A Critical Analysis of NPF’s performance in Manipur Assembly Election (Part I)

A Critical Analysis of NPF’s performance in Manipur Assembly Election
– Part 1 –

NTIMES Facebook *

Nephiu Rio campaigning for NPF candidates in Manipur's Hill districts :: January 21, 2012
Nephiu Rio campaigning for NPF candidates in Manipur’s Hill districts :: January 21, 2012

Nagalim Times (NTIMES) group members in Facebook, the social networking site, gives their comments on NPF winning only 4 out of 12 seats contested in the 10th Manipur Assembly election in 2012. Many expected the party to win most of the seats it contested and therefore winning only 4 seats was argued by many as a failure.

Given below are some of the views shared by the members. We are unable to include all views due to lack of space. Given at the end is a summation of common reasons put forth by members.

Ahem Tuithung writes, “One of the reasons why we failed is because many prominent people lost interest in politics. Most of the voters are villagers and easily tempted with money. I dont see change in the near future because many of the so called “educated Naga youngsters are not interested in politics”

Raymond Ronamai writes, “Our society has changed. People are tired of violence and our Christian values discourages even thinking ill of another person, forget about bloodshed. So, when the insurgents indulged in violent tactics including shooting, kidnapping and beating up civilians, who supported the Congress, the general public was not happy. The outcome of this year’s elections is there for all to see.

Today’s youngsters are exposed to global politics. The scenario will be very different 5 years from now with the young generation taking up the leadership. If the Social Workers resort to violence in the next, it can lead to mass revolution like in the present Arab countries because the educated Naga youngsters may not give in violent tactics easily”

Daniel Yunii writes, “The maiden entrance of NPF into Manipur and their Naga centric agenda makes the meeteis to unite and that is how our congress won”

Christina Panmei writes, “We should not equate NPF with the Nagas of Manipur. The failure of NPF is not the failure of Manipur Nagas. NPF is just a political party like any other political party with its aims and objectives. 1. Its foundation is very weak in Manipur. 2. Its level of campaign is low comparing to other parties. 3. Its entry is quite late in Manipur”

Bishung George Maram writes, “Actually some of our leaders work for our right and they even introduced NPF in Manipur, to let others know what Nagas are. But we Nagas have lots of misunderstanding among ourselves, regarding our Naga issue. NPF failed not because of Party but because of the individual candidates. Our leaders didn’t choose the right candidate; they only run after money.

They never took the views of public; candidates were chosen by just 1or 2 leaders with their own interest. The public do not like forcing to vote and that is one of the main reason some people moved to congress. If the leaders/NSCN and public would have proper discussions before the election about the issue, I believe that 12 out of 12 seats could have been won”

Dipandimmang Kahmei also writes, “Nagas in Manipur are, in fact, candidate-oriented and not party-oriented” Albert Daiho writes, “NPF failed because they were misinformed. Choosing of candidates should have been done properly”

Dominic Kojing Shilshi, writes, “NPF may work out in Nagaland but not in Manipur.
(1) NPF by definition is limited to Nagas
(2) All tribal in Manipur are not Nagas, therefore, NPF further divides the tribes in the state rather than playing inclusive politics. Surely the other tribes in the state will be uncomfortable with their presence, not only the meiteis. In such situation, failure is inevitable. But I must say that they got what they have and they cannot expect more out of nothing”

Thohe Pou writes, ”
1. NPF launched in Manipur too late.
2. NPF campaigners could not convince the village leaders.
3. UNC past mistakes is one of the most important factors for some leaders for not supporting the NPF
4. The villagers do not know the main purposes of launching NPF in Manipur.
5. Many educated people are shortsighted, ignorant and impatient about the Naga cause.
6. The villagers do not see beyond their Candidate.
7. UNC and the NPF leaders could not choose some of the Right Candidates, which has created some misunderstanding and divide the votes.
8. NPF is a threat to Manipur integration for the non-Nagas.
9. Some of the NPF supporters using muscle power, violence and threat created the atmosphere very bad in some villages/towns, which led to go against the NPF party.
10. Money plays a very important role in election but the NPF candidates are too poor to compete with the Congress leaders who are well settled and took the position in well advance”

Christina Panmei writes, “To say NPF does not have good muscle power is too lame. Infact it is due to their excess muscle power some people move away from the party. No one wants to be forced that is the nature of human. If they were to do lots of campaign at the village level well instead of having faith in the power of gun, they would have done much better with the kind of aims they have for Nagas of Manipur. Let’s learn from this mistake and do better next time. As a politician they need to beg the voter and earn their vote instead of forcing them”

Mel Naga writes, “NPF candidates relied too much on muscle power. They thought muscle power with gun will do all the work to put them on the throne, on the other hand, some of the leaders were busy minting money from the congress candidates”

Sanchiyuk Thongam writes, “why NPF fail because no one like communal based politics, no one like to go on threaten as it encroach upon the pride of individual, it’ will be better to remember that Feudalism has died long time ago”

Somipam Vashum writes, “NSCN over look to the people interest, they thought that their judgment are the best which is never true, and I too support when we say that NPF didn’t have time for campaign. The policies and manifesto of NPF is the best for Nagas but sending the wrong person to the right place turns the outcome into looser”

Reis Vashum writes, “Fielding candidates on their personal grounds by few IM sympathizers, relatives of higher commands and forcing, threatening, and physical abuse by the cadres of IM with orders from regional/higher commands makes most of the public to opt to vote for INC and other parties. Instead of begging the public like the other successful political party does; they should understand that we are living in the age where brain n computers work but not Gun and muscle power”

Ephrii Pfoze writes, “People failed to understand that congress will never fight for the rights of the Nagas” Thonii Rozhemai writes, “NPF fail in Manipur because there is no leader to lead them, NPF fail because they are waiting orders”

Albert Daiho writes, “From my 1:1 interaction with the voters, I have found some major factors in Poumai and Mao areas viz: personal gain possibility in the future, buying votes, use of muscle power, village factor, Naga Issue, personal Issues, inter-village factor, relatives factor, policies of the candidate (if the candidate had contested before or is/was in power), capability of the candidate, development. All the factors are not mutually exclusive”

Canaan Kasar writes, “Meities hates Ibobi but because of Manipur integration, they voted him in power. Naga people talks about Naga politics but in reality they know not. Had they understood Naga politics, they would have voted for NPF. Naga people take their decision and not basing on political objective and vision. There is no future for those people who takes decision out of hate, confusion and pride”

Reishang Muinao writes, “As a matter of fact, money can buy the will and choice of most villagers! So it’s not only force that changed the scenario”

Fischer Mimin Haokip writes, ” Whether NPF failed or not, it is laudable that you guys got a political party”

Maya Angkang writes, “Winning 4 seats Out of 12 is not bad in terms of percentage but in terms of FACT its worst. The fact is that if NSCN (I-M) did not involve NPF will not get a single seat. All this 4 seats credit should go to our underground so call freedom fighter. If they dont force the public and threat, NPF will be zero. And instead of realizing their mistakes NPF is so happy and celebrating for their 4 seats. Only God can help NPF. NPF (Need Prayer & Fasting)”

Chenithung Humtsoe writes “The choice lies with our Naga brothers and sisters from Manipur. Take it or leave it, you alone can do it”

Luikham Naga writes,
1. Use of excessive forces by NSCN IM cadres thinking this is the last bus/option.
2. Many educated Nagas who could help mobilize and help win the hearts and understanding of many who are confined in the villages / jungles are away from far home. Just like me and you whose votes are not even cast.
3. Lack of political wills and consciences of our leaders/people.
4. We uses forces, gun and muscles to get votes while they use power, tactics, money and brain to draw peoples attentions to win peoples support/vote.
5. Re-poll and Re-poll was also one of the main factors, which has reduce the expected numbers. Most importantly we’ve failed to understand among ourselves and also failed to acknowledge & controlled the situations. Good that we’ve realised all these. Eventually, let’s wish all the best, support to those 4 elected and keep hoping for the best for the future.

To be continued … 

Photo Courtesy: e-pao.net

Edited by:
Dr. Thohe Pou, Admin. of Nagalim Times group in facebook.com

Nagaland BJP supports ENPO’s statehood demand

NTIMES 13MARCH: Nagaland BJP supports ENPO’s statehood demand

Dimapur, (MExN): The Nagaland unit of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) issued a statement saying that the party has decided to support what it called the “separate political entity” being demanded by an organization representing the so-asserted “eastern Nagas.” The party has said that the people of “eastern Nagaland” should be “accorded constitutional status that they aspire for.”

The BJP said that the party’s state leadership took a “physical tour” of Mon, Tuensang, Longleng and Kiphire districts and culminated the tour with what it called “review consultative” meeting with Eastern Nagaland People’s Organization (ENPO) officials at Saramati Hotel in Dimapur on March 3. The statement received here was appended by Yambos Murry, general secretary of the party’s Nagaland unit.

“In the course of a brain storming analysis and threadbare discussion, the BJP State unit leadership has collectively decided to wholeheartedly support the ‘eastern Naga political aspirations’ of their long standing and justified ‘political cause’ of a ‘separate political entity,’ the party stated.

The BJP “acknowledges the ‘unique background’ and ‘separate entity’ of the eastern Naga people; appreciates the contribution of ENPO and tribal constituent Leaders and common man’s participation for a genuine and just cause; encourages the people of eastern Nagaland to always have a glimmer of hope that some day due justice will be honorably awarded; join hands together for further progress of eastern Naga people’s movement’ and ‘affirms that the people of eastern Nagaland should be accorded constitutional status that they aspire for.”

The unit has urged the BJP’s central Leadership in Delhi to take up “this burning issue on a top priority basis in our Parliament at the earliest possible time frame and effect a change as given under Article 3 Formation of new states and alteration of areas, boundaries or names of existing states.”

Maoists establishing bases in NE: Centre

NTIMES 14MARCH: Maoists establishing bases in NE: Centre

NEW DELHI, March 13 – The Centre has formally confirmed that North Eastern States, including Assam and Arunachal Pradesh, have become theatre of CPI (Maoists) activities. Organisational bases are being established to forge links with the insurgent groups of the region.

The CPI (Maoists) of the main Left Wing Extremists (LWE) Group have been trying to expand their activities in various parts of the country and to establish bases in the North-East with a view to forge relations with other insurgent groups to meet its military requirements, Minister of State for Home Affairs, Jitendra Singh said in reply to a joint question by 16 MPs including Ramen Deka.

In Assam, the Maoists have stepped up their activities. The Upper Assam Leading Committee (UALC) of the CPM (Maoists) is currently operating in the State and adjoining Arunachal Pradesh and have been involved in incidents of looting of weapons and extortions from local villagers, the Minister revealed.

The UALC is also engaged in recruitment and training of cadres for the outfit in Assam. These cadres have been utilised in extensive propaganda against mega dams in Assam, the Minister added.

In this backdrop Assam-Arunachal Pradesh border has emerged as another theatre of Maoists activities. The outfit is also establishing separate channels in the North-East, particularly in Nagaland for procurement of ammunition, Singh said.

The CPI (Maoists) has developed close ties with insurgent groups like Revolutionary Peoples Front (RPF) and Peoples’ Liberation Army of Manipur. Both the outfits have agreed upon mutual cooperation in the areas of training, funding, supply of arms and ammunition.

The CPI (Maoist) has close links with foreign Maoists organisations in Philippines and Turkey among others. The outfit is also a member of ‘Coordination Committee of Maoist Parties and Organisations of South Asia (CCOMPOSA). The Maoists parties of South Asia are members of this conglomerate. The forays of CPI (Maoists) into the sensitive North Eastern State are fraught with serious strategic implications, since it has potential trans-border possibilities.

The Government is closely monitoring the situation, the Minister of State said.

According to the figures given by the Minister, one incident of Maoists violence was recorded in Assam in 2010, and it increased to three incidents last year. This year, one incident has been recorded. AT

NNC welcomes FNR resolution

NTIMES 13MARCH;  NNC welcomes FNR resolution

Dimapur, March 12 (MExN): The NNC said today that after thorough deliberation on “the matter” of Forum for Naga Reconciliation’s (FNR) resolutions adopted on February 29, 2012, “welcomes especially the 3rd resolution made about the NNC this time as rightly stated.”

However, the NNC said in a note today, that “there was nothing about the present NNC leaders who participated in the Naga plebiscite and who have worked for Naga freedom from the formation of the Naga government until date.” The note was appended by NNC vice president Royim Yimchungrii.

“In fact, the very stand taken by the FNR this time is appreciated and supported by the Parent Body of the Nagas (NNC). This manner of stating the political facts about the NNC’s historical and political rights will bring Reconciliation in reality in the Homeland as well as lead us to the right path to Naga Freedom.”

The NNC appealed that “there be no more confrontation and killing in the Naga homeland henceforth, as the path of non-violence is the best political stand and policy as adopted by the NNC from the very inception of the Naga political struggle for recognition of its historical and political rights for sovereignty.” The NNC always “stands for real peace and Naga national unity in the homeland,” it added.

NTIMES 13MARCH: NSCN/GPRN (NSCN-IM) on Naga Reconciliation Meeting

DIMAPUR, MARCH 12 (MExN): A Joint Council Meeting was held on the 3rd March 2012 at Hebron to discuss the resolutions adopted in the mammoth Reconciliation meeting held on 29th February 2012 at Agri Expo Centre, Dimapur, stated a press note issued by the MIP. After a lengthy debate for three hours on the resolutions the house unanimously agreed that the resolutions “contained certain flaws and politically untenable points and that the house arrived at the following decisions in order to keep the records straight”.

Firstly the NSCN appreciated the tireless efforts of the Forum for Naga Reconciliation (FNR) for bringing “all the Naga political groups or factions into one fold.” However, it stated that the “NSCN deeply regret the way the FNR conducted the meeting”.

Secondly, it said “NSCN placed on record that the platform was misused by certain vested interests and thirdly, “in order to salvage the interest and cause of the Nation, the NSCN cannot accept the resolutions in Toto”.

Manipur Election 2012: Congress wins by thumping majority

NTIMES 6MARCH: Manipur Elections 2012: Congress wins by thumping majority

Imphal: In perhaps the only solace to the Congress government in the state Assembly elections 2012, the Manipur electorate gave a thumping majority to the party, helping it win 42 seats out of 60. The party scored a hat-trick and returned to power in the northeastern state, helped by a fragmented opposition.

The Trinamool Congress, part of an 11-party Peoples Democratic Alliance, made an impressive debut winning seven seats, followed by the Naga Peoples’ Font (NPF) that bagged four seats. The TMC had a sole member in the outgoing House. Other partners of the alliance together with the Trinamool Congress were able to secure only 16 seats.

The People’s Democratic Party (PDF), meanwhile, secured one seat, while others notched six seats.

There was jubilation in Congress camps across the state after Chief Minister Okram Ibobi Singh retained his Thoubal seat, defeating his rival from the BJP Indira Oinam by a huge margin of over 15,000 votes.

Following suit, Ibobi Singh’s wife Landhoni Devi also won the Khangabok seat by defeating rival Jatra Singh of Manipur People’s Party (MPP) by a huge margin of over 9,000 votes. Khangabok was the constituency of the chief minister earlier.

Opposition parties received a severe jolt after three leaders, Radhabinod Koijam of the NCP, O Joy Singh and Th Chaoba Singh of MPP, lost to their rivals. Koijam, who is the leader of the Opposition in the outgoing Manipur Assembly, is a former chief minister. Koijam was instrumental for bringing the 11 non-congress parties under one anti-Congress alliance – Peoples’ Democratic Alliance (PDA).

The BJP which contested 19 seats drew a blank. The CPI, which was a former coalition partner of the Congress in the erstwhile Secular Democratic Front failed to win a single seat. CPI candidate and Agriculture minister, Ph Parijat Singh, who had won from Lamlai four times was defeated by the Congress’ K Biren Singh. The CPI had contested 24 seats.

Meanwhile, senior Congress leader and Forest minister Th Debendra Singh won from Jiribam. Among two Congress ministers who lost were Minority minister Alauddin Khan from Keirao and Education minister DD Thaisi in Karong.
Okram Ibobi Singh will be the second chief minister in the northeast to make it to the top seat for the third consecutive time in recent times after Assam Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi.

While Gogoi brought the party to power in Assam in 2001, 2006 and 2011, Ibobi Singh had single-handedly brought the Congress to power in Manipur in 2002 and in 2007.
Congress spokesman in Manipur N Biren Singh, who has won from the Heingang constituency, said the Congress party is going to form the next government in the state. “We are going to win not less than 35 seats this time,” he said.

In Manipur, the Congress had a tough battle this time as at least 11 non-Congress parties have formed an alliance to stop the Congress from coming to power. The non-Congress parties included the NCP, Manipur People’s Party (MPP), CPI, CPI-M, JD-U, National People’s Party (NPP), Manipur State Congress Party (MSCP), Trinamool Congress, Lok Jana Shakti Party, BJP and the Naga People’s Front (NPF).

What had made it worse for the Congress is the fact that at least seven militant outfits had imposed a ban on the party. The militants also attacked several Congress candidates and supporters ahead of the January 28 polls.CNN-IBN (With additional inputs from IANS and PTI)

Resolutions made during the Naga Reconciliation Meeting

NTIMES 1Mar:  Resolutions made during the Naga Reconciliation Meeting


The Naga Reconciliation Meeting, called by the Forum for Naga Reconciliation and supported by the signatories of the “Covenant of Reconciliation”, the “Naga Concordant”, churches, Naga peoples and its tribe organizations, women organizations, student bodies, youth organizations, the Dubashis and the Gaon Buras and village leaders on February 29, 2012, at Dimapur, Nagaland, resolves the following:


Resolution 1: ADMITS a long history of Naga conflict that has broken relationships, robbed identities, stripped dignity, and inflicted deep and inexpressible pain to the Naga people.


CONFESSES our own sinful silence and deeply regrettable history of implicit and complicit involvement leading to deepening divisions and suspicions.


ACKNOWLEDGES AND APPRECIATES those who have already publicly and formally apologized and sought forgiveness from each other and repented for their and their government’s involvement in these bitter conflicts.


APPLAUDS those who have walked the Journey of Common Hope and stand for Naga Reconciliation. Although often left nameless, their story is truly powerful.


INVITES as always, all Naga national political groups to the Naga Reconciliation: A Journey of Common Hope, for a shared future. Naga Reconciliation will not be complete if all groups do not respond to the call for reconciliation.


CALLS on all Nagas and their neighbors to stand against pervasive elements, support endeavors to eradicate it, and responsibly take steps to create a common humanity.


WE RESOLVE to prayerfully join hands together and walk the path of Naga Reconciliation.


Resolution 2:MAINTAIN ongoing concern about the armed conflicts and other human rights violation in Naga areas and for this the Naga people express abhorrence.


CALLS upon all armed confrontations to cease with immediate effect, from this day February 29, 2012, and to decisively take steps towards Naga reconciliation.


ENCOURAGES all Naga Church, civil organizations and the public to pursue its course to ensure cessation of armed confrontation among the Naga groups.


Resolution 3:ACKNOWEDGES the monumental role of the Naga National Council (NNC) and its contribution under the presidencies of Mr. T Aliba Imti, Mr. Mhondamo Kithan, Mr. Visar Angami and Dr. AZ Phizo, for upholding the historical and political rights of the Nagas and their lands.


RECORDS the commitment and contribution of other Naga national political groups and their leaders –Mr. SS Khaplang, Gen (Retd) Khole Konyak, and Brig (Retd) S Singnya, in safeguarding the historical and political rights of the Naga people and their lands.


RECOGNIZES that sovereignty of the Naga people is at the core of the uniqueness of the Naga historical and political rights. This right was officially validated by the Government of India when it recognized the “Unique History and Situation of the Nagas” in Amsterdam on July 11, 2002. While acknowledging and putting into record the achievement of Mr. Isak Chishi Swu and Mr. Th Muivah for securing this recognition from the Government of India, this right belongs to the Nagas.


AFFIRMS that Nagas are a sovereign people who uphold the principle that sovereignty lies with the people and hence abide by the concept that the will of the people is supreme.


EMPHASIZES that the historical and political rights of the Naga should form the basis of any political solution. Founded on this premise, any negotiation process must focus on how Nagas can determine, safeguard and exercise their historical and political rights in a contemporary and inter-related world.


THEREFORE CALLS upon all Naga national political groups and the people henceforth, to jointly pursue this common cause of realizing and determining our Naga historical and political rights.


Resolution 4:OFFER sincere thanks to the NBCC, other Church bodies, the Naga Hoho, ENPO, tribe Hohos, GB’s and DB’s and all other women, students, village organizations for their tireless support to the Naga Reconciliation process.


EXPRESSES sincere gratitude to the concerned Nagaland State Government for logistic support for the cause of peace and reconciliation.


GIVES THANKS to all the people living in Naga areas and our neighbors in supporting Just Peace and Reconciliation in the land.


APPRECIATES the GOI for its commitment to solve the Indo-Naga political matter without further delay through the path of non-violence.


Recommendation:EXPRESSES concern for the next step in the Journey of Common Hope and therefore, the FNR recognizes the urgency of all Naga national political groups and the people to render support to the Naga reconciliation process. In that spirit, we therefore recommend as a matter of urgency the formation of a new expert body to consult, provide and ensure all intellectual, spiritual, logistic and technical expertise necessary towards the next step of the Journey of Common Hope for a shared common future in all urgency and concern.


IMPLORES upon all Naga groups to join “Naga Reconciliation: A Journey of Common Hope” and to ensure that the reconciliation process become truly inclusive and liberative in its implementation.


Forum for Naga ReconciliationFebruary 29, 2012