The origin, migration and settlement of the Moyons (Manipur) (Part I)

This book on the origin, migration and settlement of the Moyons is the result of a long research work of the author. For the source materials of the book I had to depend much from the local scholars and elders who posses well-versed knowledge on the origin, migration and settlements and history of the Moyons.

There are hardly written literature or history are published books on this subject. However, much of the historical materials of this people is largely available in their oral traditions and oral literature like folk songs, talks and ritual incantations, etc. In this sense, this book is a compilation of the source materials in a systematic order.

There are other source materials collected from personal interviews with Meetei local scholars of different places of Manipur. For example, as per records mentioned in the “Moirang Kangleiron” by Khuraijam Thambou, a royal attendent of Waikhong Ningthou (King), the long-haired Moyon Chief cut off the foot of an elephant used in the marriage rateneu of a girl belonging to a Khuman clan of Thoubal area. In another case, Pandit Samjetshabam Kala Singh of Salungpham gave me an account of the invasion of a Moirang King over the chiefs of hill villages. In another account refering to the Moirang Kangleiron supplied by Mayanglambam Tomba of Wairikhun it has been found that the origin, migration and settlement of the Moirang and Khuman clans refers to that invasion mentioned above. The author aslo availed of various other source materials concerning the Moyons from other local scholars other than three mentioned here.

Many centuries long back before the Christian era the Moyons emerged in Sajuur, a place in the East, and then they migrated to Tungpujuur and settled in Inkamphe, and about 300-400 family clans settled there for long. Thus, in the course of their settlement from Sajuur to Tungpujuur their earliest ancestral King (chief) Thompungpau reigned in peace and prosperity. He died in Tungpujuur after a peaceful long reign.

When the Moyons settled in Inkamphe the Moyon king was Sapasing whom the Meeteis called Khuyon Tompok, Sapashing means the ‘only-born-son’. The place is known as Inkamphe village because it is a place or village in the valley where the Moyons used to hold regular feasts and festivals every year for the occasion of a competitive drinking bouts. In the Moyon language “phe” means valley which the Meeteis call ‘Tampak’ and “Inkam” means drinking ceremony which the Meeteis call ‘Yu-hongba’.

The Moyon village Inkamphe was on the south, north and western side of Moirang and the capital was just in the Kangjeibung (pologround) of the present Kom village Khoirentak. Till now the people call the place as “Rungkamphe”.

As such because of the Moyons’ indulgence in feast and festivals and merriments the Meeteis used to call the village as “Aage Khum” came to be known as “Kege” as derivative.

Why is it so that the Moyons use to hold such competitive drinking bouts and meat-eating? As per the social code of the Moyons at that time it was not allowed to perform the burial service accompanied with drum-beating and singing feast for any man who died without performing any of such customary feast and festivals when he was alive. For his funeral service no flag-bearmg service should be done.         —to be contd
This is an extract from a book written in Moyon language and titled “Ngorun Kuurkam Moyon (Legendary King of Moyon)” and presented during the one day seminar on Moyon tribe at Komlathabi village on May 29. The piece is translated by Bujuur Anchu Puh (Moyon Apex Body).

Courtesy: R. Angnong

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