Teachers are the role models to their students

       “Until and unless we have dedicated and committed teachers who take to teaching as a mission in their lives, we cannot have a good educational systemsDr. Radhakrishna

We cannot deny that teachers are no more the role models of the students. There are many reasons why the teachers become the role models of the students. Teachers were the role models of the students in the past, present and they will be the role models of the students in the future. Today if the teachers are not the role of the students – there would have been young boys and girls who have been dropped from the school or college. However we find more competition among the students in their studies and career. There were some cases reported in the newspaper about the teachers misbehaving, raping, injuries etc to the students but those are the exceptional cases only. In some rare case it becomes difficult for both the teacher and parents to control some of the students. But it does not mean that all the students are becoming bad in this modern age.

Teachers were the role of the students in the past, present and it would continue in the future too. There are some specific reasons why the teachers become the role models of the students –

Teachers love teaching and the students:

Generally only those who love teaching and children want to become a teacher. As they love the children and teaching job – they are content with the teaching job and help the students in imparting knowledge and building their career. Teaching job is a very exciting, challenging and a dynamic job, which requires updating their knowledge – soft skills and other technical skills. There may be some exceptional cases that a person may become a teacher due to availability of job opportunity or no other option. But those cases may be comparatively less as compare to the number of teachers who love teaching and the students. There is job satisfaction in teaching job and there are always chances that even a person who has not much interest in teaching can develop an interest in teaching job.

Job satisfaction in teaching:

Anybody who takes up a job without satisfaction and interest in their job becomes a compulsion and all those people can never become the role models to others in any field. In teaching job the teachers get full satisfaction with their job as they find interest in teaching. Job satisfaction is also related to our interests, payment, recognition, respect, time factor, pressure in job etc and all teachers receives all the aspects that require for a job satisfaction.

i)                    Respect and recognition: Everyone in this world wants respect and recognition and teachers get respect and recognition as they work sincerely for the students.

ii)                  Payments: In most of the countries in the world give a good package to the teachers, lecturers and professors. In India also, the teachers are now getting better package than before after the VI Pay Commission. Every teacher needs money to survive and without enough money to survive – the teachers cannot become the role model of the student. However as they get enough payment, they continue to devote their time and impart their knowledge to the students.

iii)                No Job Pressure in teaching: There is also not pressure in teaching job; it is quite difficult to become the role model to others when there are so many problems and pressure within them or from outside. The teachers continue to enjoy their teaching job as long as they are sincere and responsible to their duties. The workloads for the teachers are also quite less as compare to the people working in MNC. People do not have time to talk or smile when there is too much work pressure. But in the case of teaching job it is different; they have enough time for the student and for their family.

iv)                Students are the crown of the teachers: Teachers get recognition and get respect due to the successful of the students. Students become the crown of the teachers and everyone looks for their own crown and pride. Everybody who is looking for their crown and pride would definitely work sincerely. As the teachers work sincerely and teach the students with love and care – the teachers become the role model of the students. All the students recognize and respect all those teachers who are industrious and teaching the students with love and care.

A teacher with right approach and positive attitude will understand the students and develop a good rapport with the students. At every level, something more is expected of a teacher than merely going to the class and giving an adlib lectures. The reasons to become the role of the students are clear and enticing so we cannot say that today the teachers are not more good teachers in India or in the world. Today all the great leaders and rich men are the product from the good teachers and schools. There are many children in India and around the world and the future of the world would be looking so gloom without the good and devoted teachers.

The present educational system is reliable and we have brighter future in our educational system as there many academicians and educationists who are working hard to improve the present educational system. Today we also have many committed teachers who take to teaching as a mission in their lives and we have great hope for a brighter future in our society. Every teacher has the hope on their students and impart them the best knowledge. The good teachers not only teach the text book knowledge but they become the friends and guardian of the students. There are many students who are successful in their board exam and other competitive examination, which clearly shows that the teachers are still the role models to their students.

–          Dr. R.B. Thohe Pou

Asst. Professor, National Defence Academy


by: D. Neli Koso, General Secretary, Mao Union, Kohima

To cut a long story short, during the 1940s, the Nagas in Manipur endeared themselves to leaders like the Late Mr. A. Daiho Mao, the then President of the Naga National League (NNL), which was the then umbrella organization of the Nagas in the south. The NNL stood for non-violence like its counterpart, the NNC in Nagaland.

The Late Mr. A.Z. Phizo and the Late Mr. A. Daiho Mao worked closely together, and both of them strongly advocated for an independent Naga – land. The Late Mr. A. Z. Phizo, staunchly opposed the Crown colony scheme, and spread this message in no uncertain terms, to whichever villages he passed by in the Naga areas of Manipur. Under the aegis of the NNL, one of the first flag hoisting ceremony of an independent Nagaland was held at the Inspection Bungalow (IB) at Mao- gate on the 14th August 1947.

The NNL and its leaders sought to integrate the south Naga areas with the erstwhile Naga Hills District of Assam. In this connection, the NNL boycotted the preparation of the electoral rolls in the Naga areas of Manipur, and the election to the first Legislative Assembly of Manipur in 1948.

The NNL decided, that no house tax would be paid to the government of Manipur, but would pay house tax to the then Deputy Commissioner of the Naga Hills in Assam. The Manipur government’s reaction was swift and in a premeditated attack at Mao gate on 27th August 1948, the Assam Rifles killed three persons besides injuring many, and in the process, the president of NNL, the Late Mr. A. Daiho Mao was arrested and jailed by the Manipuri Government. In the year 1949, the Naga Students’ Union Imphal held a large protest rally in Imphal , calling for the release of Messrs Late A. Daiho Mao and Late A. Z. Phizo respectively, who were both lodged at Dum Dum jail in Calcutta at that time. The Naga National League (NNL) in a significant move, then merged, with the NNC to strengthen its hands. My father remembers moving around the area, collecting thumb impressions from the rural folks, in deference to the famous Naga plebiscite, conducted by the NNC.

Therefore, should any person dismiss the South Nagas as non- participants in the Naga National Movement; would that not tantamount to heaping of insults upon both the dead and the living? I pen this emotion today, because some writer has in the recent past, been constantly carping and making light of the South Nagas’s participation in the Naga freedom movement. I feel that their participation however modest should be acknowledged by any right thinking person.

The Manipur Nagas still carry the cross, together with other fellow Nagas towards an unfinished mission, started by our leaders many moons ago! In retrospect, were the South Nagas to deem statehood to be of some value vis-à-vis Naga sovereignty; they would have accepted statehood a long, long time ago, but those were not the most propitious of times to be entertaining such thoughts. A signed document can be used to suppress us if the Indian government so wishes; I am talking about the 16- Points Agreement. Did it not bring about bitterness, division, suspicion and bloodshed? Was consensus for statehood reached amongst the Nagas then? Would it not have been better to be later than never? Temporal things were accepted in lieu of permanency, and a false sense of security was created; but at what cost? They, the Naga Peoples Convention (NPC) didn’t have a clue as to how deep the abyss would go. India successfully created a deep divide amongst the Nagas. This may rankle some, but this is the bitter truth.

Yes, extreme hardships faced by our people over the years, have sapped energies and resources. Nevertheless, I am grateful for the fact, that the South Nagas do not have the luxury of indulging in merrymaking and chasing rainbows. “The way to peace is not through weakness; nothing is worthwhile unless it is strong, neither goodness nor evil” Romain Rolland French philosopher.

Hypothetically, just imagine if the South Nagas were to be granted statehood by the Government of India (GOI); the Naga movement for sovereignty could be weakened considerably, as it did some 49 years ago, when the 16th Indian state of Nagaland was formed in 1963.The South Nagas still bear the brunt of the movement today, along with other fellow Nagas – yes, they continue to endure the long march to freedom in stoic silence!

“It is for the people to determine the destiny of the territory and not the territory the destiny of the people” Judge Dillard, International court of Justice in Western Sahara Case. MExN

Nagaland dependent on 49% of its people

Kohima | June 23

As per Nagaland census 2011, 55% of the State’s workers are cultivators; 44% of all workers are women (AP Photo/Yirmiyan Arthur)

Out of 19, 78, 502 people living in the state, 9,74, 122 have recorded themselves as workers, according to Nagaland 2011 census.
The figure signified 49.2% of the people work in Nagaland and the rest are dependent on them. Out of the total workers in the state, 5,47,357 (56%) are men and 4,26,765 (44%) are women.
Out of the total workers, 55.2% are cultivators, 36% are other workers (service, business etc), 6.46% as agricultural labourers and 2.34% engaged in household industry.
Out of the total workers in the state, 70.08% are engaged as main workers and 23.91% as marginal workers.
12 villages in Nagaland have 100% of the total workers engaged in cultivation, out of which five villages fall under Wokha district and the rest spread over seven districts in Nagaland. Dimapur has less than 20% of its workers working as cultivators.
Zunheboto has the highest percentage of agricultural labourers with 15.04% of the total workers engaged in the same. The percentage is below 10% in the rest of the districts.
Peren district has the highest number of women workers with 64% of its female population recorded as workers. Tuensang district has the highest number of women cultivators with 84.9% of its women workers engaged in cultivation.
Out of 1400 inhabited villages, 1088 or 78% of the villages have more than 50% of its total workers engaged in cultivation.

*Above 70%: Mon, Tuensang and Longleng
*60-70%: Wokha, Phek, Kiphire and Peren
*50-60%: Zunheboto
*40-50%: Mokokchung
*30-40%: Kohima
*Less than 20%: Dimapur

– Morung Express

Terms of Indo-Naga-Union: (INU)

The Naga political Case is completely different from all other political Cases in the North East. It is not a case of SECESSION because the Naga Case was born in 1929, long before India became Independent in 1947.

All other political Liberation Movement of the Indigenous people of the North East like the KLP, ULFA or those of the Khasis, the Garos, or the Kacharis and the Bodos may be termed as SECESSIONIST because they were part and parcel of British India before 1947 and of India for quite many years in Independent India after 1947 also.
But the Naga Case is not so; however, it would be better for tiny Nagaland wedged between several of World’s most populous and stronger Nations, to remain strongly associated with multi ethnic, multi religion and Secular, democratic India under satisfactory Terms of relationships.
At the moment the NSCN (IM) is under negotiation with the Government of India; they have the Fear of the whole of the Naga People but they do not have the mandate of the whole of the Naga People; moreover, they appear to be afraid of the Naga Public and have kept their Terms of their possible Agreement with India Secret. It is very very necessary for all Nagas to know, at least the Principle Terms, of the political talk they are conducting with India. Here are the Writers open personal opinions on the Issue:-


1.      On India taking cognizance of Naga claim of Sovereignty, Nagaland agrees to a UNION with INDIA for 100years or Negotiated Period, at the end of which Period India and Nagaland shall discuss the Issue for a mutually satisfactory settlement.

2.      During the Period of the UNION, India ensures the followings:
i.      Article 371-A is made non-amendable.
ii.     Similar non-amendable provisions are made to the Nagas in:
a.      Arunachal Pradesh.
b.      Assam.
c.      Manipur.

3.      India continues to put its Diplomatic, Economic and Political influence on Burma to give to the Nagas in that State:
i.      Freedom of Religion.
ii.     Freedom of Traditional Customary Practices.
iii.    Freedom of Movement for Nagas to and from Nagaland.

4.      India makes Annual Financial Grants to Nagas commensurate with; its growth rate.

5.      Nagaland is ensured special facilities for Foreign Education.

6.      For the first 50 years, People from outside Naga Community, not more than 20% of the Indigenous population of Nagaland, vote in the Nagaland.

7.      Non-Naga who has continuously lived in Nagaland and their descendants in Nagaland is treated as Indigenous of Nagaland.

8.      Non-Nagas in Nagaland Government Service and lived in Nagaland continuously till Superannuation have the Right to vote in Nagaland.

9.      Non-Naga married to Naga and their descendents settled in Nagaland is considered Indigenous of Nagaland.

10.     There is a separate Ministry in Nagaland for the Welfare of Minorities in Nagaland.

11.     Nagaland has a separate Representative of the President of India designated as: GOVERNOR-in-CHIEF.

12.     There is a separate HIGH COURT.

13.     The Indian Army in Nagaland is stationed solely, specifically and purely for defense from External Aggression, and not for any domestic purposes in Nagaland without the consent of the Nagaland Government.

14.     Indian Nuclear Arsenals are not stationed in Nagaland without the approval of the Assembly of Nagaland.

By: Thepfulhouvi Solo



Revoke tribe recognition notification: NTC

Nagaland Tribes Council (NTC) has reiterated its earlier demand to the state government to revoke the notification that had accorded recognition to the Rongmei tribe as well as the one that constituted a committee to study and recommend on the applications for recognition of tribes in Nagaland.

In a press release, NTC convenor P. Pius Lotha and secretary Theja Therieh said a coordination meeting of the Council was held on June 22 at Hotel Saramati, in which it had resolved to urge the state government “to come clear on the issue with its actions taken and intimate the NTC for clarity on record.”

It also resolved to extend unwavering support/solidarity with ACAUT “in their endeavor to deliver justice and relief to the citizens from the clutches of unscrupulous sections people.”

Further, it extended solidarity with the Rengmas in Karbi Anglong “displaced from their ancestral land” and urged the state government to take up the issue in all seriousness with its counterpart.

NTC, in strongest term, appealed KPLT to withdraw its ultimatum and give peace and harmony a chance. The meeting also resolved to adopt the NTC constitution presented by the committee during the session. NPN

Open Question to Mr. SC Jamir based on his article: “Naga Sovereignty Myth And Reality ~ SC Jamir, former CM of Nagaland”.

By: Jims Marchang
Dear Mr SC. Jamir, NO NAGA is claiming that we the Nagas existed from time immemorial as a ‘NATION’ under one government and single administration with a defined political structure (before British rulers conquered us). What the Naga people are claiming is that each Naga clan/society/community/village is/are:

1. Unique, because each Naga village is/was rule(d) and run under the headship of the village Chief [King]. (Hope you have not forgotten this, because these norms and authority prevail and exist till date) Can you PLEASE tell us when such ruling/exercise of authority of each village by the Chief [King] started in Naga Villages? Remember We have no exact record. No one knows the exact time, but it is for sure that such practice has been passing down from generation to generation since time immemorial .It could have been 1000 years or even more. So, you better agree that it has been happening since time immemorial.

2. No Naga village or villages or clan or community or society were ever ruled by any alien power or ruler or authority, except until British extended their empire and subdued over the entire North Eastern Part of India.

Based on the similarity in culture, tradition and above all, the willingness of all the Naga Villages under the cumulative leadership of all the Naga Village leaders, we all are looking forward to bring all the Naga communities under one single administration. What is the problem, if all the once independent villages wants to come together and form a SINGLE Nation? Tell me how Nation India was formed. Let me tell you, if you have forgotten. India comprises of thousands of different communities. Hope the list is not required to justify my statement.

Let me repeat: What is the problem with you, if all the once independent Naga Villages wants to come together and form a Nation, if not a Nation, at the least live together under one single administration. Tell me how states of NE India were formed or carved out from the then Assam. Tell me who decided which Naga Community should join which state (Manipur/Nagaland/AP/Assam). It was all DONE by the GoI. Neither were the communities of Nagas living in Assam wants to remained in Assam, nor the Nagas living in Manipur wants to remained in Manipur. It was all set and done, because GoI wants to carry on the legacy of the concept of Divide and Rule policy and applied it to the revolting Naga society as the whole, since Independence. We all know the history!

If you don’t want the Nagas to be united then, you should make your point crystal clear. What is the point of saying Nagas never lived as a Nation in the past? If not in the past , let us at least try to live together now and hope for the future, if not now. Please don’t forget that All the Nations in the world were formed by people joining hands together by forgetting their differences. If our people listen and follow to the matter of your concern, then EACH NAGA village or community should be living under separate administration (one for each village/community). What I can understand from your argument is that Nagas should not come together under one administration, but each village or community should stay where they are and run their respective villages. Is that right?

I don’t know why you always speak and write to bring division among the Nagas. Or at the least make it clear from your side that you don’t want Nagas to be united. Actually, instead of acting selfishly, please do something to bring peace, harmony and unity among the divided Nagas. We Nagas don’t have one common language unlike other Nations. But don’t forget that a Nation like America was build by both the Masters and the slaves, the black and the whites. In fact, the differences among the Nagas is so little, we have more things in common than differences unlike the blacks and the whites of the US. If they can unite with such a bond of love and bring glory to the Nation, America, why not we the Nagas who have so much in common spiritually and physically.

We all know that, GoI will never grant us a free and an independent Naga Nation, but I believe that we can pursuit for a single governance and administration for all the Nagas with greater height of economic freedom and support from GoI for better Naga Society. Don’t you think it is enough of bloodshed and fighting? Let us NOW hope and be an instrument to bring peace in our society. The only REAL worry that I personally have is that, the intention of the Nagas is good but the means used to achieve it, is not RIGHT. Extortion, Killing, fighting, hating … Oh! My! That is not the way to achieve anything. If the Govt. be not biased towards the underprivileged section and the minorities of our society; living anywhere with anyone is not really a BIG issue. But the TRUE problem in India is that the minorities are always crushed ANYWHERE and EVERYWHERE by our prejudice society. So, standing and safeguarding together among the like minded people within the same culture and tradition seems to be the ONLY solution.


Myth and reality of the Naga Political Solution

December 24, 2012 

by: SC Jamir

Nagaland has gone through a painful and traumatic period. The wounds are yet to be healed. Expression of popular opinion and the free flow of ideas has been a casualty in our land. For more than a decade or so, public opinion had been suppressed through what can best be described as ‘gun-culture’. The essence of democracy is freedom of speech and expression and this right was brutally suppressed by threats and intimidation.
Unless there is free speech, other democratic rights cannot be defended. Due to this terrifying ‘gun-culture’, the people of Nagaland remained mute spectators and helplessly watched all the negative developments taking place before their eyes in their own land. The psychosis of fear hung like a Damocles’ sword over the head of the Nagas. Nobody can deny that democracy was negated in Nagaland for a long period and the people’s lips were sealed due to fear.

There has been a marginal change since those darkest days. In the changed political scenario, different shades of opinion are gradually and tentatively being expressed, although in a guarded and round-about manner since the fear psychosis has still not disappeared. What needs to be emphasized is that enough time has been lost and it is now imperative that people should come out boldly to highlight the reality of the Naga political problem and fearlessly express their opinions and views. Silence is not a virtue when democratic rights are trampled upon. In a true democracy, the people are sovereign and any imposition of decisions on the people without their mandate would be a negation of democracy. This is the line that divides democracy from dictatorship. As the proverb says “No one was ever ruined by speaking the truth” and the Bible says “And you will know the truth, and the truth will set you free”.

At such an important and critical stage of the Naga political process, the people of Nagaland who are the real stakeholders of the entire process cannot afford to remain si1ent any more. They should now express their thoughts and opinions fearlessly and honestly:” on their political future. The most distressing and perhaps the most disappointing feature of Naga society has been, and continues to be, that no one dares to speak out their minds for the fear of violent reprisal. For over a decade, anti-social elements through their ruthless and brutal methods have sown the seeds of fear so deep in the minds of the Naga public that it has made them completely vulnerable and subservient to these elements. The innocent Naga public have become like bonded labour who are at the beck and call of their masters. Even religious leaders are no exception to this sheer helplessness. When that is the case, can anything different be expected from the soulless masses?

At the same time, can any honourable political solution be expected without the active participation and consent of the Naga people? It appears as if the people of Nagaland are being taken for granted and their silence, born out of fear, is being taken as assent for whatever is to be decided between the Government of India and the Naga underground. This is a most dangerous situation and is fraught with serious consequences. The people must speak and they must be heard, if an acceptable and lasting solution is to be found. It must be clear to both parties in the talks that silence is not assent. This myth needs to be broken.

The current political trend
It is evident that the Nagas are badly stuck in the political quagmire of their own creation. Except for indulging in blame games and recrimination, none of the Underground factions nor the Naga leaders have been able to extract themselves from this terrible mess. As a cover up, many of the leaders are trying to take shelter under high sounding English words and phrases which in fact do not carry any political significance. Uniqueness of Naga history, reconciliation, honorable solution and the like have become the buzzwords in Naga society today. All recognized organizations, as well as the underground, are singing the same tune without realising its content and implications. Various articles on the Naga problem from different sources continue to appear in our dailies, explaining the historical perspective from different points of view. These are no doubt useful academic contributions to help enlighten the general public on various aspects of Naga politics. However, they do not offer concrete solutions for the present. The time to hide behind consoling words and phrases is over.

The tragedy is that all attempts appear to be beating about the bush and everyone shies away from the real and basic issues. It will be prudent, especially for the Naga leaders, to be honest and truthful in their political commitments. Before the surgeon applies his sharp knife for a major operation, the disease has to be thoroughly diagnosed. Similarly, a major operation is necessary to treat the Naga political process and we must discover and diagnose some of the most important issues involved in the Naga political movement for a quick and successful solution.

Like the Israelites, the Nagas also started their political movement for a promised land. Instead of forty days because of their disobedience to Jehovah, the Israelites struggled for forty years in the wilderness and ultimately occupied their promised land. The Nagas were not to struggle in the wilderness because their promised land was already in their possession. But even after 60 years, the Nagas could not really appreciate their promised land. The tragedy of the Naga political pilgrimage is that these six decades have resulted in the complete destruction of all the cherished Naga values, traditions and polity. Naga society is mortally wounded and crying out from its unbearable pains without any hope of consolation. Except bitter tears, Nagas do not see even a tiny semblance of light to bring solace to them.
What then are the ugly features that plague Nagaland today? Do the people feel secure about their lives and properties? The common citizen in towns and villages is not secure and safe even in their own homes. Is there transparency, accountability, justice and equality in Naga society under the present dispensation? The fact is that we are being devastated by the monster of naked corruption, abuse of power, opaqueness in decision making and maladministration at all levels. Merit and fair-play have taken a back seat while nepotism, favoritism and discrimination have become the bywords of governance in Nagaland. The common people have been reduced to second class citizens without any voice.

The situation and the conditions which the Naga people face today is no better than the kind of life described by Thomas Hobbes, “Every man is a natural enemy of every other man as a result of which life in the state of nature was, selfish, nasty, poor, brutish and short.” Fratricide is the chosen method of settling scores by the so-called nationalists who are professed Christians. Killing a brother is publicly acclaimed, as if a resounding victory has been won against an arch enemy. Looting, extortion and cheating have become a flourishing and profitable industry in Nagaland. Are all these illegal and criminal activities the attributes of Naga nationalism and patriotism? This is perhaps one of the most crucial and critical political imperatives before the Naga people.

Realities of Naga Politics
Where do we go from here? Is there a light at the end of the tunnel? As I said, we have to diagnose the disease properly, before applying the surgeon’s scalpel, so that the malignancy is fully removed. We have to lose our fear and express our thoughts boldly. We must have the courage to face the realities and not shy away from the truth as we have done so often in the past. Let us have a look at the realities of Naga politics and the way forward.

1. Six decades of Naga political movement continues to carry the sanctity of the Naga Plebiscite of 1951 which was conducted by the Naga National Council under the leadership of Late AZ Phizo. Each and every Naga must understand and acknowledge that this is the only mandate articulated solemnly by the Nagas and as such that no other authority or individuals except the Nagas as a whole can claim legitimacy over it.

2. In a democratic country like ours, the political future of the people can be decided only with their knowledge and consent. Unless specifically, publicly and legally authorized by the Naga people themselves, no authority or individuals can decide the political future of the people of Nagaland.

3. Even after years of talks, why does the Naga political solution remain as elusive as ever? The Nagas themselves have created innumerable road blocks for an honourable solution of the problem. They have to blame themselves for the present political mess from which they are unable to escape. As far as the Government of India is concerned, all possible avenues were provided to bring the problem to a logical conclusion. Ironically, on our part, for the same people and for the same cause there was a mushroom growth of Naga factions fighting only among themselves. The naked struggle for power superseded the struggle for an honourable political solution. This factionalism leading, to a fracture of Naga society is the main obstacle for the Government of India in finding a final solution of the Naga political problem.

4. There are several Naga underground organizations which are espousing the cause of Naga sovereignty. Some of them have signed the ceasefire with the Government of India in 1997 and 2001 and the others maintained that they continue to uphold the ceasefire of 1964 between the Government of India and the Naga Federal underground. The Government of India is fully aware of the ugly dissensions within the underground.

5. It was openly and officially declared by the Government of India and also by the Naga underground that sovereignty and integration are no longer on the political agenda. If this is the present status of the political negotiation, the underground organizations are expected to tell the people without any inhibition the real status of the on-going political process. The statements that are made regarding the process have no clarity or transparency; indeed, they conceal more than they reveal. They cannot and should not hide the political reality from the public any longer as the people have the right to know the truth. The Naga people are fully aware of the contemporary political scenario in the world, in the country and in Nagaland. It will not be possible to impose any decision made by any group on the Naga public, unless it is done with their knowledge and consent. The people are supreme in a democracy. This political imperative needs to be recognized both by the GoI and the underground Nagas.

6. If we are attempting an honourable and final solution of the Naga problem, the Government of India should keep the door open for all the underground groups to participate. NNC, NSCN (IM), GPNR/NSCN (K) and all other smaller groups should necessarily be involved in the political process. Otherwise any ‘solution’ will be short lived.

7. Government of India should tell the Naga public, the real status and complexion of the ongoing political dialogue. It should also make the parameters and constitutional boundaries clear to the underground, so that there is no confusion. In the absence of the demands for sovereignty and integration, the type of political framework to meet the demand of the Nagas should be made known to them. The discussion behind closed doors has to end and there should be openness on all sides, so that the people are made aware of the ground realities.

8. The Naga people have waited long enough and any further delay in resolving the problem may lead to serious and unforeseen complications. This uncertainty and drift may give rise to new factions emerging under young and educated leadership with the help of anti-Indian elements. The economic growth of Nagaland, which has hitherto been stunted due to the uncertain political conditions, cannot be delayed any longer. Unless there is economic growth, fuelled by investment, technology and entrepreneurship, the rising levels of unemployment and lack of income generation will have very negative consequences, especially among the youth. Today, Nagaland is like a dwarf in its economic status, even among the other Indian states. A clear and settled political condition that guarantees safety, security and peace is essential to attract investment in the State. There has to be finality to the political process without loss of time. Having come so far, we cannot afford to slide back to the dark days once again.