state is due to lack of police personnel in intelligent department. It is clearly observed that all kinds of fake encounter are only due to incapability of the intelligent work – may be in armed personnel or police personnel. When the state increased the number of IRB and Manipur commandoes without increasing the number of intelligent police personnel resulted to kill many more innocent people.

Secondly, the police personnel and armed personnel should treat the other people as one of their fellow human being. When there is no love and understanding in their operation – many times the result is just opposite. They may want to control and remove all those unwanted elements for the welfare of the people but due to lack of love and understanding, they kill the innocent people inhumanly.

Thirdly, the state and central government should take stern action on those armed personnel, IRB and MCF and bring into justice when they violate and hold responsible in any kind of fake encounter or ill-treatment done to the civilians unnecessarily. This is in order to bring trust and build better relationship between the armed personnel and the civilians. In this way, it would also reduce the fake encounter and other inhuman treatment done by the armed personnel to the civilians.

In current situation in Manipur, we may need Armed Personnel and Manipur Commandoes Force only for development purpose in the valley and in hill districts; they may need to check that the insurgents do not directly involve in developmental fund released by the central government. If not, the state government should not recruit more IRB and other forces to torment and kill the innocent people in the valley or in the hill districts. People in the valley and in the hill districts of Manipur are draining due to AFSPA and we don’t need more armed personnel force, IRB and MCF in Manipur State. It is enough! Let the people take a deep breath and have a good sleep now.

AR apprehends four armed NSCN-IM cadres

Source: Hueiyen News Service

Kohima, August 27 2009: Acting on a specific information about the presence of NSCN-IM cadres with arms in general area of Forest Colony in Pfutsero under Phek district of Nagaland, the Assam Rifles launched a quick operation to cordon and search the suspected areas.

According Assam Rifle sources, during search operation conducted today, four NSCN (IM) cadres with arms identified as ‘SS 2nd Lt.’ Pina, ‘SS Sgt Maj’ Leidong, ‘SS Sgt’ Kheyese and ‘SS Cpl’ Puman were apprehended .

One Sten Gun, one 9mm Pistol, 27 rounds of 9mm, two magazines of Sten Gun and combat uniforms were recovered from their possession, according to the Assam Rifles source.

The apprehended individuals were handed over to Police Station Pfutsero and arms ammunition retained by the unit.

In a separate incident during a routine Mobile Vehicle Check Post established at MS Colony near Rangapahar in Dimapur a white colour Maruti Esteem car (ML- 07A 2319) was searched leading to recovery of 36.7 Kg Ganja in 29 packets from two individuals identified as Khol (32) of Mao village of Manipur and Lokho (22) of Rabunamai, also from Manipur.

Both individuals have been handed over to Sub Urban PS, Dimapur.

Corrigendum:’Lugathang’ villager under Khoupum PS in Tamenglong district mentioned in the report published in this newspaper on Thursday under the headline, ‘IM cadres beat up three’ should be read as ‘Luwang Long’ village.

Centre for Ukhrul as Manipur’s summer capital


24th Aug. The Centre is exploring the idea of making Naga-dominated Ukhrul the summer capital of Manipur — to send the message that the territorial integrity of the state is non-negotiable, and that the Meiteis must accommodate the people of the hill districts.

 Government sources told The Indian Express that the gunning down of three NSCN (I-M) cadres by the Assam Rifles on August 12 in Ukhrul district was a signal that there would be no “compromise” if the insurgent group violates the ceasefire agreement.

The Centre is keen to impress on the state government that the hill districts must be integrated with the Meitei-dominated plains, and efforts should be made to hold local elections in the hill districts, which have not seen polls since 1984. In this context, the government wants to apply the ‘Jammu and Kashmir model’ — where Srinagar is the summer capital — by shifting the state administration to Ukhrul in summer.

As part of the new initiative, Union Home Secretary Gopal Pillai and Secretary, DoNER, Jarnail Singh attended development seminars in Bishnupur and Senapati districts last week. Pillai reviewed the security situation in the state this morning with clear-cut instructions against any extra-judicial killings.

 The recent killing of a former militant by security forces in a “fake encounter” also figured in the Home Secretary’s dialogue with the state. The fact is that while Chief Minister Ibobi Singh wanted to order a magisterial inquiry, the Union Home Ministry got him to order a judicial probe.

Tangkhul Naga Long charter of demand to GoI

Dimapur, August 3 (MExN): ‘The TNL has also proposed a ‘Hill Districts Ring Road’ for the purpose of ‘tribal trade and commerce security’. According to the representation the five hill districts namely, Ukhrul, Senapati, Chandel, Tamenglong and Churanchandpur dominated by the indigenous tribals of Manipur state have been recklessly neglected in the past by successive governments since Indian independence. ‘ The Tangkhul Naga Long (TNL), the apex tribal body of the Tangkhul Nagas recently presented an eleven point charter of demand for development of Ukhrul district, which was submitted before Union Home Secretary G.K Pillai in the Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. The TNL also asked the GoI to consider on priority basis to organize a seminar – cum – workshop on the eleven point charter of demand at Ukhrul during 2009-2010. The TNL President Stephen Angkang and General Secretary K. Dickson in their representation stated that such kind of public interaction will “dispel the doubts and confusion hovering in the minds of the people to be reconciled negative with positive thinking to bring drastic changes in the field of economic and human resource development”. The TNL also hoped that the Union Home Secretary will do the needful by inviting the concern ministries to participate in the seminar and “clear the Project on the spot in the interest of public service and the Nation”. The eleven point charter of demand included development of National Highway 150; opening of State Bank of India; electricity – 132 Kv Power Sub-Station; Cold Storage; Shiroi national park; Hill Districts Ring Road; Central Hill University; Ukhrul as summer Capital of Manipur; F.M. Radio And Doordarshan; Helicopter service from Imphal – Ukhrul and reconstruction of Tangkhul Naga Long Shopping Complex. Eleven point development vision for Ukhrul district With regard to proper development of NH-150 the TNL hoped that this will lead to ‘road transport security’. The TNL regretted that there was no water, air, and railway to connect Ukhrul district with the rest of the country. The only means of transport for Ukhrul District is the road transport via Kohima – Jessami – Ukhrul – Churachandpur – Mizoram which has been declared as National Highway (N.H. 150) in 1999. However, the TNL regretted that even after a lapse of ten years, there is no sign of progress to achieve the target. “The pathetic slow progress of the region is one of the reasons for lack of people’s participation in all walks of life at par with the rest of the country. Development of national highway in letter and spirit would mean road transport security of the region”, it stated. On ‘financial security’, the TNL was of the view that State Bank of India is the largest and the most reliable public sector bank in India having more than 11,111 branches in India as on 2008. While stating that many SBI branches are to be opened in the North-East region, it regretted that “Ukhrul district is not found in the map of SBI for reasons best known to them” and that in the field of banking service, Ukhrul district is lacking behind to all the districts of the country. “The State Bank of India at Ukhrul would mean financial security of the people”, the TNL noted in its representation. As far as the need for ‘power security’ was concerned, the TNL termed as ‘strange’ that the consumers are forced to pay light bill in time without the current being supplied to them. It pointed out that in the absence of electricity, there can be no industry and factory of any kind in the district and also described Ukhrul district as the most backward district in the country as far electricity was concerned. “Therefore, setting up of 132KV power sub-station at Hungdung is needed to connect with the Power Grid of India for securing uninterrupted supply of power like any part of India”, the TNL stated while adding that security of power is essential for development of Industry and information technology which is the need of the century. On the food front, the TNL wanted cold storage facilities pointing out that since the climatic condition of Ukhrul district favours growing varieties of horticulture products and since they are perishable in nature, proper storage was required. “The horticulture produces could be stored in cold storage to enable the farmers to sell them with minimum support price during the season and the same commodities could be sold out during off season which could fetch more profit”, the TNL observed while stating that in the absence of cold storage and state of art road transport facilities most of these produces have been wasted before they are converted into money in the local, national & international markets. “Setting up of cold Storage would mean food security and incentive for farmers”. Charter number five calls for development of ‘Shiroi National Park’ which will give ‘water, ecology & environment security’. According to the TNL, Shiroi Kashong and its surrounding foothill areas is the only source of drinking water supply to district head quarter Ukhrul. “The Ukhrul district ceases to exist without Shiroi Kashong water resource. Therefore, preservation and conservation of Shiroi Kashong natural resources such as forest, water, flora & fauna and surrounding catchment areas in the form and status of national park is very much essential”, the TNL argued. Further Shiroi national park would also mean saving the endangered flora ‘Shiroi Lily’ the state flower of Manipur and “Uningthou –Phoenbehainesiana” the state tree of Manipur besides “Dragopan Bhlythe” and many medicinal plants and herbs. “The proposed national park will hasten Micro – Climate to reduce global warming and adverse climatic changes. National park would ensure water, ecology and environment security of Ukhrul district”, the TNL states. The TNL has also proposed a ‘Hill Districts Ring Road’ for the purpose of ‘tribal trade and commerce security’. According to the representation the five hill districts namely, Ukhrul, Senapati, Chandel, Tamenglong and Churanchandpur dominated by the indigenous tribals of Manipur state have been recklessly neglected in the past by successive governments since Indian independence. There is no connectivity between one hill district headquarters to another by road or by air and as such one has to travel via Imphal which entails more distance, expenditure, time and energy, the TNL stated. To overcome this hurdle, construction of Hill Districts Ring Road is necessary. In this connection the TNL has extended gratitude to the Japanese government for sanctioning Rs. 1000/- crore (Rupees One Thousand Crore only) for the project. The TNL stated that for such mega infrastructure development the contract work shall be awarded to BRO or renowned national and international company which can build quality road to connect all hill districts of Manipur. “Hill Districts Ring Road would mean development of trade and commerce Security of the Tribals”. On the human resource development front, the charter of demand has also called for a Central Hill University. The TNL regretted that the Manipur Central University, Chanchipur is yet to be a temple of learning for the tribals of Manipur and that this centre of learning has become a centre for exploitation for tribal and minorities in every aspect such as in the matter of recruitment of teaching and non-teaching staff and allotment of seat for admission of tribal and minorities in various disciplines. “Under the prevailing system of administration, the tribal and minorities have been treated with step motherly treatment and as such there is no congenial atmosphere to pursue higher studies”, the TNL stated. As such, a separate central hill university would mean new horizon and space for learning the value of life, culture and development of scientific temper. Further Hill University would mean promotion of culture, interest, indigenous method of learning and quality education, stated the TNL. The other charter of demand includes F.M. Radio and Doordarshan for promotion of culture and national integration. In particular the TNL was of the opinion that setting up of F.M. Radio Station at Ukhrul is the need of the hour for dissemination of news in local dialect such as local, national and international news, besides information of various developmental scheme such as NREGA, Rural Health Mission and Right to Information Act, so that rural masses are well informed in time about their rights and duties and enjoy the benefit of the scheme. It also stated that such communication medium can lead to “revival of Tribal Culture and Economic Development of the North Eastern Region” and that this will “cement Unity in Diversity and National Integration”. The TNL has also called for helicopter service from Imphal – Ukhrul to promote tourism industry and also reconstruction of Tangkhul Naga Long shopping complex which is situated at Wino Bazaar, Ukhrul. The place was gutted into ashes on the 9th March 2009. The main source of income for running day to day affairs of Tangkhul Naga Long is the house rent from this shopping complex. In the absence of alternative source of Income for the existence of Social Apex body of Tangkhul Community is at stake, it stated. It may be mentioned that the TNL representation was also forwarded to Chief Minister, Manipur, Secretary, Govt. of India, Ministry of Development of North East Region; Secretary, Govt. of India, Ministry of Finance; Secretary, Govt. of India, Ministry of Human Resource Dev; Secretary, Govt. of India, Ministry of Road Transport and Highways; Secretary, Govt. of India, Ministry of Broadcasting and Information; Secretary, Government of India, Ministry of Environment and Forests; Secretary Government of India, Ministry of Food processing; Joint Secretary, Govt. of India, Ministry of Home Affairs( NE) besides other top officials from Manipur.