By: G. Gwangphun, Social Activist/Researcher
The so called 16 Points agreement proposal of 1960, and the subsequent birth of Nagaland as the 16th State of Indian union on 1st December, 1963, had sown seeds of contentions by politicians dividing the house of the Nagas. The people and the land of the Nagas were arbitrarily drawn apart to suit and serve the purpose to the advantage of those who wanted to exploit the people, land and resources of the Nagas. The Nagas are scattered in Assam, Arunachal, Manipur and Nagaland of Indian Union and a similarly large chunk of Nagas are left out in the neighboring country of Myanmar. Unfortunately, these physical divisions have adversely affected the unity of the Naga people. The present deplorable shambles and fragments of evil design are at work benumbing the minds of the people with honey laden words and enticing false hope. No matter how sweet or needful, the formation of Nagaland Tribes Council appears to be, It is seen as a bowl of discrimination, to further break apart the fragile Naga society. Let us analyze and reason what went wrong with the Nagas.
The truth is, Nagas by name as a people are not Indian either by blood or by looks. Therefore, NNC was politically formulated and stood against the foreign forceful occupation and imposition on Nagas’ land and the people. Nevertheless, the Nagas were hypnotized, befooled or made drunk with the wine of Indian political gimmick. Consequently, the 16th Point Agreement of Bondage has made the Nagas, Indian since then. Now Nagas are accustomed to Indian political ethics and fully baptized as Indian-Nagas. That is the point where the Nagas fall tumbling into the Indian political dungeon/pitch. Here, the Nagas’ vision and aspiration for Freedom is lost sight-of or laid-off by some Naga-Indian politicians, not of willing decision but of compulsion under the spelled circumstance of India.
Reasoned that, the recent creation of NTC is seen as a good tool and ground to divide and confuse the Nagas at the expense of the good-willed Naga citizens and aspiration to live together. The rationale of NTC formation, as put forth by Solo is childish and outright denial of the left-out Nagas as per/by act of 16th Points agreement of bondage. The seed of separatism sown by Naga People Convention (NPC) has grown to a full stature in favor and wisdom of the husband; Indian. The rest of the Nagas outside the Nagaland state were detached to their own fate. Many Nagas within the purview of the 16th points Agreement were maddened with the alluring and appeasement provisions and captivating prospects in the form of article 371(A). With so much expectations and assumptions, from the given Article, some few Nagas of Nagaland are bewildered and blinded by greed-based attitude. They don’t care or bother about oppressed fellow Naga brothers who are struggling and suffering in great pain and humiliation under superior and dominant powers in the neighboring states. No right word can be found to adequately express the heartless and blindness of the Nagas. It’s too inhumane and shameful to describe the state of Nagas as a people. The eyes of reasoning, the heart of discernment and the ears of conscience must be opened to see, feel and hear the voice of God if Nagas want to live in peace, harmony and prosperity under the unfailing provision of God in their land. The fate of the Nagas outside the present Indian state of Nagaland is determined and left to themselves. The treacherous act of denouncing the Nagas by Nagas at the face is expressively displayed at the recently created platform of segregation. The motive of NTC is judged as a matter of antagonistic, sheer defensive, apprehensive, arrogancy, and unquenchable greed based political initiation. Should the face of the whole Nagas of Nagaland be carried by NTC? It is taken that the NTC has drawn the line of distinction and barred the Nagas outside the state by the divisive state boundary. The fate of the Nagas of Nagaland is determined before God and He will judge and deal accordingly.
Understood that, the Price of Nagaland state was paid not only by the so called Nagas of Nagaland. God knows. The precious lives, blood, sweats and tears and the pangs of the past Naga dreamers, patriots and National fighters from all the sections of the Nagas was the ransom, the cost and the price paid for their land; The DREAMED NAGA SOVEREIGN HOMELAND. Shri. Lt. Hokise Sema the then Chief Minister of Nagaland noted that the state of Nagaland was realized by Nehru to be given at the earliest as a solution to the Nagas’ insurgency problems. He stated that, “the Nagas also fought in the freedom struggle… Gaidinliu is the living witness to the fact”. Nehru also once mentioned that Nagas also took part in the freedom struggle of India in the figure and person of Gaidinliu, “ Rani of the Nagas”. therefore Nagas deserved to be treated as part of India and protected. She was then put in the heart of the state capital and cared for by India till her last breath. However, the changing political climates have defaced the mind of India and even Nagas dimming the history into misty clouds of corruption of all kinds. Sad to mention that the Nagas are dividing among themselves on the basis of Indian state boundary and Indian classified scheduled tribes’ provision. Now the Nagas’ mentality is engrossed and subjected to thinking in term of getting bread and butter from India, never think of producing or developing the resources within for sustainable and self reliance development. The Nagas are still failing to make their History proud and firm. Funny to picture that, today Nagas are repeating the history of ignorance, obscured living and a culture of Head hunting in the modern form of tribal distinction, classification, factional fights among themselves. All these ugly dramas are greed based motivated politics. We must shun it soon or we will soon be overwhelmed by it. What amazed me most is that, the general publics and many Naga leaders are seemingly being hypnotized and are silent by the drum beat and magical propogation spell of Thepfulhouvi Solo and Azu Newmai ‘s politic culminating to the formation of NTC. The concept sounds good but the motive spells corruptive and divisive. Should the Nagas subscribe to such projection? Let the concerned Nagas answer. Many innocents Naga leaders are being beguiled by his twisting and hypnotizing words. Many have been drawn toward his line of thinking. Solo said in his 8th commandment, that NTC is non-political Organization. What then is political organization?
The Motive behind his masterminding NTC is to oppose the Govt. of Nagaland under whose Govt. he has been working for long, fed and nourished by it. His own people’s Organization APO and now seemingly getting along with again, Tenyimia Organization where he belong earlier but condemned it recently, Naga Hoho because Naga Hoho knows him to be the clandestine player unstable in his principle, ENPO because ENPO stands contradict to his Interest in the state affairs and now gathering them around his ideology, NMA on women rights issues, NPF where he could not go well with, Nephiu Rio the CM he knows him to be trouble maker, NSCN IM, K, Unification or even his closely attached NNC because they knew him well to be self styling in his irrational confrontation against the Naga Nation. The last refuge is now to bloom in full, his resentful motive against the Govt. and people’s Organizations in the disguise spirit of welfare concerned for his branded termed word, “The Nagas of Nagaland”. In this term and spirit, there are many logics one can establish to form a mood or mind against any established understanding on unity, integration and solution of the whole Nagas irrespective of arbitrary state boundaries that divides the Nagas into pieces. The sweet sounding word of division, “The Nagas of Nagaland” the child of 1963 impregnated by Indian politicians is now shaping to form a separatist organization against all established Nagas organizations. Now gaining his ground, he has also established the rationale of NTC formation. His directives; “Membership should be from the tribe directly and not from the tribal Hohos” “NTC should not be political body…”, “The Nagaland Govt. could not safeguard the interest of the Nagas of Nagaland”, “The Naga Hoho, NSF, NMA, NPMHR could not protect the interest of the Nagas of Nagaland”, “Disgusted with the behavior of Naga Hoho…”( Quoted; Nagaland post dt. 3/10/2013). I don’t know why, ZPO the composed tribe organization dividing at home and is seen in the picture of NTC as piloting figure. Let us reason together on the above points and know for ourselves.
Regret and sorry to state that, NTC was impregnated by such cheap grumbling words consonant with some logical ideas and born as the legitimate child of the state of Nagaland in such a time they think timely. The reality is that, No govt, or NGOs be it DAN Govt, Naga hoho, ENPO, NSF, NPMHR, NMA or tribal Hohos cannot please every individual interest or for the matter all the people in every issues. Even the new formed NTC can never do so. God knows, the time for every right action to be attended to or blessed. No better Govt. or Organization can come up in such a climate of peoples who act irresponsibly, making good citizens silent in fear of confrontations. Any good govt. cannot run properly when popular opinions take the place of wisdom and insightful reasoning. In such climate, the ruin is in sight.
The Nagas see their stomach-size world demarcated as Nagaland state fed by Indian appeasement provision. What a sorrow to know that the Nagas of Nagaland have blindly forfeited the God given resources within and lazily feeding on the husk of Indian production or the crumb or leftover portion given them. Further, the Nagas till today are still blind to the fact and even goes on to roar or barking like dogs over the little left over portion even refusing to share with the marginalized and underprivileged group or communities of the same Naga family in the state of Nagaland. Apprehending that, their share of food would be eaten away by others whom they think are better-of than they are. What an absurd notion. The world outside the Nagas are looking at Dogs eat dogs culture displaying on the platform called Nagaland state.
The Character of NTC is seen as message or index of who the Nagas are at home. At the appearance of NTC, the omen of ruin of Naga society is made more visible. Nagas’ attitude toward fellow human being is made to be misread. It is viewed as devoid of morality and the distant past savage era of head hunting culture returned. Lament over the fact that the Naga society is suffering the pain and pang of destructive politics blindly being played against the conscience and moral of Naga humanity and society. NTC reflects the depth, the height and quality of Naga people; its immaturity and shortsighted politics. The motive behind the formation of NTC is purely political and not a tint of morality is considered. When one think seriously on it, he or she will conclude that, it is against the Govt. of Nagaland, the good will of the respective tribal Hohos, the Naga Hoho, the ENPO and the Christian Church at large. My question is what if these leaders are given the place, power and free hand to lead the Govt. and the people? If our Naga Hoho and Naga Govt. or NGOs cannot function or administer well as expected for the welfare of the Naga people, do you think NTC or any other Organizations or political party can? If the Naga society is ringing the bell of alarming because of the present Govt. or Organizations, we all must act responsibly to correct and strengthen the hands instead of toppling or dragging our own established Govt. and Organizations. Where does pragmatic logic gone out from the Nagas?
How can we grow and progress together as a people under wrong mental perception about humanity? Sorry to state that NTC reflects the social classification, discrimination, political dissatisfaction and conservative outlooks within and among the Nagas. It’s too narrowing a word or term to state by ourselves such as Nagas of Nagaland, Nagas of Manipur, Assam etc when we are all living defeated as Nagas of India and Myanmar. My opinion may hurt some readers, but this is how I am prompted to speak out the truth cautioning the Naga society of the impending grave danger posing the Naga society.
Concerned Naga thinkers and citizens are appealed to consider the matter as serious, implicating and endangering the Naga present society and future generations. Let us see farther and perceive the beauty of living together in Freedom as a humane people with the rest of the civilized world. It is possible and indispensable. The article is solely the personal view of the author. The intention is to strengthen the fiber of social growth, unity and to foster integrity, creating a conducive environment for early, lasting and acceptable settlement of the Naga political problems. MExN