By: Kaka D. Iralu.: 24 Sep. 2012 1:02 AM IST
With reference to your article “The harsh world of reality,” dated September 21, I do agree with you that the solution to a mistake is to admit that a mistake has been made and then “move on rather than muddying the water.” In Nagaland today, we are living in “muddied waters” because those who have made mistakes have, instead of admitting their mistakes, moved on defending their mistakes and muddying the waters into a thick dark cesspit.
In our history, in my opinion, the first mistake that was made was when some Nagas, against the expressed wishes of the whole Naga nation, embodied in the National Plebiscite of 1952, and also bypassing the Naga instituted NNC and FGN went and signed the 16 point Agreement which merged Nagaland into an Indian state. Yes, we got a state along with all its paraphernalia. But along with this Indian state, we also continued to suffer under the Indian heinous laws like the Assam maintenance of Public Order Act 1953, the Disturbed Area Act 1955, the Armed Forces special Act 1958 etc. On the eve of our statehood, we were further slapped with The Nagaland Security Regulation Act 1962 to be followed by The Unlawful Activities Prevention Act 1967and the amended Armed Forces Special Powers Act1972, etc.
Now, those who collaborated with the Indian Government were protected from all these heinous laws by the Indian Army, Paramilitary forces and the Indian Police. And as these collaborators signed arrest warrants, fine warrants, village deportation warrants etc, the muddied waters of Nagaland soon turned crystal red with Naga blood and Naga tears. To use your own language, these Acts and Regulations have continued to hang over the heads of every other Naga from1953 to date. As for the Naga who collaborated with the Indian Government, they got all the privileges of Bureaucracy and Ministership under the Indian Government all their lives and retired with fat pensions in the end.
The approximate proportion of those who got protection and those who have suffered, today stands at the ratio of one lack people as against one million and nine lacks. Most of the benefits from statehood were also pocketed by those who were and still are protected by the Indian Government.
Then there were the other mistakes of the Revolutionary government of Nagaland breaking the backbone of the NNC in 1968 to be followed by breaking of the FGN backbone by the formation of the Government of the People’s Republic of Nagalim (GPRN) in 1980 and the further breaking of the GPRN into IM and K in 1988. As if this was not enough, the NSCN IM’s backbone was again broken when the Unification group walked out, only to walk again into the NSCN K and break the NSCN K’s backbone into Kehoi NSCN and Khaplang NSCN. As to who did all these Naga backbone breaking activities, other Nagas are not so stupid as to not know who are responsible for all these nefarious activities.
Khekiye, at the outset of your article you had posed the question: “Did NNC lose its way?” In the light of all these facts of our history, I would like to ask you a counter question; “Who in your opinion, lost their way? Was it the NNC or the other breakaway groups?
As for Phizo and Adino’s elections to the post of NNC president, they may not have performed as much as the Naga nation expected of them, but at least, they did not elect themselves to that post. In the case of Adino, I do not know from what NNC Yehzabo you are quoting the rules and regulations for appointment of the President because the NNC does not have a separate Yehzabo besides the Yehzabo of Nagaland. In this Nagaland Yehzabo, nothing is mentioned about the election of the NNC President except for the President of the FGN.
The actual practice of the election of the NNC President is one where all the regional members of the NNC first meet and elect a President which is later ratified by the General body of the NNC which includes every Naga present in the General Assembly. In Adino’s case, Tubu Kavichusa, the General Secretary of the NNC, announced that the Regional Members of the NNC (Central Executive) would meet on 11th May 1990 at Kohima village for election of the next President after Phizo’s death. This Central Executive met and nominated Adino’s name for Presidentship. Adino’s name was proposed by the Ao regional member. Time was given both in the Central Executive meeting as well as the next day’s General Assembly meeting for nomination of other candidates. Even a specific recess was given by Tubu so that the various regions could discuss among themselves. But after the recess, when no other names were proposed, Adino was elected unopposed on May 12, 1990.
As for the Shillong Accord, I stand by what I have stated and will not repeat myself as my readers must be already bored by all my repeated writings on the Shillong Accord. If you however want to know more details, you can go back 15 years from date and check up my writings on this issue in all the local papers of Nagaland. You may also refer to my second book “How then shall we live” under the caption ‘The Shillong Accord and its aftermath- a historical retrospection.” pp 48-58. NPN