NSCN-IM allegation peeves tribe: Poumai asks for clarification

Imphal, May 26,2008: The Poumai Naga tribe of Manipur has asked the NSCN (I-M) ceasefire monitoring cell convenor, Phunthing Shimrang, to furnish evidence to prove that the members of the newly floated militant group, United Naga Peoples Council (UNPC), belongs to the tribe.Shimrang had recently said the UNPC had been formed by a “major” who had earlier defected from the NSCN (I-M). The members of this new outfit are from the Poumai Naga tribe, who, he had added, had been misled by some vested interests to undermine the Naga political issue by confusing the innocent Nagas.The UNPC, that was formed on April 30, claimed to have defected from the NSCN (I-M) to safeguard the territorial integrity of Manipur and foster unity among the hill and valley people of the state. The outfit also said it would fight for Manipur’s sovereignty.

Reacting to Shimrang’s statement carried in the May 22 edition of The Telegraph, R.S. Danii, the publicity and information secretary of the Poumai Masou Me (Poumai Union) today said the charges were “baseless” and unfounded.

“The Poumai Masou Me strongly refutes the allegations and asks Shimrang to clarify in daily papers on what ground and evidence did he say the members of the new outfit (UNPC) are from the Poumai tribe when the Poumai community does not know or have heard of the existence of such outfit in the district,” a statement issued by the tribe said.

The organisation also asked Shimrang to furnish the list of real names, fathers’ names and villages if the members are really from the Poumai tribe and give all possible reasons behind the alleged statement at the earliest.



NSF regrets ‘ban’on SH, WSH

Posted on Tuesday, August 05, 2008 
Dimapur August 05: Expressing “shock and regret” over the recent declaration of the NSCN (I-M) banning the Sumi Hoho and Western Sumi Hoho, the Naga Students’ Federation (NSF) has appealed the NSCN (I-M) to re-consider its stance taken against the two Sumi frontal hohos in the larger interest of Naga people.

“While respecting the sentiments of both the NSCN (IM) and the two Sumi Hohos, we sincerely believe that any differences under any circumstances have to be resolved through mutual respect and understanding,” NSF president Imchatoba Imchen in a press release said. Stating that anything that lacked mutual respect would not serve any purpose, NSF added “our society is too small and such actions will only further make us smaller and weaker. We cannot afford to lessen and devastate our already weak and torn apart society any further.”


Ao Senden appeals

Posted on Monday, August 04, 2008 @ 
Dimapur August 04: Ao Senden has urged the Sumi Hoho and NSCN (I-M) to come forward and sit across the table to resolve “aggravated impasse” between the two parties in the spirit of true reconciliation, in the larger interest of Naga people.

“The Ao Senden remind our fellow Nagas that at this crucial juncture every inch of our might is needed for strengthening and taking the movement forward and not for conflicting amongst our fellow Nagas,” Ao Senden said in a press statement issued by its president Temjenkaba and general secretary Temjen Paul.


PAC plea to NSCN (I-M) to lift ‘ban’

Posted on Monday, August 04, 2008 
Dimapur August 04: Political Affairs Committee (PAC) of DAN has appealed to the NSCN (I-M) to lift the ban imposed on the Sumi Hoho and Western Sumi Hoho (WSH) and said differences, if any, should be resolved through dialogue in the spirit of reconciliation and forgiveness.

Chairman, PAC, Dr. TM Lotha in a press release said the PAC was against the banning of any civil society group and social organizations by underground factions in any manner, since the need of the hour for the Nagas was not to distance themselves from one another but for all sections to work towards understanding and oneness.
“Towards this end, the PAC has been working overtime meeting all the underground factions, various civil societies and tribal hohos to bring about reconciliation and unity among the Nagas so as to facilitate the fnal solution to the Naga political issue,” Lotha said. He also said that banning each other would only hamper the goal of reconciliation and unity.
Meanwhile, lauding the initiative of the Forum for Naga Reconciliation (FNR) instituted through the efforts of civil societies and the Church, PAC also congratulated the Forum for the “progress” made in the previous two Chiang Mai meets and wished the Forum all success.
PAC also urged all citizens to extend their fullest support and cooperation to the Forum so that the longing of the Naga people for peace was achieved.
Further, PAC appealed to all underground factions to maintain restraint and to totally stop fratricidal killings, as “fratricidal killings are only creating more hatred and distrust within the Naga family.”
“If the underground groups are sincere in their claim that they represent the aspiration of the people, they should listen to the voice of the Naga people,” PAC said.


Urgent need to activate the Naga reconciliation commission:Prongo Keishing

 Letter to the president Naga Hoho and president Nagaland Christian Forum

1. Reactivated Naga reconciliation commission most urgent need of the hour 

 We address this appeal to you, out of our deep concern and sense of duty to the collective interests and well-being of the Naga People. Thereby at the very outset we would state our view and opinion, which is shared by an overwhelming majority of our people and our friends and well wishers, that there is an imperative and pressing need to reactivate the Naga reconciliation process without further delay and loss of vital time. And therefore there is need to activate the Naga Reconciliation Commission, immediately at the earliest. The Commission will, in all probability be reconstituted and reorganized, based on our experience and learning since the time of the combined Naga National Reconciliation function in Kohima on December 20, 2001. The point we are stressing is that if it was felt to be the need of the hour in 2001 or 2003, then it so remains today with undeniable urgency, in September 2007. The Naga Reconciliation Commission needs to be reactivated before Christmas 2007.

We follow with a brief recap and certain observations and specific suggestions for your worthy consideration and action.

2. Brief recap

The Naga Reconciliation Process was agreed upon as a solemn pledge taken by Naga Tribe Leaders on December 20′ 200I, at the combined Naga National Reconciliation function in Kohima.

The first anniversary of the Combined Naga National Reconciliation function was held on December 19 – 20, 2002 at a joint meeting of the Naga Hoho, Church leaders, Nagaland Christian Forum, Naga Students’ Federation, Naga Mothers Association, NPMHR, etc. at Kohima.

At this meeting, it was decided to dissolve the earlier Co – ordination Committee on Naga Reconciliation and to entrust the Naga Hoho and the Nagaland Christian Forum to appoint a smaller body to work for Naga Reconciliation.

The work of the new Naga Reconciliation Commission was to carry forward the message of Naga Reconciliation as solemnly pledged by Naga Tribe Leaders on December 20′ 2001, and the declaration signed by 132 Naga Leaders representing more than 35 Tribes / Sub-Tribes, on that occasion.

The Naga Reconciliation Committee was appointed at a joint meeting or the Naga Hoho and Naga Christian Forum on April 9, 2003. The Committee met on April 21′ 2003, decided to accept the responsibility and made certain proposals. It felt that it would be more appropriate that it be made a Commission.

The Mission Statement for the Naga Reconciliation Commission, dated May 23, 2003 was “to realize the Reconciliation among Naga People as declared on December 20′ 2001”.

The Commission began its preparations in right earnest. However, there were cir*****stances and reasons, why it became necessary to signal a “Go Slow”. And a little later the Commission members decided to tender their resignation and did so. We are not entering into details thereof.

3. A few observations

We accept that there were cir*****stances and reasons why the members of the Naga Reconciliation Commission decided that they should resign, so soon after having accepted their appointment and the precious responsibility thereof.

We are certain that they were guided by the highest moral principles. The fact remains that the void created by their resignation has not furthered the process of reconciliation. The void has not been filled since the resignation and divisions within the Nagas remain and differences and disagreements are not reduced & probably grown further.

Therefore the Reconciliation Process and the Naga Reconciliation Commission are needed even more today than before.

It is also necessary to reflect our learning for our guidance in the future. Some of our thoughts and suggestions are shared below for your worthy consideration and possible improvement.

4. Our learning:

4. 1. One of the major reasons for forming the Naga reconciliation commission and its role:

It may perhaps be accepted that the urgency of Naga reconciliation was felt acutely in the context ‘of the Peace Process and the on-going Peace Talks. As express by the Commission they are two sides of the same coin.

The Naga Leaders and people and various social organizations are aware that there are internal divisions within the Nagas. And those factional conflicts, including violent conflicts are a reality. And there is a general awareness that these factional differences are affecting the Peace Process. In that, the Naga people are not able to speak with one voice and the Church and the Social Organizations have been striving to bring about reconciliation for a long time.

It is against this backdrop that the combined Naga National Reconciliation event of December 2001, eventually led to the formation of the Naga Reconciliation Commission. Conflict is the reason. Unity is the desired ideal and aim.

Thereby the Naga Reconciliation Commission is the highest instituted Mediator in the internal conflicts under reference. There are also lesser but real other conflicts. The commission’s role is or involves conflict mediation and conflict resolution/transformation. Fortunately trained expertise for this is available within the Commission in the person of Rev. Kari Longchar and outside the Commission, for example Rev. Pongsing Konyak. There may be others also. The Naga Reconciliation Commission may certainly consider making use of such available expertise.

4. 2. Mediating conflict

To be able to function effectively, it is eminently necessary to ensure that parties to the conflict generally accept the Mediator: In this instance for the Naga Reconciliation Commission, and its members, without any reflection on the integrity and honour of individual members, it is necessary to ascertain and secure acceptance by the parties involved. We have learned that considerations of merit and appointment by leaders, key social organizations, even the Naga Hoho and Nagaland Christian Forum may not ensure acceptance. But our Mission demands acceptability and acceptance.

It is not the task and responsibility or the Commission to ensure this. In this instance, the Naga Hoho and the Naga Christians Forum, being so authorized and charged by the other social organizations will need to arrive at a final list of members from a larger list of willing persons after duly consulting the major conflicting parties concerned. This is necessary for effective functioning of the Naga reconciliation Commission.

4.3. Dealing with criticism and critical issues as may arise

We have experienced the criticism of the work of the commission or members thereof may be encountered. We need to ensure that the Commission is protected from such criticism and not left to fend for itself.

Once the Commission is installed, it needs to be protected against being drawn into critical exchange with anyone at all. It must also be protected from directly responding to criticism which cannot be ruled out and is to be expected and to be prepared for.

It may be appropriate, for instance, that a designated spokesperson or the Naga Hoho and the Nagaland Christian Forum deal with such issues. Clarifications generally may be given by the spokesperson, until an alternative is established,

4. 4. The need to work together

We should be prepared to reconsider the issue of autonomy a little. Autonomy will be ensured. However, for the strength and success of the Commission, the Naga Hoho, the Nagaland Christian Forum and the Naga Reconciliation Commission will need to work close to one another and always with one voice. Without allowing anything to cause differences that need to be publicly expressed or converted into non-function.

In other words the Mediator or Reconciler will need to demonstrate that they have the capacity to deal with internal problems and differences; even conflict, without letting it affect the “Mission” which must continue until it is fulfilled!

4.5. The strength of the Naga reconciliation commission

The Naga Reconciliation Commission draws its strength and its moral power, certainly from the integrity of and high standing and regard enjoyed by individual members. However, in the context of the situation leading to its appointment, the Commission draws it strength and power of function and influence because they are appointed jointly by the Naga Hoho and the Nagaland Christian Forum, being themselves so authorized to do by leaders and representatives of various Tribes and Church leaders who took a solemn pledge on December 20′ 200I and the organizations who participated in the first anniversary of the combined Naga National Reconciliation Function on 1920 December 2002 viz. in addition to the Naga Hoho and the Nagaland Christian forum, Naga Students Federation, Naga Mother Association, NPMHR, etc,

In a way therefore, it may be a very good practice for the organizations to so meet every year to hear the report of the Commission and to review the progress and the situation and to consider what needs to be done to further strengthen and reinforce the commission. However, other modalities may be considered.

4.6. System and procedures

With all the respect and commiseration for the hurt feelings of the Commission members for reasons explained by them and no doubt, perhaps similar hurt feelings in the Naga Hoho and the Nagaland Christian Forum which the resignation of the Commission members may have given rise to, our submission is that it will be necessary to formulate simple but clear rules and procedures for dealing with such situations and thereby to guard against dis-function/non-function of the Reconciliation Commission.’

5. Organization: Functional support teams to assist the Naga reconciliation commission.

Good organization will be an important and perhaps key factor in ensuring effective functioning and success’ of the Naga Reconciliation Commission. And it is an established fact or Naga tradition, that Naga people are good organizers.

From our experience, we need to acknowledge at the Naga Reconciliation Commission, rather than being looked upon as quote, “A smaller body to work for Naga reconciliation,” will, in all probability need and benefit from the assistance of specific functional support teams. For example:

1. Situation monitoring/conflict watch team: to continuously collect and collate information relating to the conflicts at hand and related issues for routinely briefing Commission members.

2. Conflict analysis and strategy team: with reference the main conflicts. But also other serious conflict/Issues. With counsel, purposes succeed.

3. Quick response/diplomatic intervention teams (NMA and NWUM, etc. for example): It is vitally important that communication never breaks down. Dialogue must continue even when tempers flare-up and tensions grow or one or the other party threatens withdrawal/non-co-operation. We need persuasive power.

4. Public information team: Support of the people and their continuing interest and zeal for the Reconciliation Process necessitate that they be kept informed especially on the, positives and progress.

5. Regional/district support teams and centres: They can keep the people informed of positives. It is good to be in a position to express appreciation for co-operation and good actions of the parties we are in the endeavor of reconciling. They will also undertake a programme for local resource mobilization. Part of this, church based?

6. Resource mobilization co – ordination team: to co-ordinate efforts of regional/district teams. Correct procedures and high standard of accountability are a must. Hence regular audit as generally practiced in the Naga Community everywhere.

We do urge the Naga Hoho and Nagaland Christian Forum to grow this, their due consideration. However, it is necessary to begin with whatever available human resources and build as we go along.

6. Resources for the Naga reconciliation commission .

Evidently, as has been appreciated by the Naga Hoho, Nagaland Christian Forum and the Commission members, this work will need more resources than people’s voluntary contributions.

Certainly the social organizations may be expected to share resources/personnel etc.

In this connection, our submission and respectful suggestion is that while it is good to make this Reconciliation Process, people based and people financed, why exclude the government? The Government is of the people and for the people. Government is a prime stake-holder in peace making and reconciliation. And as a matter of principle, governments, everywhere in the world, should contribute to expenditure on peace and reconciliation and not only war/insurgency/counter insurgency. This is also an enlightened aspect of reconciliation in view of global realities and changes needed in our government thinking.

7. Reconciliation: A spiritual commitment

The essential point, however, is that, on the one hand, Naga Reconciliation is high priority need of the hour and on the other hand, those who seek reconciliation and those, who being entrusted with the onerous task of guiding the reconciliation process, may not expect this to be work without pain and suffering. This may also be a cross. If so, it has to be carried. Not cast down. And the day shall dawn, let us pray, that thorns shall turn into f1owers. That is our Hope, though there cannot be any guarantee. Let us so to our appointed task and duty with a robust spirit. Let us encourage the Commission and its members in everyway possible to continue this difficult but laudable work until the mission is fulfilled i.e. reconciliation are realized as articulated in the mission statement. Let us be resolved that ordinarily no one may resign from this work until so agreed by the appointing body under any special circumstances.

And with our prayers and good wishes and assurance of cooperation through you, we urge the Naga Hoho and the Nagaland Christian Forum to activate once more the Naga Reconciliation Commission at the earliest and certainly before Christmas 2007.

Rejoinder to NSCN (IM)

Rejoinder to NSCN (IM)

Apropos the article, ‘NSCN (IM) response to the NSCN (K), FGN’ published in some local dailies on July 27′ 2007, the FGN is prompted to state the following for the introspection of NSCN (IM) and discernment of the public.

Firstly, the NNC/FGN is ever committed to uphold and defend the sovereignty of Nagaland. But the NSCN (IM) is only demanding and fighting for a greater Nagalim to have a federal relationship with India.

The NSCN (IM) is the one which deviated from the main course of the Naga national stream. Using the Shillong Accord of 1975 as the main justification they are killing our own people for the past 27 years since 1980. But now what had made them to turn the tables overnight. Let our people think over what they are doing in Phek district by joining forces with the Shillong Accord Transit Peace campers whom they accuse. Let the NSCN (IM) explain to our people what is the difference between the Shillong Accord where the accordists accepted the constitution of India and the NSCN (IM) demand for a greater Nagalim to have a federal relationship with India

Do the Nagas stand for this cause or for sovereignty which our people pledged to uphold in the historic plebiscite of May 16′ 1951.

If the NSCN (IM) is confused. Let them understand that there is only one NNC/FGN. Shillong Accord Transit Peace campers are rehabilitated people by India. Nagas must clearly know the truth and be no longer confused by the utterance pf these people.


L.K Pishen

Dy. Secretary

Federal Govt. of Nagaland

Transparency Seekers plea to Governor

Transparency Seekers plea to Governor

With due respect, the Transparency Seekers would like to bring to your esteem knowledge the arbitrary actions of the Nagaland Public Service Commission (NPSC) in its Nagaland Civil Service (NCS) and Allied Service Preliminary Examination, 2007 and thereof immediate intervention and necessary action.

Your Excellency, the Transparency Seekers is a group of candidates of NCS and Allied Service Preliminary Examination 2007 conducted by the NPSC and seeking for justice and fairness in good spirit of competitive examination.

In the NCS and Allied Service Preliminary Examination, 2007, there were 200 questions carrying two marks each, making 400 marks in total. The cut-off mark declared by the NPSC is set at 208 marks (ie, 104 questions) for general category. However, the cut-off mark for backward category (ie, tribe wise) has not been declared.

Your Excellency, we have found many discrepancies in the questions of NCS and Allied Services Preliminary Examination 2007 and for which we have moved the Gauhati High Court, Kohima Bench for releasing the Model Answer Paper (MAP). The honourable court by its order dated June 28 2007 directed the NPSC to furnish the same (Enclosure-I) within seven days time. The MAP was obtained by us from the NPSC on July 5, 2007 (Enclosure-II).

The correct answers defected to be wrong in the MAP as furnished by the NPSC, we represent to the secretary, NPSC through our letter dated July 6, 2007 and July 12, 2007 (Enclosure-III & IV) pointing out fifteen anomalies and clarification of the same. However, to our dismay, the NPSC replied the same and published in a local daily, dated July 14, 2007. In the publication, the NPSC replied with “regretted” three questions and “no anomalies” for the rest. We were dissatisfied with the simplicity of the reply without any proper clarification and sources it referred from. Therefore, we again represented to the NPSC through our letter dated July 16, 2007 to justify with reasonable answer based on authentic and reliable sources (Enclosure-V).

The NPSC replied in the local dailies dated July 20, 2007 with some answers and sources it referred from. However, we discovered that most of the NPSC sources are from secondary information meant for market consumption and in addition, the facts given were incomplete in many respects. For the same, we delegate our representative to the Commission to have an amicable solution. However, the commission refused to entertain any matter further, basing that the honourable Gauhati High Court is silent beyond its direction to furnish the MAP.

We took the matter to out apex students’ organization, the Naga Students’ Federation (NSF). With their intervention, the NPSC on July 30 2007, had acknowledged thirteen questions carrying 26 marks, pointed out by the Transparency Seekers in the MAP. By the resolution dated 30 July, 2007 (Enclosure-VI), the NPSC and the NSF agreed to go for re-assessment of those unselected candidates, who have scored within the margin of 182 to 206 marks, basing only on the thirteen correct answers.

Without giving any regard to our demand for re-evaluation and re-direction of preliminary examination result, the NPSC and the NSF resolved to execute the process of re-assessment. As such, we represent again to the NPSC through our letter dated August 1, 2007 (Enclosure-VII) stating our firm stand on re-evaluation and re-declaration for those candidates scoring within the range of 182 and 232 marks (ie, 26 marks from the cut-off mark set at 208 marks by the NPSC) so that justice is not denied but served on fair ground in the spirit of competition.

Your Excellency, we need your immediate intervention into the arbitrary functions of the NPSC on the following grounds:

1. The thirteen answers acknowledged by the NPSC shows gross negligence and incompetence on the part of the NPSC.

2. The Commission has committed serious error for the reason that in competitive exam even one mark determines the fate of the candidates. The actuality here is a question of 26 marks and which cannot be overlooked in the highest examination of the state.

3. The re-evaluation of only the unselected candidates within the margin of 182 to 206 marks basing on the correct answer as per the resolution on July 30 2007 by the NPSC do not serve the purpose of fairness in the competitive examination.

4. The NPSC failed to consider the demand of the Transparency Seekers for re-evaluation and re-direction of the candidates scoring within the margin of 182 to 232 marks (ie. 26 marks from the cut-off mark). For the reason, that all candidates must be treated with equal footing in the process of selection and such that only the meritorious must be allowed to seat for the Main examination.

5. The NPSC Resolution dated July 30 2007 is perverse and against all ethics of competition.

We request Your Excellency to kindly intervene into the arbitrary function of the NPSC to put an end to justice and unfairness at the earliest so as to avoid any initiation of legal measures. And for this act of kindness, the Transparency Seekers shall remain ever grateful to you.


Transparency Seekers.