Sincerity without political will . . . is meaningless

Interview with Charenamei: Sincerity without political will . . . is meaningless

NTIMES 12 Oct: He is a Leader, Friend, and Uncle to many of us, a well-known political figure and yet who remains a humble man. Ladies and Gentlemen, we bring you Mr. Mani Charenamei, former Member of Parliament (Lok Sabha) representing the Outer Manipur Constituency. Here are his insights shared with NagalimTimes (NT) members.

 

NT: Good Evening! Sir

 

Charenamei: Good evening everyone

 

NT: How often do you visit NT group and how do you like it?

 

Charenamei: I do visit NT regularly and I like it.

 

NT: What do you think of all those issues and topics we discuss in social networking sites or groups like ours? Do they have any impact outside the virtual world?

 

Charenamei: The topics and Issues discussed in Nagalim Times are highly educative and enlightening. Topics pertaining to Naga Political issue are quite relevant to our present society and the divergent opinions expressed by various learned members has been very helpful in making many visitors to understand the Naga issue in perspective.

 

NT: You were a high ranking Forest Officer before coming into active politic, what prompted you to join politics?

 

Charenamei: I truly love my forester job, it has been my passion to work in the Forest department and I like to take up the challenges of protecting the rich biodiversity of our forest and I still consider myself as a forester till today.

 

In my life’s journey as a student activist and as a forester I came across different kinds of untold hardships and sufferings the Naga people in particular and tribal people in general were facing while trying to cope with the meagre needs of their daily lives. On top of innumerable sufferings and abject poverty the Naga people have been suffering from untold hardships and humiliation in the hands of the insensitive administrators and the unruly Security forces.  I also had a strong desire to help the government to solve insurgency in the North Eastern Region by highlighting the genuine grievances of various ethnic groups of the state in the Parliament and in other appropriate places to draw the attention of the concerned authorities for speedy redressal of their problems. I also strongly felt that Naga political leaders should not alienate the Naga Underground Workers just because they rebel against the Nation but should have a heart to understand them otherwise our leadership can be questioned by the people. My passion to help the poor and the weak had actually prompted me to join politics

 

NT: Do you think the Naga Youths need to involve more into politics?

 

Charenamei: I think sincere and committed youths should join politics however they should be aware that there will be temptations, hardships, insult and humiliations galore as they take up political struggles. However there is no greater sacrifice than working for the people who are in need of justice and protection.

 

NT: We have discussed and deliberated much about the Naga political issues in this group (NT) yet we are still without any substantial clue or information. Can you update us about the ongoing Indo-Naga talks?

 

Charenamei: Nagas are living in a sophisticated age and the number of intellectuals has increased many folds. Therefore, when we discuss, analyse and debate on issues pertaining to social, political or economic issues concerning Naga people vis-à-vis ever changing surrounding scenario, it is always better to substantiate and contextualise our issues with facts and figures.

As I am not a party to any of the Negotiating teams, I am not in a position to throw much light on the status and progress of the ongoing Indo- Naga Peace Talks. However, as per statements issued by both the Indian Leadership and the NSCN (IM) from time to time, I can safely say that Peace Talk is heading towards an honourable solution.

 

NT: What kind of solution do you foresee and when?

 

Charenamei: It is difficult to predict anything on the outcome of the Peace Talk and likely date of Signing Peace Accord now. But, I am hopeful that if settlement is brought to the decades old political problems, Nagas will be able live with dignity and honour as an individual and as a people.

 

NT: Do you think the GOI is sincerely working on bringing about a solution to the decades old Naga Political issue?

 

Charenamei: I believe that Govt. of India has been sincere and is sincere till today. But sincerity without political will to solve the Naga issue is meaningless.

 

NT: Don’t you think the frequent shuffle in the Ministry of Home Affairs for GOI is affecting the flow of talks?

 

Charenamei: Frequent change of Home Minister should not hamper the Peace Talk but what matter is, we need a Minister who can take political decision and who can take responsibility.

 

NT: We still vividly remember you spearheading and taking part in the rallies for Naga Integration. How much have we achieved on that?

 

Charenamei: The desire to live as a people by integrating our lands which is the common aspiration of the Naga people upheld by the Naga Hoho, UNC, Nagaland State Assembly and all the national and regional political parties functioning in the state.  I, on my part as a Naga, always felt that it is my bounden duty to support the Naga cause. My main mission as a member of parliament was to sensitise the Indian Parliament about the legitimate aspiration of our people to live under one administration and to highlight pertinent issues concerning the political, economic and social rights of the Naga people.

 

The demand for Naga Integration is not negotiable and the right to live together is the highest goal of the Naga people. The essence of our political struggle lies in the integration of our land and people. The fight for integration of our land and people has to continue with much vigour and must be pursued by the Naga public themselves till it is achieved. If our Land and People are integrated we will gain many political dividends.

 

The issue has been brought to the knowledge of the parliament in the form of parliamentary question and by raising the issue during discussions under various rules, by way of submitting memorandums to all the Ministers, MPs of both the houses both in English and Hindi version to sensitise the Naga Integration issue. The leader of the house of the ruling Congress party was forced to withdraw the infamous clause of the Common Minimum Program which said that the territorial boundary of the North Eastern state will not be changed. I think our issue is very genuine and legitimate in the context of the Indian Constitution and in the context of the criteria taken into account while creating several states under Indian union since Independence.

 

NT: Please tell us, what is Alternative Arrangement (AA) as demanded by United Naga Council (UNC)?

 

Charenamei: The demand for Alternative Arrangement by the UNC, apex Naga body in Manipur, as I understand is a demand to the Central Government to make alternative arrangement for the Nagas of Manipur outside the control of Manipur govt. even as final solution is being hammered out, because the Chief Minister and his council of ministers has failed to recognise the existence and the sufferings of the Naga people. The Chief Minister of Manipur has acted in contravention to the Constitution of India by deliberately dishonouring the provision of the article no.3 and 4 of the Indian Constitution. The Govt. of Manipur deliberately undermined the Peace Settlement initiated by Govt. of India for bringing about lasting peace in the insurgency affected Naga areas of North East Region of India. In 1964 the then Chief Minister of Manipur, Mr. M. Koireng Singh welcomed the extension of Cease fire operation to 4 Naga dominated districts of Manipur though it was opposed by the then State Congress President. But Govt. of Manipur, under the influence of the Valley people blocked the peaceful visit of Mr Th. Muivah, Gen. Secretary, NSCN (IM) to his native village by using the state security forces resulting in the death of two innocent students. Having seen and experienced the undemocratic, immature, arrogant and high handed attitude of Manipur Government and the lack of political will on the part of Govt. of India to right the wrong, Nagas have been compelled to say ‘Enough is Enough’ and started the movement for Alternative Arrangement for the Nagas of Manipur till final solution to the Naga political problem is found.

 

NT: What do you say about the demand for Frontier Nagaland by the Eastern Naga People Organization (ENPO)?

 

Charenamei: Underdevelopment of any region or area due to deliberate negligence of the state is wrong. All out effort should be given to bring the neglected region at par with the developed areas by providing additional funds. We Nagas should remember that the Nagas of Naga Hills district and Mon -Tuensang  area of erstwhile NEFA were integrated to form the present Nagaland state with the sole aim to empower the Naga people with political power so that they can take decision on their own for their betterment and development. As we are one people, our State Executives should be sensitive to the needs and aspirations of all the tribal communities of the state and they (Authorities) should not withhold or delay justice to the most genuine need of the people. And I think, our developmental issues should not be the main basis for demanding a separate state because it will weaken the process to form a stronger and consolidated federal political unit. Therefore my humble appeal to the leaders of ENPO is to have a second thought on their demand for a separate state because the Naga people under the aegis of Naga Hoho have decided to work for an integrated Naga homeland. The aspiration of the Naga people has been upheld by four successive historic resolutions of Nagaland State Assembly to bring the contiguous Naga Area under one administrative umbrella. And we should be also reminded that creation of Nagaland state in the sixties was a classic case of partial Naga Integration.

 

NT: Sir, your loss in the last election was unfortunate and it’s considered a major drawback in solving the Naga political issues by many. Any comment?

 

Charenamei: If every Naga is thinking on that line it is good. Here, I wanted to add that my main role as Member of Parliament was to sensitise the parliament about the seriousness of the Naga problems and to pressurise the Govt of India through the Parliament to find amicable solution to the vexed Naga issue so that hostilities against one another will be brought to an end and so that the Naga people may be able to live in peace, with dignity and honour like other people in rest of the country. I also considered myself as an ambassador of Peace to the Parliament of India. In fact, sending a Naga MP to the Indian parliament with people’s mandate itself is a clear message that the Nagas want to live in peace.

 

If we seriously think that we should have an MP to highlight our various problems in the Parliament we should not repeat the same mistake again because we cannot afford to put our people’s future at stake.

 

NT: Your advice or suggestion to the bloggers and also to the group.

 

Charenamei: My humble advice to the NT group and bloggers is not to use the social networking sites for venting personal feelings against friends and to criticise your opponents by using un-parliamentary words. But use the site for disseminating important information and for spreading awareness among the bloggers and other visitors. Always post only authentic information and avoid spreading unconfirmed news.

 

NT: Thank you very much for your time, Sir.  We look forward to hear more from you.

 

Charenamei: My sincere thanks to the Admins of NT and all the readers.

“If you have a Dream, Live it”

NTIMES 8NOV: “If you have a Dream, Live it”

Interview with Kario Issac

He came, he saw, and he conquered…….. our hearts. Most people in India did not know what mixed martial arts (MMA) meant. But that was before SFL Challenger India stormed into our living rooms. And with it came Isaac Kario, the soft spoken, shy and mild-mannered fighter from the North East. He let his fists and kicks do the talking. And boy did they talk! A strong favorite from the get go he did not disappoint and he went on to become the champion of the 1st SFL Challenger India. He hails from Senapati District, Manipur and is from the Mao tribe.

Here’s the Champion in person sharing his experience with you all today.

Nagalim Times (NT): Congratulations! Isaac. We are indeed very proud of your achievements and we would be very glad if you can share your success with our Nagalim Times members.

 

Issac: Thank you, and also for giving me an opportunity to share my experience here.

 

NT: Being crowned the First ever Champion of Super Fight League Challengers (SFL) India must have been exciting to say the least. How has life been treating you ever since?

 

Issaac: It’s truly been an overwhelming experience, more so because I had no idea a lot of our people had been following the show.

 

NT: Can you tell us briefly your overall experiences during the entire SFL Challenger season?

 

Issac: The entire season was for almost two months. We were locked in the camp, which was the training area and living quarters under one roof. Outings were once a week. Completely cut off from the rest of the world… no phones, newspapers, internet, tv… not even sunlight! All I had was a prayer book they allowed me to keep. Cameras followed us 24/7. All we did was train, eat and sleep. I think I almost lost my sanity! It’s a tough sport and requires fighters to be multidimensional and we had different coaches for that. Striking, grappling, strength and conditioning. Two gruelling training sessions every day. Was a weird feeling too, because you’re fighting people you train and are friends with. Yeah, it was tough but fun at the same time.

 

NT: We followed each episode of SFL Challengers with bated breath and you were always our favourite contender from the beginning. But when did you start to realize that you were in with a fair chance to win the competition?

 

Issac: Right from the start, all I thought was I’m just going to give it all I got and I guess it worked for me. Winning is one thing but at the same time, to truly know I tried, I think that gave me more satisfaction.

 

NT: Coming from the North East and participating in such a high profile, nationally televised show did you, at any point of time, face any kind of discrimination?

 

Issac: I don’t think so, I’ve heard a few of our people saying that I wasn’t getting much coverage in the show, which was true but I think it’s because I used to get real conscious whenever I was being filmed and kept hiding from the cameras. I never got used to that till the end!

 

NT: Who did you imagine would be your toughest competitor and why?

 

Issac: Once the fight cards were set up, I just thought about taking each fight one at a time because some competitors were good on ground and some standing up. But yeah, I knew Rajinder and Sandeep were experienced and were cutting down to 70 kilos from higher up and on the other hand I walk around at 67 kilos and was trying to get to 70 kilos. Mentally, it was a hard thing to fight Andrew in the final because we are real good buddies.

 

NT: People compliment your strength and athleticism but also advise that you need to work more on protecting your upper body, especially the head. What do you have to say to that?

 

Issac: Ouch! Very true…! The boxing coach said the same thing. I think I had the worst boxing skills in the camp and that’s what’s needed for a good head defence.

 

NT: Coming from a karate background do you plan to simply stick to that or do you have plans to increase your repertoire say by improving your ground game through Brazilian Jiu Jitsu or maybe widen your striking skills through Muay Thai, for example?

 

Issac: I can’t really say I had a martial arts background because the karate classes I attended was as a kid when I was six or seven years old. MMA in itself has evolved as a fighting style and I think I should try and adopt it. But yeah, I need to majorly improve my striking game so, have to work on my boxing.

 

NT: What’s next for you and when are we going to see you in the ring again and where?

 

Issac: Right after the show was over, I underwent a LASIK surgery and have been recovering from that. I’ll be leaving for Mumbai in the next few days to get back into shape. I have asked SFL to let me compete at 65 kilos as I am more comfortable there and hopefully fight a couple of SFL Friday fight nights this month which happen in Mumbai.

 

NT: Where do you see yourself in the next 5 years in terms of your newfound career? Can we hope to see you in the UFC one day?

 

Issac: Winning the show meant getting a 3 years contract to fight for SFL and that limits me from competing in any other MMA events. I just hope I stay hungry for more after that.

 

NT: In your opinion who is the best mixed martial arts (MMA) fighter today irrespective of the weight category? Why?

 

Issac: First fighter on my mind is Fedor Emelianenko, “the last emperor”. He really deserves his nickname though he retired this year. There are a lot of good names today but pound for pound, I think GSP (George St Pierre) is awesome. He is well rounded both in standup and ground game. He’s a pure athlete.

 

NT: At what level would you place MMA in India today?

 

Issac: A lot of big names have competed at the SFL events and that is creating a lot of curiosity from abroad. MMA is relatively new in India but I believe it’s here to stay. SFL has a lot of bollywood glamour, which could work in different ways but that sure makes a statement.

 

NT: Please tell us a little more about your martial arts background. How did it all start for you?

 

Issac: I’m more of a fitness buff and played a lot of sports growing up. I love basketball, “wasted” my college days playing it! Personally, I hate violence; it’s purely a passion for sports. It’s just my opinion but for me MMA is the ultimate sport and so decided to explore it. I knew I didn’t want to look back in life and wished I had given myself a chance.

 

NT: You had a nice cushy job at Jet Airways which you gave up to enter new unchartered territories. There must have been many naysayers at the start. How do you feel about it now?

 

Issac: My previous job gave me a chance to experience different things but I wanted more out of life. Initially, friends and family weren’t sure if it was a wise decision. My mom especially… she keeps telling me to give up even now. Heard that from her even yesterday! It wasn’t an easy decision for me as well…Lack of combat sports experience, job security and just before the show, I had dislocated my shoulder and was just recovering from it. But as I see it now, I’m happy with where I am.

 

NT: What would be your advice for young aspiring fighters who want to follow in your footsteps and participate in future competitions?

 

Issac: Keep it simple…With a little faith in God, I think anyone aspiring to follow the sport or anything should ask themselves why they really want it and then believe in their own reason. The mental outlook is really important. Be disciplined enough to accept “Die in training, live in the cage” kind of life. I say, if one has a dream, live it!

 

NT: Thank you so much for your time, Isaac. We wish you all the best and hope that you will bring even greater glory to your people.

Manipur Civil Services Exam is very fair

Interview with Rocky Pou: Manipur Civil Services Exam is very fair

NTIMES 9Oct: Manipur Civil Services Exam is very fair

Ladies and gentlemen, it’s indeed a proud moment for us to present to you Mr. Rocky Pou, who is one of the successful candidates in the recent Manipur Public Service Commission (MPSC) exam. He hails from Kodom village and belongs to the Poumai tribe. He’s also already an assuming yet hardworking Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) Inspector.

 

Nagalim Times (NT): Congratulations! Sir Rocky. We are indeed very proud of your achievements and we would like you to share your success with your Nagalim Times co-members.

 

Rocky Pou: Thank for your hearty congratulation and welcome Sir.

 

NT: So, what’s next? Are you giving up the Inspector’s Post in CISF?

 

Rocky Pou: Yea, now m waiting for appointment letter.

 

NT: What inspired you to join the Manipur Civil Services (MCS)?

 

Rocky Pou: The plight of our society, problems we are facing and the need to bring changes- are challenges to every of our educated youngsters. I, on my part feel that clearing this exam can bring me to the best option to work face to face with my own people.

 

NT: How long did it take you to seriously prepare for the MPSC exam?

 

Rocky Pou: One year.

 

NT: Have you also attempted the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) exam? If yes, what differences do you find between the two, UPSC and MPSC?

 

Rocky Pou: Yes, I had attempted UPSC exam twice. There is no difference between UPSC and MPSC in term of syllabus and pattern of exam. But the only difference is – the level of exam standard and competition is also tougher in UPSC.

 

NT: People usually say that for candidates who have prepared and faced the UPSC exam, MPSC exam is a cake walk. What do you say to that?

 

Rocky Pou: To some extent but not exactly. As syllabus and exam pattern being same, one can prepare both exams simultaneously.

 

NT: Being a service man yourself, how did you manage your time while preparing for the exams?

 

Rocky Pou: Working in active service and preparing for competitive exam is not that easy. However, whenever I get time, I devote myself to studies and that finally pay off. One of my colleague got IAS, by preparing during his active service inspired me a lot.

 

NT: As a State Civil Servant, what is the area you would most like to concentrate in as you serve the people?

 

Rocky Pou: Probably I will be getting MPS. Based on what post I get, I have to think and work out.

 

NT: Manipur has unfortunately become known as one of the most corrupt state in the country, compounded by many vexing issues both within and without the State boundary. What is your plan and strategy, if any, to tackle this problem?

 

Rocky Pou: Corruption is the greatest stumbling block and has eaten into every nerves of our state. This is a collective responsibility. I, on my part will actively participate to stop those evil practices wherever i can and will support civil societies who are working against these menaces. I feel that the issue of communities will gradually recedes as education enhances.

 

NT: What do you see yourself as ten years from now?

 

Rocky Pou: Older…..hahaha

 

NT: It has been alleged that bribes were taken as usual during the recent MPSC recruitment. Any comments?

 

Rocky Pou: From my own experience, I can assure to everyone that Manipur Civil Services Exam is very much fair. This doubt existed in my mind till the final result. But its all been false rumours.

 

NT: Do you have a role model?

 

Rocky Pou: No, but reading successful candidates biographies through competition magazines inspired me. For example, one of the IAS officer who got selected in 2010, was just a newspaper hawker and he did graduation in correspondence course only. Such exemplary works and dedications inspired me a lot.

 

NT: Your advice to students and aspiring candidates of various competitive examsRocky Pou: My advice is: If you have strong determination and will power, nothing can stop you from achieving your goal. Best of luck to all aspiring candidates.

 

NT: Thank you, Mr Rocky Pou, for your valuable time and we, the Admins, on behalf of all our members, wish you all the very best as you step up to shoulder your new responsibilities. We hope that you will continue to blog and share your thoughts with us. He is one of the active member of Nagalim Times and he you can directly interact with him in this group also.

Interview with Alemo Michael by Nagalim Times (NT)

Interview with Alemo Michael by Nagalim Times (NT)

NT: Congratulations on securing 61st rank in the Indian Forest Service (IFS) exam 2011.

AM: Thank you so much.

NT: What inspired you to join the IFS?

AM: I have always been very fascinated by nature and wildlife and have always wanted to work in this field. IFoS is one of the services that offer great opportunity to nature lovers and a service full of challenges and adventures.

 

NT: When did you start preparing for this exam?

AM: I started preparing seriously for this exam right after my M.Sc.

 

NT: How much time did you devote in a day for the exam?

AM: I devoted at least 6 to 8 hours a day. Consistency is the key to success. So one should be consistent and see that the time spent should be productive.

 

NT: Did you join any coaching class?

AM: Yes, I joined coaching at Rau’s IAS Academy for general studies and joined mock interviews at Evolution.

 

NT: Do you think it is necessary to join a coaching class to be fully prepared for the exam?

AM: Coaching institutes shows us the right direction and guidance and thus helps us to save a lot of time. The test series conducted keeps us updated and improves our writing skills. However, the benefit may vary from person to person. One can also succeed without any special classes if he is totally devoted.

 

NT: What were your Optionals and why did you choose them?

AM: My optional subjects were Forestry and Agriculture. As I did my B.Sc. in forestry and M.Sc. in Agroforestry, these subjects are my best options as I am well verse with them.

 

NT: How was the interview? Can you recall any interesting question from the Board members?

AM: The Board members were very cordial and friendly throughout my interview. Questions were mostly asked from hobbies, bio-data, my state, academics and current National issues. It is advised that one is well prepared on topics regarding our hobbies and bio-data.

 

NT: Who is the inspiration behind your success?

AM: The constant support I got from my parents, siblings, friends and most importantly the strength, patience and hope that God gave me throughout my preparation.

 

NT: Do you have a role model in life?

AM: None in particular.

 

NT: How do you plan to use this opportunity of a lifetime?

AM: This service offers a great scope with a much wider platform to contribute to the society at large in a variety of ways. So, this opportunity will enable me to deliver my responsibilities in protecting and preserving the environment and wildlife. It will help me to work and render my service for the development of the present and future generations.

 

NT: Your thoughts at this moment?

AM: I am so happy and excited at this very moment. I would like to give a quotation: “Two roads diverged in a wood and I took the one less travelled by, and that has made all the difference.”- Robert Frost.

 

NT: Had you not been selected what would have been your fallback plan?

AM: Efforts are never wasted even if it leads to disappointing results. So I will keep on trying and give my best in the next attempt.

 

NT: What advice would you offer to future aspirants?

AM: Do your work with your whole heart and you will succeed. All that one need is to be consistent with a focussed mind, positive attitude and faith in Almighty God.

 

NT: Any message to NTimes bloggers?

AM: Thank you all for your best wishes. NTimes is doing a great job in keeping our people informed and updated. Your efforts are highly appreciated. Continue to keep up the good work.

 

NT: Thank you very much for joining us. Wish you all the best in your Career & May God bless you.

Why the demand for Alternative Arrangement (AA) in Manipur?

THE NAGA PEOPLE’S MOVEMENT  FOR ALTERNATIVE ARRANGEMENT

The Nagas and tribal people in the present state of Manipur were a self-governed and self-administered people. A dual system of administration for the Hills and the Valley came into existence after the British annexed the Meitei kingdom in 1891. The tribal areas were administered by the political department of the British Crown.  This dual system continued even after 1949 when the Meitei kingdom was merged with the Indian Unionalong with the tribal areas without their consent, through deception, and under protest of the Nagas and other tribal people. Since then the story of the Nagas and tribals in Manipur has been one of marginalization, victimization, discrimination and domination. The imposed system of governance is resulting in systematic degradation and obliteration of Naga and tribal history, culture, identity and rights to land and resources.

Naga Rally in Senapati HQ

Why the demand for Alternative Arrangement (AA)

Because of the unmistakable facts that it is impossible to protect our right to life, land, time-honored institutions, customary practices and values under the administration of the dominant and communal Government of Manipur (GoM). Our history with the GoM has clearly confirmed the harsh reality that it has never recognized and respected the identity and dignity of the Naga people. Some of the instances are:

  1. Denial of right to proportional representation by rejecting census figures.
  2. Imposition of alien laws/systems such as the farcical Manipur (Hill Areas) Autonomous District Council Act 2008, Manipur (Village Authority) in Hill Areas Act 1956 etc.
  3. Land alienation under Manipur Land Revenue & Land Reforms Act 1960.
  4. Opposing peace by violently objecting to the Indo-Naga Cease-fire in Manipur.
  5. Ban on Peace Tour of Th. Muivah, Naga leader and negotiator to Naga areas in Manipur.
  6. Systematic state violence against the Nagas as exemplified by the response of the GoM to the peace rally against police brutality at Mao Gate on 6th May 2010 where two students were shot dead and hundreds injured from indiscriminate firings, properties looted and destroyed, mass scale atrocities committed and warlike situation created in Naga areas.
  7. Issue of arrest warrants and fixing of price tags on Naga leaders.
  8. Imposition of Meiteilon andMeiteiscript in educational institutions.
  9. Deprivation of service quota and violation of promotion rules in government services to disadvantage tribals.
  10. Imphal centric governance and administration; and concentration of all infrastructures and facilities in Imphal Valley resulting in the denial of access to basic services and amenities, such as healthcare, education, communication etc.
  11. Militarization of Naga areas where there is peace; and continuous imposition of Disturbed Areas Act  and Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act 1958 in hill areas.

Pending settlement of the Indo-Naga issue, the rights and identity, land and resources, time-honored institutions, customary practices and values of the Nagas in Manipur have to be protected and defended from deprivation, de-recognition, obliteration and distortion with an Alternative Arrangement. In accepting this responsibility, we have neither sought direction from anyone high or low nor has anybody named or unnamed given us instructions. We the Nagas in Manipur who are compelled to seek for the alternative arrangement have no ulterior motive other than the firm conviction that all avenues for rapprochement for meaningful and peaceful co-existence have been exhausted and therefore the best way forward for the Nagas and the Meiteis is to part as good neighbors.

What is the Alternative Arrangement ?

  • Nagas have declared to sever all political ties with the communal GoM. Because of the severance of ties, the vacuum in governance and administration created thereby must be filled with an alternative arrangement by the Government of India(GoI) in consultation with the Naga people at the earliest possible time.
  • Any arrangement for the governance and administration of the Nagas in Manipur outside the state of Manipur.
  • The Constitution of India is amply clear about the unconstitutionality of the territorial integrity of states and provides for alternative arrangements.
  • It is the constitutional obligation of the GoI, a democratic government to ensure that the rights to culture, land, resources, identity and dignity of the Nagas in Manipur are protected with an arrangement outside the existing state of Manipur, which has unmistakably and consistently imposed a hegemonic rule uponthe Nagas in particular and to the tribals in Manipur in general.
  • The demand for alternative arrangement is for an emergency intervention and must be urgent and interim in nature so as to accommodate our immediate administrative needs without any prejudice to the legitimate political aspiration of the entire Naga family. It shall not and cannot undercut and upstage the larger Naga national issue.

 

The Process for Securing an Alternative Arrangement

8th of May, 2010 :

In view of the war that was waged upon the innocent and unarmed Naga citizens at Mao on the 6th May, 2010 by the GoM the Naga Hoho on the 8th of May, 2010 issued a statement that “…henceforth, we derecognize any artificial boundary lines drawn across our ancestral lands in the so called Manipur State”.

15th May 2010:

Naga frontal organizations declares their commitment to protect the rights and existence of Nagas and to sever relationship with the GoM and all the dominant organizations and individuals who collude with it.

18th June, 2010:

Declaration of Naga frontal organizations of 15th May 2010 endorsed by the Naga Hoho.

1st of July, 2010:           

Naga Peoples’ Convention (NPC) convened at Tahamzam declared that the Nagas in the present state of Manipur will sever political ties with the GoM and demand for an Alternative Arrangement.

16th July, 2010:             

Confirmation of  Naga Hoho’s endorsement in the 3rd Federal Assembly of the Naga Hoho at Mokokchung.

9th August, 2010:          

Constitution of the Committee for Alternative Arrangement (CFAA) as per NPC declaration.

14th Sept., 2010:           

Based on the NPC declaration the United Naga Council(UNC) submitted a memorandum to Dr. Manmahon Singh, the Prime Minister of India at Delhi demanding an immediate intervention with an alternative arrangement to avoid any catastrophic consequences. In response, P. Chidambaram, the Hon’ble Union Home Minister (HM) initiated the process of the tripartite talk (TPT) of the GoM, GoI and UNC.

21st Sept., 2010:           

1st TPT held at Delhi and agreed upon venue of next TPT  and number of delegates.

3rd Dec., 2010 :            

2nd TPT took place at Tahamzam (Senapati). GoM represented only by D. S. Poonia, Chief Secretary and senior bureaucrats despite official communication that a team of cabinet ministers would represent the GoM in the talk.

–  UNC asserted that the 14th Sept. Memorandum speaks for itself and that it will be left to GoI to decide what the Alternative Arrangement would be within the ambit of the constitution.

GoI responded that issues presented in the Memorandum are legitimate complaints and that the fruits of democracy has not reached satisfactory level.

–  GoM stated its stand on the territorial integrity of Manipur. UNC asked the GoI to comment on the same as it is not constitutional. GoI replied that the sanctity of the constitution must be upheld and within its bounds any arrangement can and would be possible.

–  The GoI summed up the meeting as being not fruitless and that important issues have been thrown up which will be taken up at the higher levels and requested UNC not to shut the door for talk.

15th of Dec.,2010:         

HM met the UNC team in the company of Shri O. Ibobi, Chief Minister, Manipur at Raj Bhavan, Imphal. HM, GoI expressed happiness that the TPT had taken place wherein concerned parties have heard each other out and further expressed hope that the next round of talk would be more meaningful and fruitful. He also informed that he would issue instruction for fixing the date for the next TPT. HM further informed that the NSCN (IM) and GOI talk is in progress and that the GOM was also committed and requested the Naga Civil Society leaders to extend their help and cooperation to the ongoing peace talk.

May 11, 2011:              

UNC met HM at Ukhrul and it was agreed that the next round of talk would be held in May, 2011 at Tahamzam. It was also assured that the GoM would be represented by political positions as the issue is political in nature.

21st May, 2011:             

Consultative Meeting held at Taphou Naga village, Tahamzam to obtain opinion of intellectuals, social leaders, tribe Hohos, women, students and activists for concretizing the political position taken and to translate into a reality through democratic process of dialogue and negotiation.

Others consultations Series of consultative meetings, seminars, public meetings and interaction held with Naga leaders and also with other tribals groups for securing collective rights through democratic means.

30th June, 2011 :           

The 3rd round of TPT scheduled for 30th May, 2011 at Senapati on the intervention of HM was arbitrarily deferred based on the decision of the GoM,which cited delicate law and order situation following the visit of the Chief Minister, Nagaland to Senapati on the 28th May, 2011 for launching of the Manipur Unit of the Naga People’ Front; the non submission of clear agenda for the talk and absence of communication to the GoM from the UNC. All these are unfounded. In view of the evasive approach adopted persistently by the GoM towards the TPT talk initiated by HM and also the GoI’s inability to put down its foot on the delay tactics, the UNC informed the HM on 29th May, 2011 that unless expeditious interventions are made UNC’s position on TPT would be reviewed.

–  The 3rd TPT of GOI, GOM & UNC was eventually held on 30th June 2011 at Senapati. Contrary to assurance, GoM represented only by Chief Secretary and senior bureaucrats.

–  GOI stated that the Constitution offers enough flexibility to meet the aspiration of all citizens of the country. UNC stated the TPT should discuss what has been placed to GOI and constructive result would be possible by adhering to the core issue. UNC appealed to the conscience of the GoI to look at the merit of the case.

–  GOI conceded that there are different perceptions with regard to the way forward. GOM maintained that the territorial integrity of Manipur cannot be compromised. Anything within Manipur can be considered and dialogued.

–  UNC stated that GoI cannot be rigid on an unconstitutional issue of the territorial integrity of Manipur. It was up to the GoI to continue the process with a bipartite talk as the GoM has already closed the door for further discussion.

–  The talk concluded with GoI summing up that the clarity with which parties have addressed each other was beneficial. It lays down the need for further interaction as and when something substantive can be worked out. The sentiments expressed have been understood and shall be carried back to the principals.

21st Sept., 2011 :          

MHA, GoI,  in its letter dated 6th Sept., 2011 received by UNC indicated that the ADCs in Manipur are being empowered by delegating more executive and financial powers and requested for a brief concept paper defining the alternative arrangement for consideration of the GoM.

24th Sept., 2011 :          

The Naga people in Manipur recommitted themselves to uphold and reaffirm the Declaration of the NPC. It also resolved that the movement for securing AA for the Nagas will be intensified in all manners deemed fit under the aegis of the UNC. The participants of the recommitment programme consisted of the presidents and general secretaries of all tribes, tribe women presidents, tribe student presidents, 2 intellectuals/social leaders from each tribe, 4 from each frontal organisations, 2 from each regional/district organisations, members of CFAA, Naga Christian Forum & Naga Parliamentarian Forum.

29th Sept. 2011 :           

UNC responded to MHA, GoI letter dated 6th Sept., 2011 that the GoI may initiate the process of intervention with an alternative arrangement for the Nagas in Manipur within 20 (twenty) days of the letter and should the same be not forthcoming, UNC would have no option but to revert back to sustained agitation till the demand is met.

25th Oct., 2011 :            

W.e.f. from the date, one hour curfew was enforced by ANSAM due to non receipt of response from the MHA, GoI.

2nd Nov., 2011 :            

UNC Met HM at Senapati in the presence of Chief Minister of Manipur. HM urged to arrange for taking forward the dialogue process for the demand for AA as considerable time had passed since the last TPT and also to expedite the settlement of the Indo-Naga issue. UNC expressed strong exception to agreement entered into with Sadar Hills District Demand Committee by GoM on the 30th October, 2011. HM assured TPT would be continued. He informed that much progress has been made in the Indo-Naga talk and assured that decision on Sadar Hills will not be taken without consulting the stakeholders, which includes the Nagas.

22nd Nov., 2011:           

Rally to demand for AA organized in Chandel.

25th Nov., 2011:            

Rally to demand for AA organized in Ukhrul.

28th Nov., 2011:            

Rally to demand for AA organized in Tamenglong

30th Nov., 2011:            

Rally to demand for AA organized in Senapati.

3rd Dec., 2011:             

UNC met Prime Minister  at Raj Bhavan, Imphal. UNC expressed concerns that despite 14 years there is no settlement of the Indo-Naga issue and urged GoI to expedite the peace process for early settlement. PM stated that GoI is serious about finding an acceptable and honourable solution to the Indo-Naga issue.

– UNC also submitted that the GoI should intervene with an alternative arrangement outside GoM pending settlement of Indo-Naga issue. The issue is based on sharp social divide on communal lines in Manipur. Nagas are not able to live under the communal GoM and still protect their identity, their rights to their land, traditional institution and cultural practices.

–  PM requested UNC to continue the TPT and to refrain from adopting bandhs as means of protest.

16th Dec., 2011 :           

Ban on construction work of Trans Asian Railway line and exploration work by Alfa-Geo for period of two months to protest against the statement of the Prime Minister of India on territorial integrity of Manipur on 3rd December at Kangla.

21st Dec., 2011 :           

Copy of 12th Dec., 2011 letter to GoM by MHA, GoI endorsed to UNC received which advised GoM to fix date  and venue for next round of TPT.

22nd Dec., 2011 :          

One hour public curfew suspended by ANSAM on account of Christmas & the festive season and receipt of endorsement of GoI letter dated 12th Dec. 2011.

2nd Jan., 2012 :             

1st Federal Assembly of UNC endorsed the resolutions of the Presidential Council (PC) meetings held on 7th , 15th , and 30th Dec., 2011. As logical extension of the Presidential Council resolutions and given the situation of the Nagas in Manipur and the commonality in principle and ideology on the political agenda of the Nagas, the assembly resolved that the Naga People’s Front would be supported in the ensuing 10th General Assembly Election. It was not a hiatus but application towards severance of ties for an alternative arrangement.

15th Feb., 2012 :           

Ban on construction work of Trans Asian Railway line and exploration work by Alfa-Geo suspended till such time as the election code of conduct was effective and pending installation of popular Government.

13th April ,2012:            

In terms of PC dated 4 April, 2012, the MHA, GoI with reference to their endorsement letter dated 12th Dec., 2011, was urged to expedite resumption of the dialogue process at the earliest. No official response received so far. Informal communication from GoI indicates that MHA is sincere about the process and are trying to prevail upon GoM to come around to the negotiating  table.

27th April, 2012:            

Consultative meeting for the All Naga Students’ Association Manipur(ANSAM)and its constituent units held at Katomei, Tahamzam (Senapati) to update on the peoples’ movement.

28th April, 2012:            

Consultation with the Naga Women Union and its constituent units  at TNK village, Tahamzam to update on the peoples’ movement.

6th May, 2012:              

2nd anniversary of the observance of the martyrdom of Loshou & Chakho held at Martyr’s Park, Mao Gate and the position of the Nagas in Manipur for an immediate alternative arrangement outside the GoM, pending settlement of the Indo-Naga issue was reaffirmed.

8th May, 2012 :             

Consultative meeting convened by Naga Hoho reaffirms the endorsement of 18th June, 2010 and 16th July, 2010 for the demand for alternative arrangement by Nagas in Manipur.

22nd May to 25th May, 2012

Capacity building programme for Executives of the constituent units of the UNC, Naga regional organisations and Naga frontal organizations held at Ukhrul.

8th June, 2012:             

After the above series of the consultations, Presidential Council, UNC decides that movement for an alternative arrangement outside the Government of Manipur would be intensified. 48 hours total bandh observed in Naga areas w.e.f midnight of 16th June, 2012 to urge the GoI for intervention with an alternative arrangement.

11th July, 2012:             

Public Statement on 96 hours total bandh w.e.f midnight of 23th July, 2012  as no response from GoI to registered public protest.

18th July, & 21st July, 2012:

MHA, GoI communicates that matter is under active consideration of   the GoI and request for withdrawal of bandh. UNC suspends bandh which was to begin at midnight of 23rd July, 2012.

13th August, 2012:            

Public Statement on 96 hours total bandh w.e.f midnight of 20th August, 2012 as assurance of GoI not translated to initiative.

20th August, 2012:         

MHA, GoI communicates to UNC that GoM has decided to participate in the tripartite talk at Delhi and date of talk fixed on 31st August, 2012.

31st August, 2012:         

4th round of talk held at Hotel Ashoka, Delhi, where UNC expressed displeasure over inordinate delay in resumption of the talk process which reflects disrespect for the democratic process of dialogue on the part of the GoI and the GoM. UNC tables postulates of Alternative Arrangement. Meeting decides to have next round at early date in Manipur in the hill district.

The Alternative Arrangement is for the people    

Our position has been established and registered. Our case has been recorded in history. Forcing the oppressed minorities to be oppressed over and over again in the name of pluralism contradicts the very essence of Indian democracy and human dignity. Should the democratic process of dialogue initiated by the HM, GoI get derailed, the onus thereof would be entirely on the GoI.

In such event, it will become necessary to explore the option of securing AA without having to continue with the TPT. Nagas will then have to take up action to make Alternative Arrangement a reality in our land even if the GoI backtracks on the commitment of the HM, GoI and refuses to carry out the constitutional obligations to ensure that the democratic process of dialogue leads to solution and instead, allow the GoM to scuttle the process on unfounded pretext and become an accomplice to the perpetuation of their hegemony over the Nagas.

There is unrest around the globe today, because of the assertions of historical and political rights, territorial boundaries and demand for removal of unjust systems. Sustained movements have brought changes in the lives of peoples and nationalities. Should we fail not to learn from the lessons around, we can only blame ourselves.

The demand for AA is for all Nagas – young, old ,rich, poor, educated, illiterate, employed, entrepreneurs, bureaucrats, professionals, missionaries and church workers, ordinary citizens, leaders and members of all political parties, all political groups who are fighting for the people and the land. It is for all without exception. It is for our collective today as also for our tomorrow. The same condition will continue and our situation will not change if we do not unite and in one accord stand up to secure our rights and the future of our people. Instead of supporting and becoming the owners of this movement, if Nagas themselves become the agents of the adversaries, such crime will be answerable to posterity. If we cannot wrest it now, we leave that legacy to our posterity and indeed they will struggle too. But what is clearly laid out and what is possible today must be generously and courageously, and with vision and foresight realized.

The future lies in our hands and belongs to us.

Published by Publicity Wing, United Naga Council

 

 

NSCN-K to start peace talks for all the Nagas. Kitovi is only for Nagas of Nagaland and Muivah is only for the Nagas in Manipur

NTIMES 24Nov: NSCN-K to start peace talks for all the Nagas. Kitovi is only for Nagas of Nagaland and Muivah is only for the Nagas in Manipur

DIMAPUR, Nov 23: The NSCN faction led by SS Khaplang will start a ‘series of meetings’ from early part of next month in connection with the awaited dialogue with the Government of India. The NSCN-K is likely to begin talks with New Delhi in a couple of months’ time.

NSCN-K leader Mr. Khaplang

Sources disclosed to Newmai News Network today that NSCN-K will put up talks modalities like the “solution should be for the whole Nagas.”

NSCN-K sources said today the Khole-Kitovi faction of NSCN is only for Nagas of Nagaland State while ‘Thuingaleng Muivah’s solution will be only for Manipur Nagas’.

“However, we will be talking with the Government of India for the whole Nagas,” said the NSCN-K sources.

This development came a day after NSCN-Khole led group general secretary Kitovi Zhimomi’s statement that ‘any solution that may come about between Government of India and Muivah could not be applied beyond Manipur’.

It is worthwhile to mention here that a delegation of NSCN-K had met “informally” with Union Home minister Sushil Kumar Shinde in New Delhi in the early part of this month and discussed “issues”.

The NSCN-K delegation headed by the outfit’s ‘Kilonser’ (Minister) Wangtin Naga had met Sushil Kumar Shinde. The meeting was “informal”.

However, official sources had disclosed to NNN that a four-member NSCN-K team led by Wangtin Naga had gone to New Delhi by boarding a plane from Dimapur Airport. The sources said that what the Union home minister had said was detailed it to the outfit’s chairman S.S Khaplang. It is speculated that the “informal” meeting between the NSCN-K delegation and the Union home minister could be “to start the formal peace parleys” between the two parties which is likely to take place from January.

Speculations have also been doing the round that the “comments” of S.S Khaplang has been awaited. NSCN-K supremo S.S Khaplang is presently confined in Myanmar. NNN

Muivah’s solution only within Manipur: Kitovi

NTIMES 23Nov: Muivah’s solution only within Manipur: Kitovi

GPRN/NSCN ato kilonser N. Kitovi Zhimomi Thursday said that since the government of India has rejected- sovereignty and integration- any solution that may come about between government of India and Muivah could not be applied beyond Manipur.

Kitovi said this in an exclusive interview to Nagaland Post during the observance of the 6th Unification Day at GPRN/NSCN’s Designated Camp at Khehoi Thursday.

He claimed that the current talks between the NSCN (I-M) and the government of India was confined only to Naga inhabited areas in Manipur and thus, the alternative arrangement for the Nagas of Manipur had nothing to do with the Nagas of Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh and Assam.

When asked if what he would do for the “up-gradation” of Nagas of Nagaland, Kitovi disclosed that he was seeking the opinion of “my people, Nagas of Nagaland” as to what kind of political up-gradation should be prepared.
Kitovi also said Nagas have to be united first and for that the sixteen tribes of present Nagaland state should unite and create a space which could influence people of neighbouring states as well.

You said that you are preparing to begin negotiation with government of India but what has been your assessment of the current negotiation between government of India and NSCN (I-M)?

Kitovi:  The talk is only confined to state of Manipur in Naga inhabited areas. It has nothing to do with the rest of other Naga areas.

Muviah has clearly stated August 25, 2011 that integration is not possible at this stage and hence alternative arrangement for the Nagas of Manipur state and it has nothing to do with the Nagas of Nagaland, Nagas of Arunachal and Nagas of Assam.

What if Naga society in general accepts the solution worked out between NSCN (I-M) and government of India as solution to Naga issue. What would be your concrete plan or strategy in such an event?

Kitovi: Government of India, being a big country and a nation, their constitution is also very flexible. Although it is very bulky, it is flexible, but in the case of Nagas, the government of India has set two rigid conditions — no sovereignty, no integration. So any solution that may came about between government of India and Muviah cannot be applied beyond Manipur since there is no question of integration.

In your speech you said Nagas of Nagaland should talk about political up-gradation, if given a chance what would you want to do first?

Kitovi: I am seeking the opinion of my people, Nagas of Nagaland, to contribute their opinions, what kind of political up-gradation should be prepared and also ask the government of India what it could do.

In short, all politics is for the people but any solution, any up-gradation should be for the good of the people.
How are you planning to take the confidence of neigbouring states or other communities?
Kitovi: First of all, Nagas have to unite and as our president has clearly said in his speech that at least sixteen tribes of Nagaland state, present Nagaland state, should unite and create a space which can influence neighbouring people also.

What kind of inter-ethnic relationship you foresee between Nagas and other communities from neighbouring states as well as Nagas of Burma?

Kitovi:  Any arrangement with the Nagas of Burma is not possible today but with Nagas of Burma we have been living together and we have been integrated together emotionally.

Such kind of spirit has to be accelerated so that one day, the unity of Naga people living in different places can come into reality.

As of now, we have to continue extending our moral support and emotional integration with our Naga people living in Burma. With the neighbouring states we have been living together as good neighbours since time immemorial — same culture, same attitude should be continued.

Is it right to say that your government is completely focusing on Nagas of India and not of Nagas in Burma.

Kitovi:  Presently it is not possible to bring Nagas of Burma into our fold. They are also continuing their struggle as Khaplang has also entered into formal cease-fire with the government of Myanmar.

So, directly or indirectly even the Myanmarese government has recognized the existence of Nagas in Burma. We need to convince the people to recognize our existence and one day when our existence becomes international, undeniable then only, we can take another step but as of now to bring all the Nagas under one political umbrella is not possible.

Under all this circumstances when do you expect to begin negotiation with government of India and how prepared is your government?

Kitovi: We are expecting our negotiation with Government of India at anytime. The moment we start our negotiation with government of India, we will chart out some kind of format for our people — what kind of solution do they want from government of India in case it keeps on insisting that sovereignty and integration were not possible. So what step will be taken next, we will let young Nagas decide.

You have been stating that your government will let the young Nagas decide what kind of solution they want. Are you implying that young Nagas are more capable of deciding the future of the Nagas.

Kitovi: Exactly, they are more capable of deciding the future then the old people.

Are you indirectly implying that our older generation has made some kind of mistake in the past?

Kitovi: They have not committed any mistakes. Because of their sacrifices, we could come up to this extent but now they can only tell us the past stories and not the future.

The future lies in the hands of the young generation because whether we like it or not the world is changing –technologically, every second every minute. We are proud to say that even our Naga children are inclined to that so they know what will be best for their future.

So instead of going back to old people and asking them the old story who killed who and why and when, instead of knocking the coffin, it is rather better to talk something about future and what will be good for our young generation.

Kitovi says JLF should serve ultimatum on Government of India
GPRN/NSCN ato kilonser N. Kitovi Zhimomi Thursday opined that if members of the Joint Legislators Forum (JLF) were as serious for a solution to the Naga issue, they “should not file nominations” but serve ultimatum on the government of India stating that they would not contest elections till a solution was arrived at.

He said this while delivering a speech on ‘the present Indo-Naga political situation’ at the GPRN/NSCN’s 6th Unification Day.

Kitovi also disclosed he had told JLF members that there was no logic for Naga legislators to resign when an alternative arrangement was to be worked out only for Nagas in Manipur state. He asked what the benefits would accrue to Nagaland, if the state Assembly was dissolved for an alternative arrangement in Manipur.

Kitovi also opined that no Naga legislator would resign after spending crores of rupees during elections and that if the government of India was to talk with other political groups, they(elected members) would “ break it because they want to be ministers”.

He said if the 60 legislators were serious, they should not contest election but first ask for the solution. He said it was time for the Nagas to think “practically” and told the gathering that expecting a solution only from the underground was a “foolish thought”.

Kitovi also recalled that in the past, Naga People’s Convention(NPC) had signed the 16-Point Agreement, without consulting the “underground” and that led to bloodshed. He said the same happened when the Shillong Accord was signed. He reiterated that “today we will not repeat the same” and committed to a consensus among all sections of Nagas.

‘Sovereignty, integration’
Later at a press conference, Kitovi said it was crystal clear that the government of India has ruled out sovereignty and integration as the talks with NSCN (I-M) indicated.

“It is not me who is saying that the government has ruled out, but it has been crystal clear that Muivah has compromised, otherwise he should have abrogated the cease-fire”, said Kitovi.

He also felt that he has been hearing about arriving at a solution before Christmas since 2004 and pointed out that some people were trying to confuse the Nagas by stating that solution was at the door step.  Courtesy:  Nagaland Post