On Nagas of Nagaland State Political solution

By: Dr.R.B. Thohe Pou

The Naga population in 2011 is about 4 million. And the Nagas live in Nagaland, Manipur, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh (North East India) and Myanmar. The Nagas are comprised of various tribes, and the Nagas are culturally, socially and ethnically different from the mainland Indian. Culturally or ethnically, there is not any affinity between the Nagas and the Indian except that the Indian have forcefully invaded the Naga country and occupied in Nagalim since 1956.

How the Nagaland state was formed?
Some of the Nagas of present Nagaland state have forcefully formed the new state of India known as Nagaland state. Now some of the Naga leaders of Nagas of Nagaland want to have a separate Naga political solution for the Nagas in Nagaland only. Do you think that giving Naga Political solution for the Nagas in Nagaland will be easier and more feasible than bringing the Nagas under one administrative unit? The GoI not willing to integrate the Naga inhabited areas under one administrative unit should not be the reason for demanding a separate Naga political for the Nagas in Nagaland only.

The present Nagaland state was allowed to form by GoI without much effort. In fact, it was formed in order to erase the concept of the Naga national movement and to smother the Naga national movement. The GoI treacherously enticed some of the Naga leaders, and eventually formed the present state Nagaland. All the Naga architectures who helped to form the present Nagaland state were alleged to be assassinated by NNC as the Naga national movement cannot compensated in exchange of Nagaland state formation. One should not be too proud and too complacent of having a state like Nagaland under the constitution of India as it was formed to weaken and smother the Naga national movement.

With the formation of Nagaland state, many Nagas in Nagaland are enjoying the fruits of the Nagas (Nagas in Naga land or Nagalim) as the Government of India have been pouring a huge amount of budget EVERY year to Nagaland state to fool the Nagas, and to pull down the Naga national movement. And depending on this easy money from the GoI, many Nagas have gone crazy after money and became lazy unlike their counterpart Nagas who are struggling hard toiling soil with their sweats for their living. It’s very unfortunate and sad that some of the Nagas including the Naga leaders have totally forgotten the purpose of their forefathers’ national movement who have sacrificed their lives for the future Naga generation.

Many Naga people have been observing and crying silently in their heart what were happening recently in the present state Nagaland. And it’s indeed very unfortunate that something is going beyond the state of people mind to continue observing silently. What’s there for the Nagas in present Nagaland state without the Nagas from other parts of the Nagalim? And what’s there for the Nagas in Myanmar or Manipur or any other state without the other Nagas? Do you think that the present Nagas in Nagaland state have become more powerful, popular and bolder without the Nagas from other parts of the Nagas? Do you think the wisdom of some Nagas are taken back by God? Do you think that GoI will pour in more money to Nagaland state if the Nagas in present state of Nagaland demand for a separate Naga political solution?

Some of the Naga leaders from NNC claims to be the sole representative of the Nagas in Nagaland (Nagalim)? And they also claim to be the only Naga National movement which can bring Naga political solution. Do the NNC also endorses the claims of Naga political solution for the Nagas in Nagaland state or do the NNC stands for the whole Nagas?

*What is the main purpose of Naga National movement?*
Is the Naga national movement started by Naga Club and later by the late Phizo – the father of the Naga nation is only for the present state Nagaland state? Even if some of the Naga leaders from the present state Nagaland state are brainwashed by Indian money and other facilities available in the state, and might have forgotten the main purpose of our Naga National movement, anyone can ask any non-Nagas on the purpose of the Naga National movement.

What are the main reasons of some leaders in present state Nagaland who have totally lost their mind, memories and Naga political history from their mind? The main purpose of our National movement is very clear from the beginning till today. And even though some of the Nagas including some of the Naga leaders in present Nagaland state have lost their mind, memories and forgotten the Naga political history, but we should be happy that more than 99% of the Nagas are for our Naga National movement to bring a honourable solution.

*Who recognized the Naga national movement?*
1. The Naga national movement is recognized and supporting by UNPO. The UNPO has recongised Naga as one of the indigenous nation, and give their support for our Nagas rights to self-determination.

2. The Naga International Support Center, Amsterdam, a human rights organization recognized and support the Nagas rights to self-determination. Some of the other Naga factions also trying to connect with NISC to get international support from outside.

3. The Baptist World Baptist Alliance (BWA), also recognized the Naga political problem, and gives their prayer support for Naga reconciliation and early Naga political solution. The Baptist World Alliance (BWA) held at Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia from July 4 to 9 in 2011, affirmed support to the long-protracted Naga issue and with the affirmation, a total of 120 nations federating with BWA would focus to advocate the Naga issue to all corners of the world through prayers.
4. The Indian Government recognized the Naga political problem and the uniqueness of the Naga history, and thus a ceasefire agreement was made to process the Indo-Naga peace-talks.

5. Based on recognition of uniqueness of the Naga history and Naga problem is a political problem, the GOI also made a Framework Agreements on 3rd August 2015.

Then how comes that suddenly some of the Nagas in Nagaland have changed their demand from Naga political movement into Nagaland state political solution? The Nagas outside the present state Nagaland may not have the rights to interfere in state political issue. However, every concern Naga has the rights to interfere in the state political affair when anything that goes against the interest of the Naga national movement. The Naga nationalists were working on to bring all the Nagas (Nagaland, Myanmar, Manipur, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh) as one nation since 1940s.

*Is the Naga nation only for the Nagas in Nagaland state?* Why some of the Nagas of Nagaland have changed the Naga national movement into Nagaland state movement? Why some of the Nagas of Nagaland have lost their vision and hope? Today, some of the frustrated leaders who believe in “Divided we retain our leadership; united we lost our leadership” are leading some section of the Naga people. And some of the Naga gullible people are following them too. Leadership changes too. There can be misunderstanding, jealousy, hatred and ideological differences within a faction, tribe or nation. And out of frustration, hatred, ideological differences or other reasons – some of the leaders may want to retain their leadership by forming a few faction or organization. But one should not mislead other people to pull down the national movement. And also one should not change the Naga national movement into Nagaland state people movement. Kuknalim

Source: http://morungexpress.com/nagas-nagaland-state-political-solution/

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How to reduce corruption?

There are certain rules and laws to be follow in a system. When people violate any rule or law in some particular system, it becomes a corruption.
And to deal this corruption, we should also have our own rules and principles and follow the rules made by the Government. Unless we set a certain rules and law to deal the corruption, we cannot say anything to any one.

When we don’t have certain rules and principles to correct the corrupted people, who are we to question anyone? And who are you to question on others?

We need to understand first the root causes of the corruption and deal accordingly. Corruption cannot be suppress down or remove or reduce through insulting, mockery or defaming the corrupted people in public forum without having our own sets of rules and principles; and also without informing the others in advance.

Therefore, in order to reduce the corruption, let’s all set together some certain rules and principles before we directly insult, mock and defame the corrupted people. 

We may have our own certain rules and principles to deal the corruption, but practically not one can deal this corruption alone or individually – corruption need to deal jointly with a pressure group. 

There are three ways that we can reduce: 

1. Educating the people to reduce the corruption 

2. Implementating the rules and laws strictly and

3. Punishing all those who violate certain rules and laws.

Let’s hope and pray that we make first certain rules and laws to deal with the corrupted people. 

Shangwang Shangyung Khaplang no more

The chief of the Nationalist Socialist Council of Nagaland was born in April 1940 in Waktham village just east of Myanmar’s Pangsau Pass, Khaplang is the youngest of his 10 siblings and is also leading the newly-formed  United Liberation Front of Western South East Asia (UNLFW).

Hailing from Hemi Naga tribe of Myanmar, Khaplang has two homes — one in China’s Yunan province and one in Myanmar. Khaplang has three sons and a daughter and they are settled far from the rebellion. The seeds of insurgency were sown very early in Khaplang’s life after he witnessed events of the World War II as a child.

Khaplang floated Naga Defence Force in 1964. In 1965, Khaplang went on to become the vice-chairman and then the chairman of Eastern Naga Revolutionary Council. According to the report, Khaplang during this period assisted young recruits to go to China for training and it was then when he grew closer to Thuingaleng Muivah, an MA from Gauhati University.

The two later collaborated and formed one of the strongest factions in northeast — Nationalist Socialist Council of Nagaland. The alliance was a strategic step taken by Khaplang so that the rebels from across the Burmese border can easily infiltrate into the Indian territory. And thanks to Khaplang, the main insurgent group was able to build base in the Burmese side.

The outfit became so strong that it was almost running a parallel government, not only in Nagaland, but also in Manipur and Arunachal Pradesh. But the partnership did not last for too long.

In 1988, the Nationalist Socialist Council of Nagaland (Khaplang) was formed after it broke out from NSCN (Isak-Muivah), Thuingaleng Muivah. “Clan rivalries between the Konyaks of Nagaland’s northernmost Mon district, and the Tangkhul Nagas of Manipur’s Ukhrul district, which dominated the NSCN (IM), is cited as one of the main reasons for the split,”.

The Khaplang faction’s main demand was independence of Nagaland.

Objective of the NSCN-K is the formation of a ‘greater Nagaland’ comprising of the Naga dominated areas of the neighbouring states within India and adjoining areas in Myanmar.

Apart from heading NSCN(Khaplang) and UNLFW, Khaplang is also referred “President” of the ‘Government of the People’s Republic of Nagaland.”

Khaplang has emerged as one of the most important insurgent leader in the northeast in the past two decades. His recent and biggest success was being able to bring five other rebel groups — United Liberation Front of Assam (Independent), Nationalist Socialist Council of Nagaland (Khaplang), Kamatapur Liberation Organization (KLO) and National Democratic Front of Boroland (Songbijit) — under one umbrella and coalesced to form UNLFW.

However, Khaplang signed a truce deal with the Indian government on 27 April, 2001. While the government has had 80 rounds of peace talks with the NSCN-IM, Khaplang has not been invited even once. While the Indian government was trying to broke peace, Khaplang refused to budge and went back to his demand of an independent Northeast and the Naga-inhabited areas in Myanmar.

Tired of waiting, Khaplang repealed the ceasefire agreement in April 2015. Khaplang has come to an understanding with the Tatmadaw (Myanmar’s armed forces), even securing permission to host his allies from the Northeast. He enjoys freedom and autonomy to run his own government. But such a scenario is difficult to imagine in India’s Northeast.

Abrogation of the ceasefire was followed by six attacks on Indian forces – in Nagaland, Manipur and Arunachal, including the one that took killed 18 security personnel in Manipur’s Chandel district on 4 June. 

The last will from the legend Khaplang before he takes his last breath

“I have stood under the banner of ‘Nagaland for Christ’ with the hope that my people may see both physical and spiritual freedom from the oppression of the ruthless occupiers. 

I have done my part for the freedom of my people with the little capacity God has given me. And now, the younger generations of Nagaland need to continue the legacy left to you like passed down to us by the elders. Never weaver nor be carried away with the ideologies of the aliens that Nagas do not deserve to be a Nation. 

As a human, I have done many wrongs and forgive me all my failures in this noble venture of our cherished freedom. 

My sons and daughters, please continue to hold on the torch of our freedom until we reach the promised land.” 
SS Khaplang 

Chairman/President 

NSCN/GPRN

19:30hrs Friday 9th June 2017

(Please note that this last will of him in English is an official translation done by Athong Makury, President of the Council of Naga Affairs, Myanmar. CNA claims the copyright of this translation.)

Democratic Progressive Party Press Release

*Office of the Democratic Progressive Party*

Dimapur : Nagaland

17th May, 2017

Press Release

The Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) was formed today at Chumukedima, Dimapur Nagaland at the first General Body Meeting of the party. 
The General Body Meeting also elected the founding office bearers of the party. 

The elected office bearers of the DPP are as follows:-
i) President Mr. Chingwang Konyak

ii) Vice Presidents

a) Mr. Nuzota Swuro

b) Dr. Chumben Murry

c) Mr. K. Sukhalu 

d) Dr. Sukhato 

e) Mr. Menuovilie 

iii) Secretary General Mr. Abu Metha

iv) Treasurer Dr. John Murry

v) General Secretaries a) Mr. Rusemtong Longkumer

b) Mr. Benjamin Lorin 

c) Mr. Pausi Zeliang 
The General Body Meeting also passed the following resolutions:-
In response to the feelings of the masses, who strongly desire for formation of a new political organisation, the House has unanimously resolved to form a new political party to be christened as the Democratic Progressive Party to be known by the acronym DPP.

The DPP unanimously resolves to strengthen the peace process and contribute towards realization of early, honorable and wholesome resolution of the Naga political problem. The DPP will leave no stone unturned in its efforts to mobilize public opinion and support that is aimed at achieving early political solution and the realization of genuine peace, real unity and collective brotherhood.

The DPP will make all out efforts for strengthening of democratic principles at all levels of society and oppose corruption, violence and injustice. The DPP will stand for transparency, strive for respect of human rights and dignity, protect freedom of speech and expression, work for upliftment of weaker and marginalized sections of society, uphold gender equality and endeavor to protect our rich cultural heritage. 

The DPP shall combat social evils and work towards a society that recognizes merit, promotes innovation, supports creativity and allows art to flourish. The party and all its organs will continuously strive for emergence of the people’s voice, the realization of the people’s aspirations and will reflect the desire and will of the masses. The party will be regional in spirit, national in outlook and act in accordance with global issues and concerns that include protection of the environment and responsible actions towards climate change.

The DPP has been formed in response to the call of the masses and accordingly the doors of the DPP are open for all those who aspire to work for the people and are willing to make efforts towards resolution of the political conflict and contribute towards bringing early and honorable political solution in the greater interest of all sections of society.

Later, DPP President, Mr. Chingwang Konyak chaired the first Central Executive Board (CEB) meeting of the party, which was attended by all CEB members. The meeting resolved to work for peace and early solution of the political problem. The meeting also decided to begin the process of enrolment at the earliest after establishment of a fully working secretariat at the Central Headquarters of the Party, which will be situated at Chumukedima, Dimapur, Nagaland. 
( Nuzota Swuro ) ( Chingwang Konyak )

  Vice President             President