Jealousy kills yourself more than the others

Dr. R.B. Thohe Pou

Jealousy kills yourself more than the others – learn how to be contented with whatever you have and possess. Cain killed Abel due to jealousy only. (Bible). Misconception and wrong assumption about yourself and others are another serious problem leading to unsatisfactory and creating problem within you and lost inner peace.

Is jealousy comes naturally or comes out of one own failure or comes out of inferiority complex or comes out of greediness? Can jealousy be removed when one becomes more successful and wealthier? Is jealousy has to do with one own success or richness? One of the important causes of jealousy is due to discontentment of what one has – this may be physical, mental, spiritual and monetary aspects. When one is content with what one has, there is nothing to be jealous of other’s possession or position or status.

Erroneous self assessment and assumption creates inner problem within you, and one of the results can be jealousy or inferiority complex or superiority complex. Inner peace would come only when you become contented by understanding that EVERY human being is the same whether he is rich or poor. Otherwise, you will start to jealous, envy other’s wisdom, knowledge, beauty, smartness, properties etc. Inferiority complex develops due to wrong assumption, self low esteemed, discontentment etc. Inferiority complex also leads to jealousy, anger, unhappiness, lost of inner peace and become unworthy of living.

Try to be content with what you have – whether it’s money, knowledge, your looks, with everything that you possess. Sometimes jealousy make you inferiority complex and make you angry towards other people. Sometimes you may jealous someone and develop bitterness in your heart, but it’s going to disturb and bring distraction to yourself only – the other person may not feel anything as he may be content with whatever he has or what he is. Generally, people who are discontent with what they have jealous and envy others, otherwise there is nothing to be jealous of others or proud of what one possess.

Remember that not one is content with whatever he has without the blessing of God. It is no the knowledge or properties or richness that a person has – it’s the blessing of God that one becomes content with whatever he has, and it is only the right perception that makes oneself contented or unsatisfied. One should also know and understand that contentment is different from complacency. Those people who are content with whatever they have develop inner peace, more progressive in their work and successful than those who are complacent in their life. Those who are content with their lives also live a longer life than others who are jealous of others and find no inner peace in their heart.

Jealousy is one of the serious problems in life. You may try to disturb, distract and pull down other people by hurting others with your speeches and action. But you know – it kills only yourself first. The more you jealous other, the more you will try to hurt him and will try to bring down him. However, many a times, the other person live happily without noticing all your hatred and jealousy. Jealousy and hatred are the curses and not a blessing for you as it brings oneself down first many times before he brings down the others.

Try to free yourself from jealousy and hatred through prayer and forgiveness, and freeing oneself from hatred and jealousy would definitely enhance your productivity in life. Generally, all those people whom you are jealous or hate are contented with their life. In fact, you are jealous of him or her just because of they are contented with what they have and you are unhappy with what you have.

Source: Morung Express 28 Dec.2017

Remembering my Mother

Remembering my mother on this Mother’s Day.

My mother left for her heavenly abode in 2003. But it is very fortunate for all those people who have their mother. 

It is better to say a word of *APPRECIATION* to a Mother while she is with you than writing a beautiful biography about her after she left you. 

*My Mother*

My mother’s love is indefinable by me with word

Nor describable on the paper in writing with my pen

Her selfless love and patient is incomparable with any one

My mother suffered in her whole life till her last breath

She was industrious, altruistic, understanding and caring

Her whole life was full of struggles, pains and tears

No diagnosable sickness suffered her for 24 years long

Yet she never whispers a word of pains and anger to any one

She thought not of her own pain and eased everybody’s pains

She taught her children to have holy fear to God

Great visions, wishes and hope on me to fulfill her dreams

She was happy as I cleared my NET Examination,

Hoping I will soon get a job and live a happy life

She was happy not because she wants money from me

But her concerned for me to have a secured life

She left for heavenly abode hoping to have better life

She is happy living in everlasting heavenly abode

But things were altered in this earthly abode;

Home sweet home turned into teary home,

Dwelling in same house has no more same sweetness

Sweet home became cold and like a deserted house

As I step into my house, always I call Mummy

But I will never uttered again the word “Mummy”

I wish to call again mummy as I enter my house

When I come back home or leave to other place

I will never hug and shake hand again with my mom

She will not welcomed and say again safe journey to me

I heard my mom’s sweet last voice on 8th December 2003;

Saying safe journey and come back with great succeed in life

She says no any parting word to me on her departure day

But she has two wishes in her life for me to be fulfilled

She wants me to get a white-color job in my life

She wants me to set up a family before she dies

My mom’s wishes could not fulfill before she died

My wishes also could not fulfill before she died

I wish if I could give even a single penny from my salary

She had sown the seed on me the security of life

Yet she will never see again the fruits she had sown

She will no harvest and taste again the fruits she had sown

My mom suffered from the sickness for twenty-four years

Yet she never revealed pains and suffering in her life

God’s wonderful patient and love reveals through her life

Her health problem would let her leave earlier this world

But God extended her life for another twenty-four years

If she would leave this world 24 years back

I would not experienced my mom’s love and patient

God had wonderful plan for her and took away

As a human being I may sobbed and regretted

Yet, I’m grateful to God for his plan for my mom

When I get a job and give my first fruit to God

My mom will be in jubilant in heavenly abode

Then will recall mom’s vision, dream and wishes

When I need prayer support, I asked my mom

She prayed for me as I come home or leave

But now it’s only a wish for me in real life


You left me happily and peacefully

But for me time has to come to live such a life

When I need something from my dad to ask

I first to go my mummy to tell my daddy

She was a good mediator too for her children

Have I ever give you any good gift on Mother’s Day

Hope you’ll understand and forgive me for whatever

When Mother’s Day comes and people celebrate

When their children bring Mother’s Day gifts

When others sing songs for their mother as thanks giving

When others call their mothers by their names

With teary eyes I would only wish to have my mom

My unforgettable mother left this world

Yet I pray God may raise many good mothers in the world

Restoring past beautiful life with my mom is to enter a new life

I pray God may take me to heavenly abode to live with my mom

 (My mother left for her heavenly abode on 12-12-2003

©R.B. Thohe Pou 2004

New Year thoughts: To become a better neighbor in 2016

  1. Your status in 2016: Instead of sharing and showing off what you did and what you are in your Status update in Facebook, it would be much better to share what others did for you and for others as the other people will be benefited from that unless what you did or what you are is going to inspire or help someone. Sometime, we may need to reveal what we did for others and who we are but it may be no necessary to reveal every time unless it is demanded.
  1. Share information and knowledge: Those who come to know any information news (news article) related job opportunities, health, wealth, safety, education or anything that will be beneficial to your friends in Facebook and other social media (and neighbors in real world), should share with others unless we are too selfish and always eager to have it for ourselves.

I sincerely hope and pray that in 2016 everyone ( and readers of this thought) may start to share more information with others to help each other. Otherwise, we shall become quite selfish and learning ourselves keeping secret from others. There are abundant of information available in google world and other medias, but due to lack of time and other reasons, not one is able to have all the information or data with us. Therefore sharing information with your friends would be great help to your friends and loved ones.

Sharing information with others is always good; it also shows our inner heart: One thing I want to share with you about sharing news or information with others: As a creator and Admin. of Nagalim Times and some others… I need to and have to share some informative news and other interesting article with other people (members). And to share or doing this, I have to first read and share, and thus helped me more (myself more) than others. Because, some people may no even read or like it , but you, as you have read and shared with others, it helps you a lot. In one word: those who help others help themselves and broaden their mind.

Not only sharing informative news or article with others, we should also share our knowledge and wisdom with others. There are two advantages of sharing your knowledge and wisdom with others – it helps you to sharpen (increase) your knowledge and wisdom. And other people will be benefited learning from you. The disadvantages are – without sharing (in any form) the knowledge with others, your knowledge will gradually vanish with pace of time and other people (friends or neighbors) will never be benefited from you.

  1. Sharing worldly materials: Through our activities in social networking, many a times our virtual-world attitude and heart reveal our real-world heart. You know that there are some people who love to share their things with others. You know that there are also some people who do not want to share with others what they have. You know that there are some children do not want to share their sweet – candy with their peers. If you do not want to share any informative news or information with others in virtual world, I do not believe that you can be a good neighbor too in real world, and you have the heart to share your food and vegetables with your neighbors. Life is always a part of learning, and we learn a lots through our own experiences or from others. I hope that we start learning to share with others and experience the joy of sharing with others – may be any informative news ( or knowledge and wisdom) or any worldly materials that we have in real world.


By: Dr. R.B. Thohe Pou

Would the NSCN-IM sign a Peace Accord not acceptable by Naga people?


  • Dr. R.B. Thohe Pou

Every Naga in Nagalim (Naga-land) is waiting for a permanent solution to Naga political problem. When the news flashed in Indian national televisions and news paper on 3rd August 2015 about the historic Peace Accord signed between the GOI and the NSCN-IM representing the Naga people, the Naga people are over-whelmed with joy and tears. While some of them are skeptical and apprehensive to this Peace Accord as it may bring another kind of Shillong Accord in 1975.

Would the NSCN-IM sign a Peace Accord with the Government of India, which cannot be acceptable by the majority of the Naga people? What is an honourable solution to the Naga political problem? According to me, any kind of political solution, which will be acceptable by the majority of the Naga people, is an honourable solution. The Naga political problem is one of the serious problems to India integration, and the GOI cannot take it this problem very frivolously. The GOI knew that unless the Naga political and other insurgent problems in North East India are solved – the GOI would continue to encounter the same old problem. Secondly, the dreams of ‘Look East Policy’ would be a failure without solving the Naga political problem and other insurgent problems in North East India. Thirdly, the NSCN is the considered as the mother of all the insurgencies in North East India, and solving the Naga political problem would bring relieve to the GOI.

Why the NSCN-IM would bring an honourable solution? It is not only the NSCN-IM who is working to bring an honourable solution, but also the GOI is working to bring an honourable Naga political solution. The Prime Minister, Manmohan Singh also said in December 2004 that he favours a “mutually acceptable and honourable solution that can ensure that the Naga people live a life of peace with dignity and self-respect”

  1. Will the NSCN take the risk to make another blunder like Shillong Accord in 1975?
  2. Will the GOI take the risk to make another blunder with the Naga people like the Shillong Accord?

In April 2015, Th. Muivah said, While upholding the National political rights of the Naga people thousands sacrificed their lives but unfortunately in 1975 the Shillong Accord was signed by some members in the Naga National Council (NNC) as “Naga underground” which was totally against the rights and decision of the Naga people. The Accord was subsequently condemned as it was an act of complete sell-out of the Naga National rights

I am optimistic that the NSCN won’t sign another like Shillong Accord. The Govt.won’t take another risk by signing another kind of Shillong Accord in 1975. What would be the consequences of another kind of Shillong Accord? The GOI knows. The NSCN-IM knows. EVERYONE NAGA KNOWS. RIGHT? Even if the NSCN wants to sign another like Shillong Accord, I do not believe that the Govt. of India will sign a Peace Accord that would bring disastrous to the Naga people also in the NE region of India. In April 2015, Muivah also said,We therefore want to inform the Naga people and all others that the GoI and the Nagas represented by the NSCN are-in the process of working out an honourable political solution acceptable to both. We also reiterate our commitment that we shall come back to the Naga people for consultation on all important matters when the time comes to decide the final political agreement with the GoI

As we waited so long with lots of patient, pains and tears in our eyes to get an honourable Naga political solution to bring a permanent political solution, peace and development in our land, let us be thankful to God and hope for the best for our future endeavour.

Will the NPF and UNC ultimately part away peacefully?

Dr. R.B. Thohe Pou

Today, one of the most complicated political issue on Naga political issue in Manipur is the NPF and the UNC – the best and sweetest political partner in Manipur in last State Assembly and MP election. And today, it seems both of them are ready to part away peacefully for the interest of the Naga public after two elections. In last State Assembly and MP election, the NPF and UNC claimed to be the sole representative of the Naga people in Manipur; the other political parties were tagged as anti-Naga political parties and the people supporting the other political parties were also tagged as anti-Naga. According to them, all the political parties and whoever supports the other political parties except the NPF is anti-Naga.

Today the NPF is going to contest in ADC election in Manipur – the maximum number of seats are going to be filled by the NPF candidates as reported in the media. On a contrary, the UNC is going to oppose the NPF and going for agitation against the NPF as reported in the media. The NPF also claimed to be the representative of the Naga people in Manipur and contest in all the constituencies in Manipur State Assembly election; however they could win only four seats. This also apparently shows that majority of the Nagas did not vote for the NPF in last State Assembly election. Otherwise, the NPF could have win easily in most of the seats.

Both the UNC and NPF claimed to be the representative of the Naga people. So do you think the separation of the UNC and NPF will further divide the unity of the Naga people in Manipur? Is this not a complicated issue to be understood by a laymen people like me and you? Who is going to represent for the Nagas in Manipur – either UNC or NPF? What happen to NPF claiming to be representing for the Nagas in Manipur in last two elections in Manipur? Are they still representing for the Nagas in Manipur? Or are they leaving behind the Naga public in order to contest in ADC election in Manipur? Is contesting ADC election against the aspiration of the Naga people? Is contesting in State Assembly and MP election against the aspiration of the Naga people?

The UNC declaring “Severe ties” with the Government of Manipur and involving in the State Assembly election is also very complicated. The UNC tags the Manipur Government as “communal government” and also declared “Severe ties” with the Government of Manipur and involving in the State Assembly election with the NPF party shows that they are directly or indirectly supporting the Manipur Government. Why the UNC should take interest in Manipur State Assembly election and send their representatives (NPF) to State Government when they have declared “Severe ties” with the Government of Manipur? It may be much better when the UNC stay away completely from State Assembly election as they have declared “Severe ties” with the Government of Manipur. It is very difficult for the public to understand about the UNC ideologies when they involved in State Assembly and declaring “Severe ties” with the State Government.

Will the glorious present NPF MLA in Manipur who have forcefully won in last Manipur State Assembly in the name of Nagas unity resign and work with the UNC? Will the NPF becomes anti-Naga public by contesting in ADC election? Or will the UNC becomes the anti-Naga by defying the so called the Naga People party by opposing the Naga people political party? Or do you think that the Naga public have gone against the UNC’s unilateral decision to oppose the ADC election? With starting of media war between the NPF and UNC, it becomes more complicated for the layman to understand the present situation in Manipur. Finally who is going to stand and represent for the Nagas in Manipur?

                               Ignorant villagers and fame hunger Indian Army Officers

By: Dr. Thohe Pou

One should appreciate and acknowledge what other people have done for you. A memory stone (monolith) may be erected in memory and honor of her or his contribution or helping the people. It is encouraging and laudable that Indian Army under Military Civil Action (MCA) projects have constructed some of the Soccer play ground in Senapati District, Manipur. Do you think the MCA is actively involved in bringing some infrastructures for the people in Senapati District as the present MLAs and Ministers from Senapati District and the Govt. of Manipur have no much developmental plan for the people?

It is interesting to note that Purul Akutpa village play ground, which was constructed under MCA, is christened after the name Maj. Gen. KK Sinha memorial play ground as he helped to construct the village’s play ground. The Maram Khunou village play ground is named after Brigadier Sharma – the Taphou Phyamai village play ground is also named after Major General Binoy Poonnen.

Why to name after one person when the contribution is or fund are from MCA, public or state Govt.? Naming of a place or anything after the name of the person who helps to do is nothing but shows only selfishness and hunger of fame. Why Tamenglong – Halflong road which was constructed by DC Amstrong Pame is not christened after him? This is very simple. He works for the public and not for his own fame. One may accept the concept of naming a village, place or playground if it is contributed individually and constructed the playground. But it is quite amusing when one uses his or her name using common or public fund. Do you think that in the future all the indigenous name of the place, village, house etc will be named after the name of the person who help to make or contributor? Is this trend of naming a road, play ground or anything after a person is a good sign?

The ground was constructed under Military Civic Action (MCA) and not a single penny will be taken out from the concerned army officer. May be there will be someone who will bring some development in your village and he or she may want to re-name after his or her name. Will you sell your village for the sake of developments? It may be also possible that Senapati DC may bring some development in the District, and he or she may want to re-name after his or her name. Memory stone should be erected and placed it honorably. Credit should be given and we should acknowledge whoever contribute or do for us. But naming after the person who contributed or helped to bring development is little strange, selfish and fame hunger only.

It is interesting that our Naga frontal organisation leaders are re-christening the meiteilon (Manipuri), British (English) and Indian (Hindi) name of the place into Naga indigenous’ name. For example: Tahamzam (Senapati) but simultaneously some people are naming the playground after their name. Why the UNC secretariat complex where the land was contributed by Kalinamai Taphou was not named as Kalinamai Taphou Secretariat Complex for UNC? Why the earlier play grounds which were constructed with the helped of the Indian army were not named after them? Is this naming a play ground after the name of the contributor’s is a new revolution of the modern educated societies who are hungry for fame or this a part of their mission to Indianised in the area? Why naming after an army officer when it was done under MCA?

The Ministers and MLAs in Senapati areas have not contributed much for the development of the people. The same to the frontal Naga organisation leaders have not done much for the people in the district. So, we should acknowledge and grateful to the concerned army officers who have posted in the areas and brought some developments for the public. However, naming the play ground or any project that comes under their department is seems to be too selfish and too much after their own fame. With the present trends of naming anything after the person who contributed or helped to do something, in the future there will be no name left to be christened again except re-christening.

Debunking Army officers perception of Nagas

By: R.B. Thohe Pou

Published on 3 Dec. 2005

Nagas are subhuman and filthy and due to this consideration a big gap was created between the Nagas and Indian government after the British left. Nagas are subhuman and filthy but do you know who consider you as subhuman and filthy?

According to Concise Oxford Dictionary, subhuman means “less than human in behavior and intelligence. And filth means disgusting dirt, which means the Nagas are very dirty.”

Do you need to know others’ perception on you? Some people say that let others think and say whatever they like – its okay for us if we are not.

So what is your perception? One of the Indian officers who served in Naga Hills in 1953-57 truthfully writes what the Indian officers’ perceptions were on Nagas. They (Indian officers) considered the Naga people as subhuman, filthy and not worth mixing. I believe that what he writes was right because many Indian army officers had displayed through their actions after 1956 when the Naga Hills was declared Disturbed Area; the Indian army started moving to Naga Hills and on March 27, 1956, section 144 of the Indian Criminal Procedure Code, was enforced almost in entire Naga Hills.

When the Indian military forces came to Naga Hills, “the military forces went on burning almost all the villages with all contents in the Naga Hills District and the village were regrouped in a central place and confined under strong stockades and the inhabitants not allowed to go out from the stockades so that the underground Naga workers were cut off from their families communication and supplies.

The church leaders were persecuted by the Indian Military Forces, churches were desecrated which were used as rest camp of Indian forces. The inhabitants were collected in the church and tortured there, girls and women were molested, raped and beaten by the Indian forces sometime inside the church.” (Op.cit.Vashum: 81). Till late 1990s the Indian army officers were showing that the Nagas are subhuman and filthy through their action in violating the Human Rights in Naga Hills.

The Indian army officers considered that posting to Naga Hills was a punishment and they did not want to mingle or study about the Nagas. Kanwar Singh was an Indian officer who served in Naga Hills from 1953-57 writes the perception of the Indian officers in his book, “The Nagas of Nagaland”. To quote, “None of the officers from Assam stayed for any longer period with Nagas as they considered it as a punishment posting.

They naturally were always keen to get out and often managed it through contacts. The question of studying Naga way of life, mixing with them, knowing them and their customs etc therefore did not arise with them. In fact, they considered these people as subhuman, filthy and not worth mixing. Therefore, naturally a big gap was created between the Nagas and the government after the British left.” (Kanwar:194).

Even before Kanwar truthfully writes about the Indian army officers’ perception on Nagas in his book – the ill-treatment and Human Rights violation to the Naga people was conspicuous, which was reported by Jasokie in 1954. The Naga National Council sent Publicity Secretary Jasokie to Mokochung to study the situation and submit a first-hand information report. An extract from his report read as follows:

“They (the plains people of Hindustan) believe that their way of life is the right way; but such way of life horrifies us. They are disgusting to us.(they Hindustani) are not prepare to accept us a human beings and, therefore, it is easier for them to go out of all human decency in their dealings with us.

I say this not to agitate the emotional feelings of our people but that they have such an attitude towards our people is an undeniable fact..they think that by harassing the people they have done a great service to India, but actually India lost the friendship of the people.” (M.Zinyii:32)

Well, why they consider Nagas as subhuman and filthy? If we study the tribe of Assam and some tribes in Bastar region in central part of India – these tribes are still very backward as compare to Nagas. Why such kind of attitude and understanding was created among the Indian army officers and commenced to torture the Nagas and violate the human rights? Are they considering the Nagas as subhuman and filthy because they have different food habits?

The people in different geographical location have different food habits; religion and personal likeness also make us to vary in food habits. So because of Nagas’ food habits, they should not consider the Nagas as subhuman. Nagas are not only the people who practiced headhunting; headhunting was practiced worldwide. There was headhunting in Indonesia, Africa, Europe, Philippines, Malaysia etc.

Therefore because of headhunting practiced by the Nagas cannot be considered them as subhuman and filthy. In fact, there was a great essence of headhunting and the modern people still practicing headhunting in different ways or forms.

Should we consider that the Indian officers were ignorance about the Nagas and because of this, they considered the Nagas as subhuman and filthy? But the Indian officers are well-educated people and they do not consider the other human being as subhuman.

We need to know the others perception and treatment on us otherwise we will be like some one who always assume that the other people also eat what we eat. I do not know if any Nagas had earlier rise any question regarding the erroneous perception of the Indian Army officers on Nagas.

Even if our elders or seniors had rose earlier – today our youngsters also need to know others’ perception on us. It cannot say that today the Indian officers (civil or army) have not such kind of perception on Nagas but definitely we can say that the Indian officers are gradually learning the culture and customs of Nagas and who Nagas are. One of the serious problems with the Indian officers is that they do not mingle and study the nature and customs of the Nagas.

I am sure that Nagas are very honest and amicable people. The Indian officers posted in Naga Hills still need to study the Nagas’ culture and customs so that they can work together peacefully with the Nagas. Some of the Indian officers like Kanwar Singh, Maj.Gen. Sardespande, Mullick, B.N., Rammuny Murkot etc had studied the Nagas’ culture and custom and had written their books on Nagas.

The Indian officers (civil or army) who mingled with Nagas and studied on Nagas have very positive attitudes towards the Nagas. One of the Indian Army officers, Maj.Gen. Sardespande writes about the Nagas as,

“Nagas are magnificent. You have to see and live amidst them to believe this simple statement. A very large majority of us know little about them. The little that we know is about their nakedness, headhunting and anti-national, hostile, underground, insurgent activity for the last thirty years of independence India’s consciousness of it northeastern periphery.

By nature they are suspicious, sensitive, wary, distrustful, inward-looking, volatile and very very proud. There cannot be a better friend than the Nagas once he identifies his friend; there cannot be a worse foe than the Naga once he feels deceived or let down. Deep inside his inscrutable exterior and penetrating eyes there is tremendous warmth, great geniality, sharp intellect and immense good will” (Sardespande: vii)

The Indian officers study on Nagas in 1980s had brought some changes in their wrong perception and apathetic attitude towards the Nagas. However the human rights violation is still reporting in some parts of Naga Hills even after the Cease-fire with the NSCN (IM) and the Government of India was declared in 1997. The recent 15 Case studies on “Violations of Cease-fire Agreed Ground Rules” by R.N. Kumar with L. Murthy for Civil Society Initiatives on the Naga Peace Process – shows the Human Rights violation in Naga Hills that in September 2000, at Khongsang village in Tamenglong District, Manipur, the Army Screened Video Films, which was suspected to be pornographic.

The church building and school building were occupied by the Indian army. The churches in many villages were occupied and desecrated. What would be the sentiments of the Hindu people if the temples are desecrated? Again in the early of 28th December 2000, a unit of the 15 Jat Regiment patrolling the State Highway in Tamenglong District, Manipur was attacked by suspected Naga underground.

In this attack – one officer was killed and four others were wounded. To avenge the attack by the underground the Jat Regiment – led by Lt.Col. K.S. Madan trekked down to Tabanglong village and randomly picked up ten persons and shot them down in different location in the village. Eight of them died instantly while two persons survived with serious injuries. (Ram N.K.: 152).

Whenever the underground attacked the Indian army, to avenge the attack – the Indian army tortured, raped and killed the innocent villagers which became the customs and culture of the Indian army like the Nagas killing the innocent wild animals in the jungle. The above cited human rights violation and illegal occupation of buildings and churches are just some examples of recent occurrence during cease-fire.

The Armed Forces Special Power Act, 1958 (AFSPA), which is still in force allowed a person of any rank in the Armed Forces to shoot to kill for the maintenance of public order to destroy any position or shelter, to arrest, without warrant any person and enter and search without warrant any premises, without fearing prosecution, suit or other legal proceedings. Not only given Armed Special Power to the Indian Army Forces – most of the Indian Army officers also have apathetic attitude and misunderstand about the Nagas, which lead to more Human Right violation.

Do the Indian officers still consider that Nagas are subhuman and filthy? Do they still consider that posting to Naga Hills as punishment? We may believe and trust our educated Indian officers and all the Armies that they will now not consider and have such kind of attitudes towards the Nagas in this century. It is very easy to consider the other people or community as low or high unless we know them. But in fact all the human beings are same and equal; there is not such human being as low or high or subhuman.

For better co-existence, administration and to remove Human Rights violation in Naga Hills – the AFSPA needs to be removed and change the apathetic attitude of the Indian Army. The apathetic attitude and misunderstanding on Nagas can be vanished only when the Indian Army officers and politicians mingle with the Nagas and study the culture and customs of Nagas.

The Indian and Nagas need to study and know the cultural difference in order to build a better relationship. The Indian government denied to have talks with the Naga Insurgent leaders without condition till 1997. However after the Indian studied the Naga history and recognized the unique history of Nagas – the Cease-fire was declared between NSCN (IM) and the Govt. of India in 1997 to have talks unconditionally.

There were many round of talks between them but nothing concrete solution is brought till date due to some reasons. To speed up and to bring Peace and Concrete Solution for the Nagas – the Indian politicians and masses need to study more the Naga history and recognize the unique history of the Nagas.


1. Kanwar Singh (1987): The Naga in Nagaland: Desperadoes, Heroes of Peace, Delhi: Deep and Deep Publication.
2. Mhiesizokho Zinyii (1979): Phizo and the Naga Problem, Dimapur: Nagaland Times Press.
3. Ram Narayan K.& L.Murthy (2002): Four Years of the Cease-fire Agreement between NSCN: Promises and Pitfalls, New Delhi: Civil Society Initiatives on the Naga Peace Process.
4. Maj.Gen. Sardespande S.C. (1987): The Patkoi Nagas, Delhi: Daya Publishing House
5. Vashum R., (2000): Nagas’ Right to Self-determination, Delhi: Mittal Publications