On Nagas of Nagaland State Political solution

By: Dr.R.B. Thohe Pou

The Naga population in 2011 is about 4 million. And the Nagas live in Nagaland, Manipur, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh (North East India) and Myanmar. The Nagas are comprised of various tribes, and the Nagas are culturally, socially and ethnically different from the mainland Indian. Culturally or ethnically, there is not any affinity between the Nagas and the Indian except that the Indian have forcefully invaded the Naga country and occupied in Nagalim since 1956.

How the Nagaland state was formed?
Some of the Nagas of present Nagaland state have forcefully formed the new state of India known as Nagaland state. Now some of the Naga leaders of Nagas of Nagaland want to have a separate Naga political solution for the Nagas in Nagaland only. Do you think that giving Naga Political solution for the Nagas in Nagaland will be easier and more feasible than bringing the Nagas under one administrative unit? The GoI not willing to integrate the Naga inhabited areas under one administrative unit should not be the reason for demanding a separate Naga political for the Nagas in Nagaland only.

The present Nagaland state was allowed to form by GoI without much effort. In fact, it was formed in order to erase the concept of the Naga national movement and to smother the Naga national movement. The GoI treacherously enticed some of the Naga leaders, and eventually formed the present state Nagaland. All the Naga architectures who helped to form the present Nagaland state were alleged to be assassinated by NNC as the Naga national movement cannot compensated in exchange of Nagaland state formation. One should not be too proud and too complacent of having a state like Nagaland under the constitution of India as it was formed to weaken and smother the Naga national movement.

With the formation of Nagaland state, many Nagas in Nagaland are enjoying the fruits of the Nagas (Nagas in Naga land or Nagalim) as the Government of India have been pouring a huge amount of budget EVERY year to Nagaland state to fool the Nagas, and to pull down the Naga national movement. And depending on this easy money from the GoI, many Nagas have gone crazy after money and became lazy unlike their counterpart Nagas who are struggling hard toiling soil with their sweats for their living. It’s very unfortunate and sad that some of the Nagas including the Naga leaders have totally forgotten the purpose of their forefathers’ national movement who have sacrificed their lives for the future Naga generation.

Many Naga people have been observing and crying silently in their heart what were happening recently in the present state Nagaland. And it’s indeed very unfortunate that something is going beyond the state of people mind to continue observing silently. What’s there for the Nagas in present Nagaland state without the Nagas from other parts of the Nagalim? And what’s there for the Nagas in Myanmar or Manipur or any other state without the other Nagas? Do you think that the present Nagas in Nagaland state have become more powerful, popular and bolder without the Nagas from other parts of the Nagas? Do you think the wisdom of some Nagas are taken back by God? Do you think that GoI will pour in more money to Nagaland state if the Nagas in present state of Nagaland demand for a separate Naga political solution?

Some of the Naga leaders from NNC claims to be the sole representative of the Nagas in Nagaland (Nagalim)? And they also claim to be the only Naga National movement which can bring Naga political solution. Do the NNC also endorses the claims of Naga political solution for the Nagas in Nagaland state or do the NNC stands for the whole Nagas?

*What is the main purpose of Naga National movement?*
Is the Naga national movement started by Naga Club and later by the late Phizo – the father of the Naga nation is only for the present state Nagaland state? Even if some of the Naga leaders from the present state Nagaland state are brainwashed by Indian money and other facilities available in the state, and might have forgotten the main purpose of our Naga National movement, anyone can ask any non-Nagas on the purpose of the Naga National movement.

What are the main reasons of some leaders in present state Nagaland who have totally lost their mind, memories and Naga political history from their mind? The main purpose of our National movement is very clear from the beginning till today. And even though some of the Nagas including some of the Naga leaders in present Nagaland state have lost their mind, memories and forgotten the Naga political history, but we should be happy that more than 99% of the Nagas are for our Naga National movement to bring a honourable solution.

*Who recognized the Naga national movement?*
1. The Naga national movement is recognized and supporting by UNPO. The UNPO has recongised Naga as one of the indigenous nation, and give their support for our Nagas rights to self-determination.

2. The Naga International Support Center, Amsterdam, a human rights organization recognized and support the Nagas rights to self-determination. Some of the other Naga factions also trying to connect with NISC to get international support from outside.

3. The Baptist World Baptist Alliance (BWA), also recognized the Naga political problem, and gives their prayer support for Naga reconciliation and early Naga political solution. The Baptist World Alliance (BWA) held at Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia from July 4 to 9 in 2011, affirmed support to the long-protracted Naga issue and with the affirmation, a total of 120 nations federating with BWA would focus to advocate the Naga issue to all corners of the world through prayers.
4. The Indian Government recognized the Naga political problem and the uniqueness of the Naga history, and thus a ceasefire agreement was made to process the Indo-Naga peace-talks.

5. Based on recognition of uniqueness of the Naga history and Naga problem is a political problem, the GOI also made a Framework Agreements on 3rd August 2015.

Then how comes that suddenly some of the Nagas in Nagaland have changed their demand from Naga political movement into Nagaland state political solution? The Nagas outside the present state Nagaland may not have the rights to interfere in state political issue. However, every concern Naga has the rights to interfere in the state political affair when anything that goes against the interest of the Naga national movement. The Naga nationalists were working on to bring all the Nagas (Nagaland, Myanmar, Manipur, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh) as one nation since 1940s.

*Is the Naga nation only for the Nagas in Nagaland state?* Why some of the Nagas of Nagaland have changed the Naga national movement into Nagaland state movement? Why some of the Nagas of Nagaland have lost their vision and hope? Today, some of the frustrated leaders who believe in “Divided we retain our leadership; united we lost our leadership” are leading some section of the Naga people. And some of the Naga gullible people are following them too. Leadership changes too. There can be misunderstanding, jealousy, hatred and ideological differences within a faction, tribe or nation. And out of frustration, hatred, ideological differences or other reasons – some of the leaders may want to retain their leadership by forming a few faction or organization. But one should not mislead other people to pull down the national movement. And also one should not change the Naga national movement into Nagaland state people movement. Kuknalim

Source: http://morungexpress.com/nagas-nagaland-state-political-solution/

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‘Framework Agreement will protect Naga rights’

May 13, 2017

*81 senior NSCN (IM) members from Nagaland State issue statement supporting Framework Agreement

DIMAPUR, MAY 12 (MExN): Eighty one senior members of the NSCN (IM) from Nagaland State today issued a joint statement assuring that the Framework Agreement “does not betray the principle of the Nagas;” and “it will protect the right of the Nagas and guarantee the security of India as well.”

The statement, appended by 24 Steering Executive Members and 57 Kilonsers, said that the agreement will promote and strengthen harmonious interdependent relationship of the two nations. “We are confident that it will open a great opportunity for the Nagas to develop themselves into their fullest size – materially, intellectually, spiritually and socially,” it added.

The Framework Agreement, it said, “has turned the politics of confrontation and opposition into the politics of dialogue and cooperation; it has turned our enemies into our friends; it has turned repressing of our right into respect of our right; it has turned suppression of our right into recognition of our right; it has turned the threat of our future into protection of our future.”

This agreement, the statement claimed, would “heal the scars of war and the wounds of oppression and persecution imprinted in the body and mind of the Nagas.” “It will rebuild the damaged psychology and broken relationship of the two people. It will be a strong bridge between the Nagas and the Indians for generations. It will provide an ample opportunity to the two peoples to building a highway of peace and progress in the region in particular and South East Asia in general.”

The joint statement however also pointed out that “communal and factional cards” are being played by the “agencies of GoI, which cannot be justified at all when both the parties are looking for genuine solution at the highest level.”

“Entertaining the ill-opinions of anti-peace process elements is another sign of insincerity or double-standard. However, the Naga people hope and trust that GoI and NSCN will overcome all these hurdles and come to a smooth landing,” it added.

It meanwhile lamented that “there are some people from some quarters who are out there talking of other option.” Reminding that the Nagas have had “bitter experiences of Indian duplicity and imposition of their will upon them in past negotiations,” the statement termed it a “futile exercise for any actors if the propagated option is to be a kind of political arrangement within the parameter of the Indian constitution.”

“Repeated shouting for principle is not enough, it must accompany with the survival strategy and policy for solution,” it said.

There are also other people who are trying to interpret the issue in terms of number, not truth, the statement claimed. “It is a dangerous political hypothesis if the claimed number does not represent the issue. We view the Naga national issue as sacrosanct because everything of the Nagas is in there. It must be defended at all costs and fought out even to the last man,” it asserted.

Meanwhile, the 81 senior NSCN (IM) members reassured neighboring peoples and nations that the “Nagas bear no ill-will towards any of them.” “The Nagas are for a harmonious interdependent relationship with them but on equal footing. Framework Agreement is about the Indo-Naga political issue. It is about the issue of the Nagas and their territories,” they said

The Naga people, it said, are not opposed to their issues. “They are for a peaceful and harmonious relationship with them on the basis of mutual respect and recognition of their respective rights.”

FA about Nagas and territories : NSCN IM

MAY 13, 2017 BY THESANGAIEXPRESS 
DIMAPUR, May 12: In an attempt to clear the air of confusion on the Framework Agreement signed between the NSCN-IM and the Government of India on August 3, 2015, top NSCN-IM leaders from the State of Nagaland stated that the Framework Agreement which “embraces all Nagas and their territories is based on the uniqueness of Naga history”.

The NSCN-IM leaders from the State of Nagaland numbering 81 in total issued a joint press statement today saying the Framework Agreement speaks about mutual recognition of sovereign rights of the two people clearly stating that sovereignty of the Nagas lies with the Naga people and the sovereignty of India lies with the Indian people. According to the joint statement, the Framework Agreement also speaks about recognition of the Naga identity and territories.

“But, the authors of the agreement did not stop there. They further took the commendable step in making the wise decision for co-existence and shared-sovereignty of the two entities in order to arrive at an honorable and durable solution. Rest assured that this agreement does not betray the principle of the Nagas; it will protect the right of the Nagas and guarantee the security of India as well; it will promote and strengthen harmonious interdependent relationship of the two Nations. We are confident that it will open a great opportunity for the Nagas to develop themselves into their fullest size – materially, intellectually, spiritually and socially,” said the joint statement of the NSCN-IM leaders from the State of Nagaland.

It said that history will speak of the fact that the Nagas are a sovereign independent people from time immemorial. “Of course, in the early part of the nineteenth century, the British imperialist forces occupied a part of Nagalim after 48 years long bloody confrontations with the Nagas,” it added. However, the rest part remained free from any alien power, which was called ‘Free Nagas’. It is also a fact that the Nagas from the British occupied areas declared their independence on August 14, 1947 a day ahead of India and united with the ‘Free Nagas.’ The principle of ‘free Nagas’ is the foundation of Naga politics and their unique history. The plebiscite conducted in 1951 was a reaffirmation of the stand of the Naga People on their National principle, the joint statement also said.

“Ours is a case of invasion and that it is a resistance movement against the aggressor States of India and Myanmar in defence of our National principle. Our negotiation with the Government of India (GoI) is principle-based. So obviously, solution to the problem will also be principle-based,” the statement said.

“We reassure our neighboring peoples and Nations that the Nagas bear no ill-will towards any of them. The Nagas are for a harmonious interdependent relationship with them but on equal footing. Framework Agreement is about the Indo-Naga political issue. It is about the issue of the Nagas and their territories,” the statement also said.
According to the joint statement, the Naga people are not opposed to their issues. It added that they are for a peaceful and harmonious relationship with them on the basis of mutual respect and recognition of their respective rights.

Source : http://www.thesangaiexpress.com/fa-nagas-territories-nscn-im/

NSCN agrees to ‘shared sovereignty’

TNN | Updated: May 10, 2017, 03.26AM IST

HIGHLIGHTS

In 2015, the NSCN (I-M) and the Centre signed a ‘framework agreement’ in the presence of PM Modi for a final settlementThis development comes after 37 years of armed struggle and 20 years of negotiations

GUWAHATI: The National Socialist Council of Nagaland, Isak-Muivah (NSCN-IM), after 37 years of armed struggle and 20 years of negotiations, has finally settled for ‘co-existing together with shared sovereignty’ — a new experiment that a federal India with strong unitary features will embark on with the signing of apeace agreement soon. In a statement, a spokesperson of NSCN (I-M) said, “As of now, the Nagas have agreed to co-exist together under shared sovereignty. The ongoing Indo-Naga political talks are progressing smoothly. The framework agreement, which will ensure peaceful coexistence between the Nagas and India with shared sovereignty, will surely usher in peace and a brighter political era for the Nagas.”
In August, 2015, the NSCN (I-M) and the Centre signed a ‘framework agreement’ in the presence of Prime Minister Narendra Modi for a final settlement. Though the exact meaning of shared sovereignty hasn’t been divulged yet, sources hinted at the possibility of Nagas getting a separate constitution, flag, parliament and judiciary. The spokesperson added that the government, in the ‘framework agreement’ has recognized the Nagas’ sovereignty and has also accepted that the Nagas are unique people with a separate entity and sovereign rights. “India has recognized the uniqueness of Naga history and culture.

The Nagas were independent before the arrival of the British. Only a part of Nagalim was conquered by the British. There is no merger agreement between the Nagas and India. India invaded Nagalim and set up arbitrary boundaries ” the spokesperson further said.

Pangsha Range Council slam construction of trench along Intl border

Pangsha Range Council (PRC) under Tuensang district has expressed strong condemnation against destruction of environment by the “felonious act” of both the governments of India and Myanmar of construction the ongoing trench at the International Trade Centre (ITS, Dan) that seeks to divide the same Khiamniungan Nagas who find themselves on both sides of the international border.
PRC pointed out that the construction of the trench dividing Khiamniungans was being done by cutting of forests belonging to the indigenous people besides destroying the water pipeline connection in addition to “merciless act towards the people of Wolam(Pangsha).
While condemning the Indian and Myanmar governments for the inhuman act, the PRC reiterated its belief in peaceful environment and freedom without separation of the tribe by the trench.
PRC said Khiamniungans have always lived as one community but after British colonialism, an imaginary line was drawn between India and Myanmar where blood relations found themselves separated by the trench.
In conclusion, PRC has reiterated that the community will not be divided by the imaginary line and would not have any biased feelings just because of the “egoistic motive” of those involved in construction of the dividing trench.

Naga Soldier

I shun my home, my family, my love.
To serve my Mother is a soldiers’ sacrifice.
To brave and lead towards the foe!
Some will die for Mother’s freedom sake.

Duty to serve, duty to risk,
To run the gauntlet, I gave my life for country.
My blood I paid as ransom of my country’s freedom,
The ultimate cost for freedom’s sake.

Families pride though little solace.
I Sacrificed… Myself for country sake.
Near and dears ones I know not,
Their hearts are torn, grief for me.

The jungles are my home, trees my friends.
The songs of birds reminds me of my youths,
The rivers play me some melancholy music.
As I lay down on the rock, my eye moistened.

Sacrifice for thee my Mother, my Pride,
Though I bear the solemn grief, with pride I wear.
Let my countrymen curve my name on my grave stone,
That my children with tears will bear a pride.

Dedicated to my True Naga Soldier

With Love, Kendy Pamei

No giving up on sovereignty, integration: Muivah

NSCN (I-M) ato kilonser Th. Muivah has affirmed that there was no question of giving up Naga sovereignty and integration issue.
Maintaining that NSCN (I-M) would never give up both issues, he said there were “some people” who were trying to create situations in a very “treacherous” manner by spreading “meaningless propagandas”.
Addressing hundreds of Nagas from Nagaland, Manipur, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh and Myanmar (Burma), who joined the celebration of 69th “Naga Independence” Friday at NSCN (I-M)’s council headquarters, Hebron, Th. Muivah assured the Nagas that the talk was inclusive of “our sovereign right and integration”. No force could stop the Nagas from exercising their rights, he added.

During several rounds of talks between government of India and NSCN (I-M), Muivah said the group had categorically pointed out that Nagas have been kept divided by the external forces and not by Nagas themselves and that they (Nagas) have every right to be integrated into one.

“Nagas have every right to be one, to live as one under our own administration, this right can never be questioned by anyone…we are standing for integration at any cost, we have to work it out” said Muivah.
Time and again, Muivah said NSCN (I-M) have told government of India that whenever any problem arise between Nagas and the “neighbouring people”, government of India attempt to “please others” at the expense of the Nagas, which, he said was an “insult” to the Nagas.

Muivah said NSCN (I-M) have been maintaining that without integration there would be no solution whatsoever and that if government of India wanted to solve Naga issue it should honour integration of the Nagas.
After many rounds of talks, he said government of India also understood the “unique history and unique situation” of the Nagas and agreed to find out a way to “work out” for integration as there were “some practical difficulties”.
Stating that Nagas today want to understand their neighbours and respect their rights, he said likewise the neighbours should also respect the rights of the Nagas as it was the “only way to understand each other”.
On sovereignty, Muivah said that Nagas would never give up their sovereign rights and would not choose to be under the Indians by ignoring their history.

He said Nagas and India have come to understand each other and for which they have recently signed a “framework agreement” respecting the wishes of people for sharing the sovereign power as defined in the competencies.
Earlier, in his key note address, Muivah highlighted the political talks and the recently signed Naga Peace Accord. He reiterated that time has come for the Nagas to “come together and understand each other”.

Muivah said if Nagas failed to grab the opportunity this time it would be a loss for the Nagas. He once again called upon other NPGs/ factions to understand each other regardless of the past and work together for a solution for the best of the Nagas. A presidential address of NSCN (I-M) president Isak Chishi Swu was read out by kilo kilonser Rh. Raising.

Earlier, messages were delivered by Naga Hoho vice president, Eastern Nagaland People’s Organisaiton president and short speeches by United Naga Council president, Zeliangrong Baudi NC Hills, Assam president, Arunachal Chief Council, Tirap and Changlang districts, Eastern Naga Students’ Association (Burma) president and founder and advisor GBs Federation, Nagaland T.L.Angami.

The chief guest, Th. Muivah also hosted the Naga national flag which was followed by parade GFTHQ, Naga army. The gathering was also enthralled by Lotha Sentahn cultural troupe, Dimapur with a folkdance, Chakhesang Patriotic folksong by Diphupar and a cultural presentation by Dimasa Bamunpukhuri.

Invocation was said by Rev. Vitovi (CNC), silent prayer in remembrance of martyrs was led by general secretary CNC Rev. Seksim Kasar, vote of thanks by convenor organizing committee V. Horam and benediction by CHQ Church Hebron Pastor Rev. Joseph Ruivah. Nagaland Post