Gathering the tribe

_With different groups involved in the Naga peace talks process, hope of a solution grows_

– Patricia Mukhim| The Hindu|Editorial| 3rd Nov. 2017(Friday)

Perhaps one of the most talked
about issues as far as the North-
east is concerned is the Naga
struggle for sovereignty which
started a day before India’s Inde-
pendence. In the Naga mind, this
issue oscillates between nostalgia
for its unique history and the
promise of a better future without
disturbing this irreplaceable past.
The problem with reality is that it
does not allow us to romance the
past.
Myth and reality
The Naga national workers are no
longer in the prime of their lives.
The chairman of the National So-
cialist Council of Nagaland (I-M),
Isak Chisi Swu, has passed away
and Thuingaleng Muivah too is get-
ting on in years. In an article, ‘The
Presence of the Past’, Roger Cohen
says, “As we grow older the past
looms larger. The past is full of pos-
sibilities. The future may seem wan
by comparison and, for each of us,
we know where it ends. With a
bang or whimper…”
Reams have been written, sev-
eral seminars and workshops or-
ganised, and there have been daily
cogitations on the Naga peace talks
since they started in 1997. In Au-
gust 2015, when the Framework
Agreement was signed between
the Government of India and the
NSCN (I-M), expectations were
high that an “honourable settle-
ment” was in the o�ng. The prob-
lem is with the use of words which
lend themselves to several inter-
pretations depending on who the
stakeholders are. What is honour-
able for the NSCN(I-M) may not
seem honourable enough to Naga
society as a whole, with disparate
aspirations and interpretations. Be
that as it may, the Centre’s Inter-
locutor for the Naga Peace talks,
R.N. Ravi, has taken on a formid-
able task.
No other interlocutor has inter-
acted with and met so many Naga
National Political Groups (NNPGs)
and civil society groups. For the
�rst time, Mr. Ravi was able to push
the envelope and create that integ-
ral space where all voices are heard
with equal respect, sometimes at
the risk of the NSCN (I-M) calling o�
the talks, since they felt that being
signatories to the Framework
Agreement, they alone have the
right to call the shots. This fact
needs to be appreciated. And it has
to be understood that the Indian
establishment too is not an easy
customer. There is scepticism and
there are doubts whether wider
consultations would result in caco-
phony, making the task of arriving
at a solution much more di�cult.
A di�cult path
For the interlocutor it’s a tightrope
walk. The Naga people are a proud
race and have held fast to their cul-
tures, traditions and language. Yet
it cannot be denied that tribal loy-
alty often comes in the way of a col-
lective discourse for the future of
Nagaland. Perhaps one organisa-
tion that has brought together
people from all tribes is the ACAUT
(Against Corruption and Unabated
Taxation), which is seemingly in-
clusive of all tribes and a mass
movement of sorts to protest
against taxation by di�erent armed
groups and factions. So far, about
33 delegations, including the dif-
ferent tribal Hohos and recently
the six NNPGs, have had their say.
For Mr. Ravi, it is an opportunity to
further understand how the
Framework Agreement should pan
out.
But Mr. Ravi’s visit to Dimapur
last month was also seen with
some scepticism. A video clip of
the public reception given to him
drew some uncharitable com-
ments. Is the pent-up rage and frus-
tration among the youth due to the
protracted peace talks or does the
rage spring from something else?
The way forward
For the Naga people at this junc-
ture, the most pragmatic step is to
take a balanced view of the past.
Obsession with one point of view
hinders any kind of progress. With
16 major tribes, each with a sense
of nationality of its own and every
tribe having its village republics
which is a crucial part of their cul-
ture, there will be divergent ‘na-
tional’ narratives. Naga national-
ism is both a sentiment and a
movement.
Ethnic boundaries of yore which
went beyond geopolitical borders
of the present nation can be both
problematic and defy pragmatism.
Then there is the issue of the In-
dian nation state, a term that is also
problematic but which has
provided its own stability for 70
years. If one were to go by Benedict
Anderson’s “Imagined Communit-
ies”, then all the communities of
the Northeast fall in that ambit.
In an interview to the Nagaland
Post, Mr. Ravi said the ongoing
peace talks may have been initi-
ated by the NSCN (I-M) but it has
now become more inclusive. One
ray of hope as far as the Framework
Agreement is concerned is that
there appears to be a political con-
sensus and faith in the process.
This in itself is a huge step forward.
Now that the tribal Hohos and the
NNPGs have all thrown in their sup-
port, there is hope that the much-
awaited political solution will ar-
rive sooner than later.

(Patricia Mukhim is Editor, `The Shillong
Times’, and former member, National
Security Advisory Board)

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NSCN K sent strong words to India Government, says will strike Indian people in Naga area if NIA continue terrorizing trend

IT News
Imphal, Oct 30: NSCN-K has sent strong words to India government stating that it will be forced to ask every Indian people to leave Naga country if the NIA continue its terrorist activities in Nagaland.
In a statement by Col. Isak Sumi MIP/GPRN, the rebel group said that the government of India had empowered NIA with un-paralleled extra-constitutional and extra-judicial excessive terrorizing powers to harass, arrest, torture and imprison the Nagas far beyond the legal limits.
“Looting of money during house raids has become a trademark of NIA in Nagaland. Regardless of the endless provocations of NIA to force NSCN/GPRN to commit terrorist activities, the NSCN had been maintaining maximum restraint but if the same terrorizing trend of NIA continues in Nagaland unchecked, the NSCN/GPRN in order to refrain itself from indulging in terror activities will be forced to ask every Indian people to leave Naga country.The indiscriminate manner in which the NIA has been persecuting even the innocent Nagas including the NSCN sympathizers, the NSCN in the same manner will be compelled to view every Indian people in Nagaland either traders, business men or government servicemen etc as agents, collaborators and sympathizers of NIA and must therefore have to be evicted from Nagaland or face the same fate which the innocent Nagas are suffering in the hands of NIA and other inimical forces of India covertly or overtly operating in Naga country”, the NSCN-K statement said.

UNC cautions Naga MLAs

Mon, 30 Oct 2017 01:01:05 GMT
The United Naga Council (UNC) has warned Naga elected members at this most crucial moment that whoever among them is working against the “collective history” of the Nagas will not be spared . This “warning” from the Naga body came at the backdrop of the “all political parties meeting on the territorial integrity of Manipur with reference to peace talks between the Government of India and NSCN-IM”.

On Sunday, UNC warned “elected members” from Naga community saying that, indulging in activities which are detrimental to the Naga movement will invite serious consequences. UNC also asserted that it will not remain mute to “all those measures which are against the Naga interest” taken up by different elements including the Manipur Government . “We are closely observing the unfolding development in Manipur currently,” said UNC while adding, “We will respond befittingly to all those elements and factors who/which are hurdles to the Naga peace process.” UNC further said that “we feel our patience has been taken as our weakness” . UNC then asked Nagas not to extend co-operation or involve in any programme which is attached with the names of the “seven new districts.” UNC further asked the Naga people to remain fully aware of the “designs of our adversaries” .

On Nagas of Nagaland State Political solution

By: Dr.R.B. Thohe Pou

The Naga population in 2011 is about 4 million. And the Nagas live in Nagaland, Manipur, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh (North East India) and Myanmar. The Nagas are comprised of various tribes, and the Nagas are culturally, socially and ethnically different from the mainland Indian. Culturally or ethnically, there is not any affinity between the Nagas and the Indian except that the Indian have forcefully invaded the Naga country and occupied in Nagalim since 1956.

How the Nagaland state was formed?
Some of the Nagas of present Nagaland state have forcefully formed the new state of India known as Nagaland state. Now some of the Naga leaders of Nagas of Nagaland want to have a separate Naga political solution for the Nagas in Nagaland only. Do you think that giving Naga Political solution for the Nagas in Nagaland will be easier and more feasible than bringing the Nagas under one administrative unit? The GoI not willing to integrate the Naga inhabited areas under one administrative unit should not be the reason for demanding a separate Naga political for the Nagas in Nagaland only.

The present Nagaland state was allowed to form by GoI without much effort. In fact, it was formed in order to erase the concept of the Naga national movement and to smother the Naga national movement. The GoI treacherously enticed some of the Naga leaders, and eventually formed the present state Nagaland. All the Naga architectures who helped to form the present Nagaland state were alleged to be assassinated by NNC as the Naga national movement cannot compensated in exchange of Nagaland state formation. One should not be too proud and too complacent of having a state like Nagaland under the constitution of India as it was formed to weaken and smother the Naga national movement.

With the formation of Nagaland state, many Nagas in Nagaland are enjoying the fruits of the Nagas (Nagas in Naga land or Nagalim) as the Government of India have been pouring a huge amount of budget EVERY year to Nagaland state to fool the Nagas, and to pull down the Naga national movement. And depending on this easy money from the GoI, many Nagas have gone crazy after money and became lazy unlike their counterpart Nagas who are struggling hard toiling soil with their sweats for their living. It’s very unfortunate and sad that some of the Nagas including the Naga leaders have totally forgotten the purpose of their forefathers’ national movement who have sacrificed their lives for the future Naga generation.

Many Naga people have been observing and crying silently in their heart what were happening recently in the present state Nagaland. And it’s indeed very unfortunate that something is going beyond the state of people mind to continue observing silently. What’s there for the Nagas in present Nagaland state without the Nagas from other parts of the Nagalim? And what’s there for the Nagas in Myanmar or Manipur or any other state without the other Nagas? Do you think that the present Nagas in Nagaland state have become more powerful, popular and bolder without the Nagas from other parts of the Nagas? Do you think the wisdom of some Nagas are taken back by God? Do you think that GoI will pour in more money to Nagaland state if the Nagas in present state of Nagaland demand for a separate Naga political solution?

Some of the Naga leaders from NNC claims to be the sole representative of the Nagas in Nagaland (Nagalim)? And they also claim to be the only Naga National movement which can bring Naga political solution. Do the NNC also endorses the claims of Naga political solution for the Nagas in Nagaland state or do the NNC stands for the whole Nagas?

*What is the main purpose of Naga National movement?*
Is the Naga national movement started by Naga Club and later by the late Phizo – the father of the Naga nation is only for the present state Nagaland state? Even if some of the Naga leaders from the present state Nagaland state are brainwashed by Indian money and other facilities available in the state, and might have forgotten the main purpose of our Naga National movement, anyone can ask any non-Nagas on the purpose of the Naga National movement.

What are the main reasons of some leaders in present state Nagaland who have totally lost their mind, memories and Naga political history from their mind? The main purpose of our National movement is very clear from the beginning till today. And even though some of the Nagas including some of the Naga leaders in present Nagaland state have lost their mind, memories and forgotten the Naga political history, but we should be happy that more than 99% of the Nagas are for our Naga National movement to bring a honourable solution.

*Who recognized the Naga national movement?*
1. The Naga national movement is recognized and supporting by UNPO. The UNPO has recongised Naga as one of the indigenous nation, and give their support for our Nagas rights to self-determination.

2. The Naga International Support Center, Amsterdam, a human rights organization recognized and support the Nagas rights to self-determination. Some of the other Naga factions also trying to connect with NISC to get international support from outside.

3. The Baptist World Baptist Alliance (BWA), also recognized the Naga political problem, and gives their prayer support for Naga reconciliation and early Naga political solution. The Baptist World Alliance (BWA) held at Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia from July 4 to 9 in 2011, affirmed support to the long-protracted Naga issue and with the affirmation, a total of 120 nations federating with BWA would focus to advocate the Naga issue to all corners of the world through prayers.
4. The Indian Government recognized the Naga political problem and the uniqueness of the Naga history, and thus a ceasefire agreement was made to process the Indo-Naga peace-talks.

5. Based on recognition of uniqueness of the Naga history and Naga problem is a political problem, the GOI also made a Framework Agreements on 3rd August 2015.

Then how comes that suddenly some of the Nagas in Nagaland have changed their demand from Naga political movement into Nagaland state political solution? The Nagas outside the present state Nagaland may not have the rights to interfere in state political issue. However, every concern Naga has the rights to interfere in the state political affair when anything that goes against the interest of the Naga national movement. The Naga nationalists were working on to bring all the Nagas (Nagaland, Myanmar, Manipur, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh) as one nation since 1940s.

*Is the Naga nation only for the Nagas in Nagaland state?* Why some of the Nagas of Nagaland have changed the Naga national movement into Nagaland state movement? Why some of the Nagas of Nagaland have lost their vision and hope? Today, some of the frustrated leaders who believe in “Divided we retain our leadership; united we lost our leadership” are leading some section of the Naga people. And some of the Naga gullible people are following them too. Leadership changes too. There can be misunderstanding, jealousy, hatred and ideological differences within a faction, tribe or nation. And out of frustration, hatred, ideological differences or other reasons – some of the leaders may want to retain their leadership by forming a few faction or organization. But one should not mislead other people to pull down the national movement. And also one should not change the Naga national movement into Nagaland state people movement. Kuknalim

Source: http://morungexpress.com/nagas-nagaland-state-political-solution/

How to reduce corruption?

There are certain rules and laws to be follow in a system. When people violate any rule or law in some particular system, it becomes a corruption.
And to deal this corruption, we should also have our own rules and principles and follow the rules made by the Government. Unless we set a certain rules and law to deal the corruption, we cannot say anything to any one.

When we don’t have certain rules and principles to correct the corrupted people, who are we to question anyone? And who are you to question on others?

We need to understand first the root causes of the corruption and deal accordingly. Corruption cannot be suppress down or remove or reduce through insulting, mockery or defaming the corrupted people in public forum without having our own sets of rules and principles; and also without informing the others in advance.

Therefore, in order to reduce the corruption, let’s all set together some certain rules and principles before we directly insult, mock and defame the corrupted people. 

We may have our own certain rules and principles to deal the corruption, but practically not one can deal this corruption alone or individually – corruption need to deal jointly with a pressure group. 

There are three ways that we can reduce: 

1. Educating the people to reduce the corruption 

2. Implementating the rules and laws strictly and

3. Punishing all those who violate certain rules and laws.

Let’s hope and pray that we make first certain rules and laws to deal with the corrupted people. 

Shangwang Shangyung Khaplang no more

The chief of the Nationalist Socialist Council of Nagaland was born in April 1940 in Waktham village just east of Myanmar’s Pangsau Pass, Khaplang is the youngest of his 10 siblings and is also leading the newly-formed  United Liberation Front of Western South East Asia (UNLFW).

Hailing from Hemi Naga tribe of Myanmar, Khaplang has two homes — one in China’s Yunan province and one in Myanmar. Khaplang has three sons and a daughter and they are settled far from the rebellion. The seeds of insurgency were sown very early in Khaplang’s life after he witnessed events of the World War II as a child.

Khaplang floated Naga Defence Force in 1964. In 1965, Khaplang went on to become the vice-chairman and then the chairman of Eastern Naga Revolutionary Council. According to the report, Khaplang during this period assisted young recruits to go to China for training and it was then when he grew closer to Thuingaleng Muivah, an MA from Gauhati University.

The two later collaborated and formed one of the strongest factions in northeast — Nationalist Socialist Council of Nagaland. The alliance was a strategic step taken by Khaplang so that the rebels from across the Burmese border can easily infiltrate into the Indian territory. And thanks to Khaplang, the main insurgent group was able to build base in the Burmese side.

The outfit became so strong that it was almost running a parallel government, not only in Nagaland, but also in Manipur and Arunachal Pradesh. But the partnership did not last for too long.

In 1988, the Nationalist Socialist Council of Nagaland (Khaplang) was formed after it broke out from NSCN (Isak-Muivah), Thuingaleng Muivah. “Clan rivalries between the Konyaks of Nagaland’s northernmost Mon district, and the Tangkhul Nagas of Manipur’s Ukhrul district, which dominated the NSCN (IM), is cited as one of the main reasons for the split,”.

The Khaplang faction’s main demand was independence of Nagaland.

Objective of the NSCN-K is the formation of a ‘greater Nagaland’ comprising of the Naga dominated areas of the neighbouring states within India and adjoining areas in Myanmar.

Apart from heading NSCN(Khaplang) and UNLFW, Khaplang is also referred “President” of the ‘Government of the People’s Republic of Nagaland.”

Khaplang has emerged as one of the most important insurgent leader in the northeast in the past two decades. His recent and biggest success was being able to bring five other rebel groups — United Liberation Front of Assam (Independent), Nationalist Socialist Council of Nagaland (Khaplang), Kamatapur Liberation Organization (KLO) and National Democratic Front of Boroland (Songbijit) — under one umbrella and coalesced to form UNLFW.

However, Khaplang signed a truce deal with the Indian government on 27 April, 2001. While the government has had 80 rounds of peace talks with the NSCN-IM, Khaplang has not been invited even once. While the Indian government was trying to broke peace, Khaplang refused to budge and went back to his demand of an independent Northeast and the Naga-inhabited areas in Myanmar.

Tired of waiting, Khaplang repealed the ceasefire agreement in April 2015. Khaplang has come to an understanding with the Tatmadaw (Myanmar’s armed forces), even securing permission to host his allies from the Northeast. He enjoys freedom and autonomy to run his own government. But such a scenario is difficult to imagine in India’s Northeast.

Abrogation of the ceasefire was followed by six attacks on Indian forces – in Nagaland, Manipur and Arunachal, including the one that took killed 18 security personnel in Manipur’s Chandel district on 4 June.